||The quality varies between open near-back unrounded [ɑ̟ː], open back unrounded [ɑː] and even open back rounded [ɒː]. See Afrikaans phonology
||Allophone of long and short /a/ near emphatic consonants, depending on the speaker's accent. See Arabic phonology
||ҡаҙ / qað
||Allophone of /a/ in contact with velar consonants. See Catalan phonology
||More central ([ɑ̟], [ä]) in other dialects; fully front [a] in Majorcan Catalan.
|Some Valencian and Majorcan speakers
||Unrounded allophone of /ɔ/ in some accents. Can be centralized.
|Some southern Valencian speakers
||Pronunciation of the vowel /ɔ/ before [w]. Can be centralized.
||棒 / bàng
||Allophone of /a/ before /ŋ/. See Standard Chinese phonology
||Backness varies among dialects; in the Standard Northern accent it is fully back. In the Standard Belgian accent it is raised and fronted to [ɑ̝̈]. See Dutch phonology
||Near-open fully back; can be rounded [ɒ̝] instead. See Dutch phonology
||Corresponds to [aː ~ äː] in standard Dutch.
||Corresponds to [ʌu] in standard Dutch.
||Somewhat raised and fronted.
||May be more front [ɑ̟ ~ ä], especially in accents without the cot-caught merger. See English phonology
||Fully back. It can be more front [ɑ̟ː] instead.
|General South African
||Fully back. Broad varieties usually produce a rounded vowel [ɒː ~ ɔː] instead, while Cultivated SAE prefers a more front vowel [ɑ̟ː ~ äː]. See South African English phonology
||Typically more front than cardinal [ɑ]. It may be as front as [äː] in some Cultivated South African and southern English speakers. See English phonology and South African English phonology
||Allophone of /a/ before velars for some speakers.
||Near-open. See Estonian phonology
||Corresponds to /ɔɑ/ in standard language. See Faroese phonology
||Near-open, also described as open central [ä]. See Finnish phonology
||Contrasts with /a/, but many speakers have only one open vowel [ä]. See French phonology
||Contrasts with /a/. See Quebec French phonology
||Allophone of /a/ in contact with velar consonants. See Galician phonology
||გუდა / guda
||Usually not fully back [ɑ], typically [ɑ̟] to [ä]. Sometimes transcribed as /a/.
||Nasalized; often realized as rounded [ɒ̃ː]. See Standard German phonology
||Used by speakers in Northern Germany, East Central Germany, Franconia and Switzerland. Also a part of the Standard Austrian accent. More front in other accents. See Standard German phonology
||Corresponds to central [ä ~ ɐ] in Modern Standard Greek. See Modern Greek phonology
||Weakly rounded [ɒ] in standard Hungarian. See Hungarian phonology
||Allophone of /a/ before and especially between uvulars. See Inuit phonology
||Some Piedmont dialects
||Allophone of /a/ which in Italian is largely realised as central [ä].
||Varies between back [ɑ] and central [ɐ].
||The quality varies between open back [ɑ], open near-back [ɑ̟] and near-open near-back [ɑ̽] (illustrated in the example word, which is from the Maastrichtian dialect), depending on the dialect.
||al / aal
||Backness may vary among dialects.
||Near-open fully back. See Luxembourgish phonology
||See Malay phonology
||The example word is from Urban East Norwegian. Central [äː] in some other dialects. See Norwegian phonology
||Occurs only before the hard /l/, but not when a palatalized consonant precedes. See Russian phonology
||Possible realization of /a/ after uvular stops.
||Weakly rounded [ɒ̜ː] in Central Standard Swedish. See Swedish phonology
||Also described as central [ä]. See Turkish phonology
||See Ukrainian phonology
||Some dialects in North Central and Central
||Also described as central [ä]. See West Frisian phonology
||Contrasts with a front /aː/. See West Frisian phonology