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Nordic combined at the Winter Olympics

Nordic combined at the Winter Olympics
Nordic combined pictogram.svg
Governing bodyFIS
Events3 (men)
Games

The Nordic combined events have been contested at the Winter Olympic Games since 1924. The first competition involved 18 km cross-country skiing, followed by ski jumping.

History

Whoever earned the most points from both competitions won the event. At the 1952 Winter Olympics, the ski jumping was held first, followed by 18 km cross-country skiing. The cross-country skiing portion was reduced to 15 km at the 1956 Winter Olympics. The ski jumping styles would change over the years as well, from the Kongsberger technique after World War I to the Daescher technique in the 1950s to the current V-style from 1985 onwards.

The cross-country skiing technique would switch from classical to freestyle for all competitions beginning in 1985. At the 1988 Winter Olympics the Gundersen method was adopted, meaning the 15 km cross country portion would go from an interval start race to a pursuit race, so that whoever crossed the finish line first won the event.

The team event with a 3 x 10 km cross country relay started at the 1988 Winter Olympics, changing to the current 4 x 5 km cross-country relay at the 1998 Winter Olympics. The 7.5 km sprint event was added at the 2002 Winter Olympics. Nordic combined remains a men's only event as of the 2010 Winter Olympics. For the 2010 Winter Games, the 15 km Individual Gundersen which consisted of 2 jumps from the normal hill followed by 15 km cross country will be replaced by a 10 km individual normal hill event which will consist of one jump from the individual normal hill following by 10 km of cross country using the Gundersen system while the 7.5 km sprint will be replaced by the 10 km individual large hill event.

Today the International Ski Federation sanction no women's competitions. However it was decided in early-November 2016 that women's competitions were to be established at the Olympic Winter Games in 2022.[1]

Events

Event 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 22 Years
15 km individual normal hill 20
10 km individual normal hill 3
Team normal hill 9
10 km individual large hill 3
7.5 km sprint large hill 2
Total events 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3

Medal table

Updated after 2018 Winter Olympics.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Norway (NOR)1310831
2 Germany (GER)55414
3 Finland (FIN)48214
4 Austria (AUT)321015
5 East Germany (GDR)3047
6 Japan (JPN)2305
7 France (FRA)2114
8 West Germany (FRG)2103
9 United States (USA)1304
10 Switzerland (SUI)1214
11 United Team of Germany (EUA)1012
12 Soviet Union (URS)0123
13 Sweden (SWE)0112
14 Italy (ITA)0011
 Poland (POL)0011
 Russia (RUS)0011
Totals (16 nations)373737111

Number of Nordic combined skiers by nation

Nation 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 22 Years
 Australia (AUS) 1 1
 Austria (AUT) 1 3 4 4 3 3 1 4 3 1 1 1 4 4 4 4 5 4 5 5 5 21
 Belarus (BLR) 1 2 1 3
 Bulgaria (BUL) 1 1
 Canada (CAN) 2 4 4 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 11
 Czech Republic (CZE) 4 5 5 5 4 4 4 7
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 1 3 2 4 2 2 4 4 15
 East Germany (GDR) 3 4 4 4 3 4 6
 Estonia (EST) 4 4 4 2 1 3 2 7
 Finland (FIN) 2 2 4 4 3 3 4 4 3 3 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 4 5 22
 France (FRA) 4 3 2 3 1 1 3 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 15
 Germany (GER) 5 4 4 4 4 5 6 5 5 5 5 11
 Great Britain (GBR) 1 1
 Hungary (HUN) 3 1 2
 Italy (ITA) 1 3 2 3 3 3 1 2 2 2 2 3 1 5 4 5 4 17
 Japan (JPN) 1 3 3 2 2 4 3 4 4 2 4 2 3 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 21
 Latvia (LAT) 1 1
 Norway (NOR) 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 4 5 5 5 23
 Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR) 1 1
 Poland (POL) 2 3 3 4 4 4 4 1 1 4 3 4 4 1 2 1 1 4 18
 Russia (RUS) 4 5 4 5 2 4 6
 Slovakia (SVK) 3 1 2
 Slovenia (SLO) 1 1 1 3 3 2 6
 South Korea (KOR) 1 1
 Soviet Union (URS) 4 4 4 3 4 4 3 3 4 4 10
 Sweden (SWE) 3 1 2 3 3 1 1 2 1 9
 Switzerland (SUI) 4 4 3 3 4 1 1 1 2 1 4 4 4 4 6 5 5 1 1 19
 Ukraine (UKR) 1 2 1 1 1 5
 Unified Team (EUN) 4 1
 United Team of Germany (EUA) 4 4 4 3
 United States (USA) 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 4 3 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 6 5 4 5 23
 West Germany (FRG) 4 2 3 4 4 3 6
 Yugoslavia (YUG) 4 1 1 1 4
Nations 9 14 10 16 13 11 12 13 11 13 14 14 9 11 13 12 16 14 14 15 14 15 16
Nordic combined skiers 30 35 33 51 39 25 36 33 32 41 40 34 31 28 44 46 53 53 54 59 54 55 55
Year 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18

See also

References

  1. ^ "Decisions of the Autumn 2016 FIS Council Meeting". International Ski Federation. 5 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.

External links

Media related to Nordic combined at the Olympics at Wikimedia Commons