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Scientific classification e
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gammaproteobacteria
Order: Oceanospirillales


The Oceanospirillales are an order of Proteobacteria with seven families.[2]


Oceanospirillales are metabolically and morphologically diverse, with some able to grow in the presence of oxygen and others requiring an anaerobic environment.[3] Most Oceanospirillales are prefer or require high salt concentrations to grow.[3] While they grow in diverse niches, all Oceanospirillales derive their energy from the breakdown of various organic products. All Oceanospirillales are motile except for members of the genus Alcanivorax.[3]


The order Oceanospirillales was first described in 2005 in the second edition of Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, consisting of six families and with the type genus of Oceanospirillum.[4] In 2007, a seventh family was added with the identification of Litoricola lipolytica and the creation of its family Litoricolaceae.[2][5]


  1. ^ Parker, Charles Thomas; Wigley, Sarah; Garrity, George M (1 January 2003). "Taxonomic Abstract for the families". The NamesforLife Abstracts. doi:10.1601/tx.2487.
  2. ^ a b Euzeby JP. "Classification of domains and phyla - Hierarchical classification of prokaryotes". List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Garrity GM, Bell JA, Liburn T (2015). "Oceanospirillales ord. nov.". In Whitman WB (ed.). Bergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria. p. 1. doi:10.1002/9781118960608.obm00100. ISBN 9781118960608.
  4. ^ Euzeby JP. "Oceanospirillales". List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  5. ^ Euzeby JP. "Litoricola". List of Prokaryotic Names with Standining in Nomenclature. Retrieved 8 November 2017.

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