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Non-Inscrits

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Non-Inscrits (abbreviated NI; English: Non-Attached Members, abbreviated NA[1]) are Members of the European Parliament (MEP) who do not sit in one of the recognised political groups.

These MEPs may be members of a national party, or of a European political party, but for a political grouping to be formed in the European Parliament there need to be 25 MEPs from seven different states. Being part of a group grants access to state funds and committee seats, but the group members must be ideologically tied. Groups of convenience, such as the Technical Group of Independents, previously existed, but are no longer allowed, and the minimum requirements for group formation have been raised, forcing less numerous elements to sit as NIs.[clarification needed]

Political ideologies displayed by the Non-Inscrits range from conservatism, nationalism and national conservatism to social liberalism, populism, communism and neo-nazism.[dubious ] As of 2015 however, the Non-Inscrits mostly consist of far-right parties.[2]

In the 6th European Parliament 23 right-wing NIs briefly formed the Identity, Tradition, Sovereignty group at the start of 2007, but it collapsed on 14 November 2007 due to internal disagreements.[citation needed]

Current Term Non-Inscrits (2014–19)

Source: [1]

The number of Non-Inscrits rose temporarily from 48 at the beginning of the term to 100 between 16 and 20 October 2014 when the EFDD group dissolved following the departure of Latvian MEP Iveta Grigule. The EFDD group was restored when Robert Iwaszkiewicz (KNP, Poland) decided to join it.

On 15 June 2015, 35 Non-Inscrits MEPs and a former EFDD member (Janice Atkinson, excluded from UKIP) formed a new group, named "Europe of Nations and Freedom" (ENF), around Marine Le Pen (FN) and Marcel de Graaff (PVV), later joined on 24 June 2015 by Aymeric Chauprade. The number of Non-Inscrits then fell to 14 on 22 July 2015, when Juan Fernando López Aguilar reintegrated S&D. Aymeric Chauprade left ENF on 9 November 2015. Marcus Pretzell was expelled from ECR before joining the ENF in May 2016, bringing the number of Non-Inscrits to 15. From May 2016 to May 2017 Renato Soru was expelled from S&D after being sentenced for tax evasion. When Steven Woolfe and Diane James left EFDD in October and November 2016 and Alessandra Mussolini left EPP during twelve days in November–December 2016 the number of Non-Inscrits grew to 19 before coming back to 18. Jacek Saryusz-Wolski was expelled from the EPP in March 2017.

Current members

Country # National Party MEP EU party
 Denmark 1 Independent (elected with DF) Rikke Karlsson
(was member of ECR until 21 February 2018)
None
 France 1 National Front (FN)
Front National
Bruno Gollnisch EAF / MENF
1 Comités Jeanne (elected with FN) Jean-Marie Le Pen APF
1 Independent (elected with FN) Sophie Montel
(was member of EFDD until 5 July 2018)
None
 Germany
1 Die PARTEI Martin Sonneborn None
1 National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD)
Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands
Udo Voigt APF
 Greece 2 Golden Dawn (ΧΑ)
Χρυσή Αυγή
Chrysí Avgí
Georgios Epitidios None
Lambros Foundoulis
1 Greece Patriotic Radical Union (PATRIE) (elected with ΧΑ)
Ελλάδα - Πατριωτική Ριζοσπαστική Ένωση
Ellάda - Patriwtikή Rizospastikή Έnwsh
Eleftherios Synadinos None
2 Communist Party of Greece (KKE)
Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας
Kommounistikó Kómma Elládas
Konstantinos Papadakis INITIATIVE
Sotirios Zarianopoulos
 Hungary 1 Jobbik
Jobbik Magyarországért Mozgalom
Zoltán Balczó None
2 Independent (elected with Jobbik) Béla Kovács
Krisztina Morvai
 Italy 1 Independent (elected with M5S) David Borrelli
(was member of EFDD until 13 February 2018)
None
 Poland 1 Liberty
Wolność
Dobromir Sośnierz
(left KNP and joined KORWiN, replacing Janusz Korwin-Mikke upon his resignation)
None
1 Civic Platform (PO)
Platforma Obywatelska
Jacek Saryusz-Wolski
(expelled from EPP in March 2017)
EPP
1 Independent (elected with PiS) Kazimierz Michał Ujazdowski
(was member of ECR until 13 April 2018)
None
 United Kingdom 1 UK Independence Party (UKIP) Gerard Batten
(was member of EFDD until 7 December 2018)
None
1 Conservative Party (elected with UKIP) Steven Woolfe
(was member of EFDD until 23 October 2016)
AECR
1 Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) Diane Dodds None
2 Independent (elected with UKIP) James Carver
(was member of EFDD until 28 May 2018)
Diane James
(was member of EFDD until 19 November 2016)

