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Nyulnyulan languages

Nyulnyulan
Geographic
distribution
northern Australia
Linguistic classificationOne of the world's primary language families
Subdivisions
  • Eastern
  • Western
Glottolognyul1248[1]
Nyulnyulan languages.png
Nyulnyulan languages (purple), among other non-Pama-Nyungan languages (grey)

The Nyulnyulan languages are a small family of closely related Australian Aboriginal languages spoken in northern Western Australia. Most languages in this family are extinct, with only 3 extant languages, all of which are almost extinct.

The languages form two branches established on the basis of lexical and morphological innovation.[2]

  • Western or Nyulnyulic:
Nyulnyul
Bardi
Jawi
Djabirr-Djabirr
Nimanburru
  • Eastern or Dyukun:
Yawuru
Dyugun
Warrwa
Nyigina
Ngumbarl

References

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Nyulnyulan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Bowern 2004: Bardi Verb Morphology in Historical Perspective PhD, Harvard University
  • Bowern, Claire. 2004: Bardi Verb Morphology in Historical Perspective PhD, Harvard University
  • Bowern, Claire. 2010: Two Missing Pieces in a Nyulnyulan Jigsaw Puzzle. LSA, Baltimore.
  • Stokes, B; McGregor, W. B. (2003). "Classification and subclassification of the Nyulnyulan languages". In N. Evans (ed.). The Non-Pama–Nyungan Languages of Northern Australia: Comparative Studies of the Continent’s Most Linguistically Complex Region. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 29–74.