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Odd Hassel

Odd Hassel
Odd Hassel.jpg
Odd Hassel, c.1935
Born(1897-05-17)17 May 1897
Kristiania, Norway
Died11 May 1981(1981-05-11) (aged 83)
Oslo, Norway
NationalityNorway
Alma materUniversity of Oslo
AwardsNobel Prize in Chemistry (1969)
Scientific career
FieldsPhysical chemistry
InstitutionsUniversity of Oslo

Odd Hassel (17 May 1897 – 11 May 1981) was a Norwegian physical chemist and Nobel Laureate.[1]

Biography

Hassel was born in Kristiania (now Oslo), Norway. His parents were Ernst Hassel (1848–1905), a gynaecologist, and Mathilde Klaveness (1860–1955). In 1915, he entered the University of Oslo where he studied mathematics, physics and chemistry, and graduated in 1920. After taking a year off from studying, he went to Munich, Germany to work in the laboratory of Professor Kasimir Fajans.[2] His work there led to the detection of absorption indicators. After moving to Berlin, he worked at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, where he began to do research on X-ray crystallography.[3] He furthered his research with a Rockefeller Fellowship, obtained with the help of Fritz Haber. In 1924, he obtained his PhD from Humboldt University of Berlin, before moving to his alma mater, the University of Oslo, where he worked from 1925 through 1964. He became a professor in 1934.[4]

His work was interrupted in October, 1943 when he and other university staff members were arrested by the Nasjonal Samling and handed over to the occupation authorities. He spent time in several detention camps, until he was released in November, 1944.[5]

Work

Hassel originally focused on inorganic chemistry, but beginning in 1930 his work concentrated on problems connected with molecular structure, particularly the structure of cyclohexane and its derivatives. He introduced the Norwegian scientific community to the concepts of the electric dipole moments and electron diffraction. The work for which he is best known established the three-dimensionality of molecular geometry. He focused his research on ring-shaped carbon molecules, which he suspected filled three dimensions instead of two, the common belief of the time. By using the number of bonds between the carbon and hydrogen atoms, Hassel demonstrated the impossibility of the molecules existing on only one plane. This discovery led to him being awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 1969.

Honors

Hassel was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1969

He received the Guldberg-Waage Medal (Guldberg-Waage Medal) from the Norwegian Chemical Society and the Gunnerus Medal from the Royal Norwegian Society of Science and Letters, both in 1964. [6][7]

Hassel held honorary degrees from the University of Copenhagen (1950) and University of Stockholm (1960). An annual lecture named in his honor is given at the University of Oslo.[8]

He was an honorary Fellow of the Norwegian Chemical Society, Chemical Society of London, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters and Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. [9]

He was made a Knight of the Order of St. Olav in 1960.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b Tor Dahl. "Odd Hassel". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  2. ^ Candid Science III: More Conversations with Famous Chemists, Istvan Hargittai, Magdolna Hargittai, Imperial College Press, 2003.
  3. ^ Odd Hassel biography bookrags.com
  4. ^ Odd Hassel - The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1969, nobelprize.org
  5. ^ Ottosen, Kristian, ed. (2004). Nordmenn i fangenskap 1940–1945 (in Norwegian) (2nd ed.). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget. p. 289. ISBN 978-82-15-00288-0.
  6. ^ "Professor Odd Hassel, 11. mars 1964". Guldberg og Waage-medaljen. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  7. ^ "Gunnerusmedaljen". lokalhistoriewiki.no. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  8. ^ Bjørn Pedersen. "Odd Hassel". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  9. ^ Ralph E. Oesper (January 1952). "Odd Hassel". Journal of Chemical Education. 29: 25. doi:10.1021/ed029p25.

Related reading

  • Oakes, E. (2002). A to Z of Chemists. Facts on File Science library : Notable scientists. New York: VB Hermitage. ISBN 978-0-8160-4579-2.
  • Laylin, James K. (1993) Nobel Laureates in Chemistry, 1901-1992 (Chemical Heritage Foundation) ISBN 9780841226906

External links