Previous members

Country # National Party MEP EU party
 Austria 4 Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ)
Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs
Barbara Kappel[a] EAF / MENL
Georg Mayer[a]
Franz Obermayr[a]
Harald Vilimsky[a]
 Belgium 1 Flemish Interest (VB)
Vlaams Belang
Gerolf Annemans[a]
 France 18 National Front (FN)
Front National
Louis Aliot[a]
Marie-Christine Arnautu[a]
Nicolas Bay[a]
Dominique Bilde[a]
Marie-Christine Boutonnet[a]
Steeve Briois[a]
Mireille d'Ornano[a]
Édouard Ferrand[a]
Sylvie Goddyn[a]
Jean-François Jalkh[a]
Marine Le Pen[a]
Philippe Loiseau[a]
(Replaced Jeanne Pothain, who resigned before sitting)[3][4]
Dominique Martin[a]
Joëlle Mélin[a]
Bernard Monot[a]
Sophie Montel[a]
Florian Philippot[a]
Mylène Troszczynski[a]
2 Rassemblement bleu Marine (RBM)
Front National
Gilles Lebreton[a]
Jean-Luc Schaffhauser[a]
1 Independent (elected with FN) Aymeric Chauprade
(from 9 November 2015 to 18 April 2018; was member of ENF from 24 June to 9 November 2015)
none
 Germany 1 Alternative for Germany (AfD)
Alternative für Deutschland
Marcus Pretzell
(from 12 April 2016 to 1 May 2016)
none
 Italy 1 Democratic Party Renato Soru
(was member of S&D until 9 May 2016 and from 16 May 2017)
Party of European Socialists
5 Northern League (LN)
Lega Nord
Mara Bizzotto[a] EAF / MENL
Mario Borghezio[a]
Gianluca Buonanno[a]
Lorenzo Fontana[a]
(Replaced on 11 July 2014 Flavio Tosi, who resigned to remain mayor of Verona)
Matteo Salvini[a]
1 Forza Italia Alessandra Mussolini
(was member of EPP Group until 29 November 2016 and after 11 December 2016)
European People's Party
 Latvia 1 Latvian Farmers' Union (ZZS)
Zaļo un Zemnieku savienība
Iveta Grigule
(from 16 October 2014 to 27 April 2015)
None
 Netherlands 4 Party for Freedom (PVV)
Partij voor de Vrijheid
Marcel de Graaff[a] EAF
Vicky Maeijer[a]
Olaf Stuger[a]
Auke Zijlstra
(from 1 to 7 September 2015, then joined ENF. He replaced Hans Jansen who died on 5 May 2015, himself replacing Geert Wilders, who resigned before sitting)
 Poland 3 Congress of the New Right (KNP)
Kongres Nowej Prawicy
Robert Iwaszkiewicz
(until 20 October 2014, before joining EFDD)
None
Michał Marusik[a]
Stanisław Żółtek[a]
1 Liberty
Wolność
Janusz Korwin-Mikke
(left KNP and founded own party KORWiN in March 2015)
None
 Romania 1 Independent Sorin Moisă None
 Spain 1 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Partido Socialista Obrero Español
Juan Fernando López Aguilar
(suspended from S&D from 15 April to 21 July 2015 following allegations of domestic violence[5][6])
PES

