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Nordreisa

Nordreisa kommune

Ráissa suohkan
Raisin komuuni
View of Storslett
View of Storslett
Official logo of Nordreisa kommune
Troms within
Norway
Nordreisa within Troms
Nordreisa within Troms
Coordinates: 69°42′18″N 21°12′33″E / 69.70500°N 21.20917°E / 69.70500; 21.20917
CountryNorway
CountyTroms
DistrictNord-Troms
Established1 Jan 1886
Administrative centreStorslett
Government
 • Mayor (2011)Øyvind Evanger (Ap)
Area
 • Total3,437.46 km2 (1,327.21 sq mi)
 • Land3,336.06 km2 (1,288.06 sq mi)
 • Water101.40 km2 (39.15 sq mi)  2.9%
Area rank9 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total4,944
 • Rank203 in Norway
 • Density1.5/km2 (4/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
6%
Demonym(s)Reisaværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1942
Official language formBokmål
Websitenordreisa.kommune.no

Nordreisa (Norwegian) or Ráisa (Northern Sami) or Raisi (Kven)[2][3] is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Storslett. Other villages include Oksfjordhamn, Sørkjosen, and Rotsund.

The municipality consists of the Reisadalen valley, with the river Reisaelva and deep pine forests, surrounded by mountains and high plateaus. Most people live in Storslett, where the river meets the Reisafjorden. Sørkjosen, just northwest of Storslett, is the location of Sørkjosen Airport with flights to Tromsø and several destinations in Finnmark. The European route E6 runs through the northern part of the municipality.

The 3,437-square-kilometre (1,327 sq mi) municipality is the 9th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Nordreisa is the 203rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 4,944. The municipality's population density is 1.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (3.9/sq mi) and its population has increased by 6% over the last decade.[4][5]

General information

The municipality of Nordreisa was established on 1 January 1886 when Skjervøy Municipality was divided in two. The southern part of Skjervøy (population: 1,057) was separated to form the new municipality. On 1 January 1890, the Trætten and Loppevolden farms (population: 32) were transferred to Nordreisa from Skjervøy. The parts of Skjervøy lying on the mainland (population: 1,556) were transferred from Skjervøy to Nordreisa on 1 January 1972. On 1 January 1982, the southern part of the island of Uløya (population: 128) was transferred from Skjervøy to Nordreisa.[6]

Name

The municipality is named after the Reisafjorden (originally Reisa), which again is named after Reisaelva ("Reisa river" - originally Reisa). The river name is probably derived from the verb rísa which means "raise" (referring to flooding).

The first element Nord ("northern") was added to distinguish the municipality from Sørreisa Municipality to the south. The municipality was originally named Nordreisen, but the ending was later changed to the present form.[7]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 21 December 1984. The arms show two white salmon on a green background. This was chosen since the river Reisaelva is one of the country's best salmon rivers.[8]

Churches

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Nordreisa. It is part of the Nord-Troms prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Nordreisa
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Nordreisa Nordreisa Church Storslett 1856
Rotsund Chapel Rotsund 1932

History

Most inhabitants are descendants of settlers from Finland who came over in the 18th century, escaping famine and war. Today, only a few old people can speak Finnish. Some inhabitants have Sami or Norwegian backgrounds, and today the Norwegian language is most commonly used.

Few old buildings survive in Nordreisa, as virtually everything was destroyed in early 1945 by retreating German troops. The two major attractions are the old trading post at Havnnes, with picturesque old houses that escaped the war damages, and the waterfall of Mollisfossen, which is 269 metres (883 ft) high. The upper, or southernmost, areas of the municipality are covered by the Reisa National Park with unique forest and high plateau vegetation.

In the 2007 municipal elections, Nordreisa recorded the highest vote for the right-wing Progress Party in Norway at 49.3%.

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Nordreisa, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Nord-Troms District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Nordreisa is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[10]

Nordreisa Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet6
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet3
 Conservative PartyHøyre4
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti3
 Green PartyMiljøpartiet De Grønne1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet2
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti2
Total number of members:21

Geography

Nordreisa Municipality is located around the Reisafjorden and the Reisadalen valley. The municipality also includes the southern part of the island of Uløya. The Lyngen fjord lies on the northwestern edge of the municipality. The island municipality of Skjervøy lies to the north; Kvænangen and Kautokeino municipalities are to the east; Finland is to the south; and the municipalities of Gáivuotna–Kåfjord and Lyngen to the west. The large mountain Halti lies in the southern part of the municipality, near Reisa National Park.

Climate

Climate data for Storslett
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
−3.6
(25.5)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.5
(38.3)
8.3
(46.9)
13.3
(55.9)
16.1
(61.0)
14.6
(58.3)
10.2
(50.4)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.4
(31.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
4.9
(40.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.0
(17.6)
−7.4
(18.7)
−4.6
(23.7)
−0.1
(31.8)
5.1
(41.2)
9.7
(49.5)
12.6
(54.7)
11.3
(52.3)
6.8
(44.2)
1.8
(35.2)
−3.5
(25.7)
−6.6
(20.1)
1.4
(34.5)
Average low °C (°F) −12.2
(10.0)
−11.4
(11.5)
−8.8
(16.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
1.3
(34.3)
5.9
(42.6)
8.7
(47.7)
7.6
(45.7)
3.5
(38.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
−6.9
(19.6)
−10.5
(13.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 59
(2.3)
50
(2.0)
42
(1.7)
34
(1.3)
34
(1.3)
45
(1.8)
60
(2.4)
64
(2.5)
62
(2.4)
80
(3.1)
65
(2.6)
67
(2.6)
662
(26.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 10.3 9.8 9.1 7.8 8.2 9.8 11.3 11.4 11.8 12.6 11.6 11.3 125.0
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[11]

Notable residents

  • Bjørn Arne Olsen, actor in Titanic
  • Eirik Høgbakk, professional football player
  • Ruben Kristiansen, professional football player
  • Dag Rune Stangeland, Strongman

References

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ "Fastsettelse av samisk og kvensk navn på Nordreisa kommune, Troms" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no. 2018-04-27. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
  3. ^ "Saksprotokoll fra Nordreisa kommunestyre 26.10.17 - PS 52/17" (in Norwegian). Nordreisa kommune. 2017-10-26. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  6. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  7. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 185.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-08-04.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
  10. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.

External links