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Nitrogen-13

Nitrogen-13, 13N
General
Symbol13N
Namesnitrogen-13, N-13
Protons7
Neutrons6
Nuclide data
Half-life9.97 min
Parent isotopes13O (β+)
Decay modes
Decay modeDecay energy (MeV)
β+1.2003
Isotopes of nitrogen
Complete table of nuclides

Nitrogen-13 (13N) is a radioisotope of nitrogen used in positron emission tomography (PET). It has a half-life of a little under ten minutes, so it must be made at the PET site. A cyclotron may be used for this purpose.

Nitrogen-13 is used to tag ammonia molecules for PET myocardial perfusion imaging.

Production

1H + 16O → 13N + 4He

The proton must be accelerated to a kinetic energy of about 5.55 MeV or a little more.

The reaction is endothermic (i.e. the mass of the products is greater than the reactants, so energy needs to be supplied which is converted to mass). This is one reason why the proton needs to carry extra energy to induce the nuclear reaction.

The energy difference is actually 5.22 MeV, but if the proton only supplied this energy the reactants would be formed with no kinetic energy. As momentum must be conserved, the true energy that needs to be supplied by the proton is given by:

The N-13 role in the CNO cycle.

Nitrogen-13 plays a significant role in the CNO cycle, which is the dominant source of energy in stars heavier than the Sun.[1]

Lightning may have a role in the production of nitrogen-13.[2][3]

External links

References

  1. ^ Phillips, A.C. (1994). The Physics of Stars. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-94057-7.
  2. ^ "Lightning, with a chance of antimatter". Phys.org. ScienceX. November 22, 2017. Retrieved November 24, 2017. The gamma rays emitted in lightning have enough energy to knock a neutron out of atmospheric nitrogen
  3. ^ Castelvecchi, Davide (November 22, 2017). "Lightning makes new isotopes". nature. Retrieved November 29, 2017.


Lighter:
nitrogen-12
Nitrogen-13 is an
isotope of nitrogen
Heavier:
nitrogen-14
Decay product of:
oxygen-13 (electron capture)
Decay chain
of nitrogen-13
Decays to:
carbon-13 (EC)