Historic Non-Inscrits

Non-Inscrits 2009–2014

Country # National Party[7] MEP EU party
 Austria 1 Hans-Peter Martin's List Hans-Peter Martin None
2 formerly Hans-Peter Martin's List Martin Ehrenhauser
Angelika Werthmann
2 Freedom Party Andreas Mölzer
Franz Obermayr
1 Alliance for the Future of Austria Ewald Stadler
 Belgium 1 Flemish Interest Philip Claeys
 Bulgaria 2 Attack Dimitar Stoyanov
Slavcho Binev
(joined EFD in 2012, while leaving Attack and founding PROUD)
 France 3 Front National Bruno Gollnisch AENM
Jean-Marie Le Pen None
Marine Le Pen
 Hungary 3 Jobbik Béla Kovács
Krisztina Morvai
Csanád Szegedi
 Italy 1 Northern League Mario Borghezio MELD?
 Ireland 1 formerly Labour Nessa Childers None
 Netherlands 3 Party for Freedom Lucas Hartong
Auke Zijlstra
Patricia van der Kammen
1 Article 50 (formerly Party for Freedom) Daniël van der Stoep
1 (formerly Party for Freedom) Laurence Stassen
 Romania 2 Greater Romania Party Claudiu Ciprian Tănăsescu [fr]
Corneliu Vadim Tudor
1 New Generation Party – Christian Democratic George Becali
 Spain 1 Union, Progress and Democracy Francisco Sosa Wagner
 United Kingdom 2 British National Party Nick Griffin AENM
British National Party (until 17 October 2010)
British Democratic Party (from 9 February 2013)[8]
Andrew Brons None
1 Democratic Unionist Party Diane Dodds
3 UK Independence Party (UKIP) Trevor Colman
(left EFD on 25 March 2011)[9]
UK Independence Party (before 4 November 2013)
An Independence Party (2013-14)
An Independence from Europe (from 25 March 2014)
Mike Nattrass
(left EFD on 23 June 2010, rejoined EFD on 11 December 2012, left EFD again on 9 September 2013)[10]
UK Independence Party (before 16 February 2011)
United Kingdom Independent (2011-12)
We Demand a Referendum (from 13 September 2012)
Nikki Sinclaire
(left EFD on 18 January 2010)[11]

Non-Inscrits 2004–2009

Country # National Party MEP EU party
 Austria 2 1 Hans-Peter Martin's List (Liste Dr. Hans-Peter Martin) Hans-Peter Martin None
1 Freedom Party Andreas Mölzer
 Belgium 3 Flemish Interest Philip Claeys
Koenraad Dillen
Frank Vanhecke
 Bulgaria 3 National Union Attack
Dimitar Stoyanov
Slavcho Binev
Desislav Chukolov
 Czech Republic 1 Independent Democrats (Nezávislí demokraté) Jana Bobošíková
 France 7 National Front Bruno Gollnisch Euronat
Carl Lang
Jean-Marie Le Pen
Marine Le Pen
Fernand Le Rachinel
Jean-Claude Martinez
Lydia Schenardi
 Italy 3 1 Olive Tree (Uniti nell'Ulivo) Gianni Rivera None
1 Social Alternative Roberto Fiore
1 Tricolour Flame Luca Romagnoli Euronat
 Poland 2 League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin) Sylwester Chruszcz None
Maciej Giertych
 Slovakia 3 People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
(Ľudová strana – Hnutie za demokratické Slovensko)
Peter Baco
Irena Belohorská
Sergej Kozlík
 United Kingdom 4 1 Traditional Unionist Voice Jim Allister ADIE
1 formerly UKIP Ashley Mote None
1 Robert Kilroy-Silk
1 Tom Wise

