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Nisterime acetate

Nisterime acetate
Nisterime acetate.svg
Clinical data
Synonyms 2α-Chloro-5α-androstan-17β-ol-3-one O-(p-nitrophenyl)oxime 17β-acetate; 2α-Chloro-4,5α-dihydrotestosterone O-(p-nitrophenyl)oxime 17β-acetate; 2α-Chloro-3-(p-nitrophenoxy)imino-5α-androstan-17β-ol 17β-acetate
Routes of
administration
Oral[1]
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
Chemical and physical data
Formula C27H35ClN2O5
Molar mass 503.04 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

Nisterime acetate (USAN) (developmental code name ORF-9326), also known as 2α-chloro-4,5α-dihydrotestosterone O-(p-nitrophenyl)oxime 17β-acetate or as 2α-chloro-5α-androstan-17β-ol-3-one O-(p-nitrophenyl)oxime 17β-acetate, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) that was developed as a postcoital contraceptive but was never marketed.[2][3][1] It is an androgen ester – specifically, the C17α acetate ester of nisterime.[2] Unlike antiprogestogens like mifepristone, nisterime acetate does not prevent implantation and instead induces embryo resorption as well as interrupts the post-implantation stage of pregnancy.[4]

Nisterime acetate is described as an androgen by some sources.[2][5] However, it has also been reported that the drug lacks hormonal activity in bioassays, including androgenic, estrogenic, or progestogenic activity (as well as antagonistic activity).[1][6] This finding has been described as puzzling in light of the potent abortifacient activity of the drug in animals and it has been said that its mechanism of action remains unknown.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c DW, Hahn, GO, Allen, & FC, Greenslade (1977, March). The post-implantive contragestational activity of 17 beta-acetoxy-2 alpha chloro-3-(p-nitrophenoxy) imino-5-androstane (ORF 9326) in the rat. In Federation Proceedings (Vol. 36, No. 3, p. 342).
  2. ^ a b c J. Elks (14 November 2014). The Dictionary of Drugs: Chemical Data: Chemical Data, Structures and Bibliographies. Springer. pp. 876–. ISBN 978-1-4757-2085-3.
  3. ^ Patrick JE, Weintraub HS, McGuire JL (1978). "Disposition of ORF 9326, a novel contragestational steroid, in animals". Steroids. 32 (2): 147–56. PMID 102053.
  4. ^ Stanley R. Glasser; David W. Bullock (6 December 2012). Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Implantation. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 479–. ISBN 978-1-4613-3180-3.
  5. ^ [www.genome.jp]
  6. ^ a b Gerald I. Zatuchni; Miriam H. Labbok; John J. Sciarra (1980). Research frontiers in fertility regulation. Harper & Row. ISBN 978-0-06-142902-6. ORF 9326 (17 B-acetoxy-2-a-chloro-3-(p-nitrophenoxy)imino-5a-androstane) is a derivative of dihydrotestosterone (Fig. 33-1). This compound was found to interrupt pregnancy in a number of species, but the fact that it has no hormonal activity is puzzling and its mechanism of action is still unknown.