Nuclear Fuel Complex

Nuclear Fuel Complex
Nuclear industry
Founded 1971
Headquarters Hyderabad, India
Key people
N.SAIBABA, Chief Executive
Number of employees
Website []

The Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC) was established in 1971 as a major industrial unit of Department of Atomic Energy, for the supply of nuclear fuel bundles and reactor core components. It is a unique facility where natural and enriched uranium fuel, zirconium alloy cladding and reactor core components are manufactured under one roof. NFC symbolizes the strong emphasis on self-reliance in the Indian Nuclear Power Programme.

Natural uranium, mined at Jaduguda Uranium Mine in the Singhbhum area of Jharkhand state, is converted into nuclear fuel assemblies. A 220 MW PHWR fuel bundle contains 15.2 kg of natural uranium dioxide. Uranium dioxide pellets, which generate heat while undergoing fission, also generate fission products.[1] The fission products, which are radioactive should be contained and not allowed to mix with coolant water. Hence the UO2, pellets are contained in zirconium alloy tubes with both ends hermetically sealed.

NFC is planning to establish two major fuel fabrication facilities to meet the expected jump in nuclear power production[2]


Located near the famous shrine of Moulali at Hyderabad, NFC is spread over 150 acres (0.61 km2). Production in its various plants started in the early seventies. Presently NFC has around 3600 personnel.