Non-Inscrits 1999–2004

Country # National Party MEP EU party
 Austria 5 Freedom Party Gerhard Hager None
Wolfgang Ilgenfritz
Hans Kronberger
Daniela Raschhofer
Peter Sichrovsky
 Belgium 2 Vlaams Blok Philip Claeys
Koenraad Dillen
 Belgium 1 Independent Ward Beysen[12]
 Denmark 3 June Movement Bent Andersen
Jens-Peter Bonde
Ulla Sandbæk
 France 5 National Front Charles de Gaulle Euronat
Bruno Gollnisch
Carl Lang
Jean-Claude Martinez
Marie-France Stirbois
 France 5 Individual members of Rally for France Elizabeth Montfort [fr][13]
Thierry de la Perrière [fr][14]
Dominique Souchet[14]
Nicole Thomas-Mauro [fr][14]
Alexandre Varaut [fr][14]
 Italy 7 Italian Radicals Emma Bonino ELDR
Marco Cappato
Gianfranco Dell'Alba [it]
Benedetto Della Vedova
Olivier Dupuis [it]
Marco Pannella
Maurizio Turco [it]
 Italy 4 Lega Nord Mario Borghezio None
Marco Formentini[15]
Gian Paolo Gobbo
Francesco Speroni
 Italy 1 Tricolour Flame Roberto Felix Billard[16]
 Spain 1 Batasuna Koldo Gorostiaga Atxalandabaso
 United Kingdom 1 Democratic Unionist Party Ian Paisley

Non-Inscrits 1994–1999

Non-Inscrits 1989–1994

Country # National Party MEP EU party
 Netherlands 1 Reformed Political Party Leen van der Waal none

Non-Inscrits 1984–1989

Country # National Party MEP EU party
 Netherlands 1 Reformed Political Party Leen van der Waal none

Non-Inscrits 1979–1984

Country # National Party MEP EU party
 Netherlands 2 Democrats 66 Suzanne Dekker none
Aar de Goede

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai Until 14 June 2015, then joined ENF

References

  1. ^ the English name is also official, but the French name is prevalent even in English texts
  2. ^ "Who do you think you are kidding...?". www.newstatesman.com.
  3. ^ "Minutes of the sitting of Thursday 3 July 2014". European Parliament. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  4. ^ "L'Orléanaise Jeanne Pothain (FN) démissionne de son mandat de députée européenne" [Orleans' Jeanne Pothain (FN) resigns her MEP seat]. La République du Centre [fr] (in French). 26 June 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  5. ^ Luis Ángel Sanz (4 April 2015). "El PSOE expulsa temporalmente a López Aguilar del Grupo Socialista en Bruselas". El Mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2015-06-11.
  6. ^ E. García de Blas & R. Rincón (7 April 2015). "El PSOE aparta a López Aguilar tras una denuncia de maltrato". El País (in Spanish).
  7. ^ "Non-Inscrits". europarl.europa.eu. European Parliament. Archived from the original on 2013-01-31. Retrieved 2013-01-19.
  8. ^ Personal profile of Andrew Brons in the European Parliament's database of members
  9. ^ Personal profile of Trevor Colman in the European Parliament's database of members
  10. ^ Personal profile of Mike Nattrass in the European Parliament's database of members
  11. ^ Personal profile of Nicole Sinclaire in the European Parliament's database of members
  12. ^ Left the Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats in 2003.
  13. ^ Member of Union for Europe of the Nations until 2001, Non-Inscrit from 2001 to 2003, and member of European People's Party (European Parliament group) from 2003.
  14. ^ a b c d Member of Union for Europe of the Nations until 2001.
  15. ^ Joined the Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe on 5.10.1999.
  16. ^ Joined the Union for Europe of the Nations in 2001.

External links

  • "Non-Inscrits". europarl.europa.eu. European Parliament. Retrieved 2015-06-16.