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Philippine Desserts Nilupak.jpg
Ube halaya - mashed purple yam (Philippines) 01.jpg
Nilupak na kamote (mashed sweet potato) - Philippines.jpg
Top: Nilupak na kamoteng kahoy made from mashed cassava;
Middle: Ube halaya made from mashed purple yam;
Bottom: Nilupak na kamote made from mashed sweet potato
Alternative namesNilusak, Halaya, Haleya
Place of originPhilippines

Nilupak, also known as nilusak, is a class of traditional Filipino delicacies made from mashed or pounded starchy foods mixed with coconut milk (or condensed milk and butter) and sugar. They are molded into various shapes and traditionally served on banana leaves with toppings of grated young coconut (buko), various nuts, cheese, butter, or margarine.[1][2][3][4]


The term nilupak means "mashed" or "pounded", from the Tagalog verb lupak, "to pound [into a pulp] (with a mortar and pestle)". It is also known as nilusak in Visayan regions with the same meaning.[5][6][7]

In Philippine Spanish, nilupak was known as jalea ("jam"), which became spelled as halaya, haleya, or halea in the native languages. This term is especially used for nilupak na ube, which is now more commonly known as ube halaya. Generally, however, the term nilupak is reserved for the variants made with mashed cassava or saba bananas. While the variants made from ube (purple yam) is known as halaya. Variants made from sweet potato and taro can be known as either halaya or nilupak. Regardless, nilupak and halaya are prepared identically, varying only in their main ingredients.[8][9][10]


Types of nilupak include the following:

  • Calabaza - known as halayang kalabasa, "squash halaya", or "pumpkin jam".
  • Cassava - known as nilupak na balinghoy or nilupak na kamoteng kahoy
  • Saba banana - known as nilupak na saging or nilupak na saba
  • Sweet potato - known as camote halaya, nilupak na camote, camote delight, or "sweet potato jam".
  • Taro corms - known as nilupak na gabi. A notable variant is binagol. It can also be mixed with ube to make nilupak na ube at gabi
  • Ube - known more commonly as ube halaya, "ube jam", or nilupak na ube

See also


  1. ^ "Nilupak". Kawaling Pinoy. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Nilupak Recipe". Panlasang Pinoy. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Nilupak Recipe (Mashed Cassava)". Recipe ni Juan. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Nilupak with Pili (Cassava with Pili Nuts) Recipe". Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Nilupak na Kamoteng Kahoy". Kitchen Delight a la Liza. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  6. ^ "Nilupak". Hapagkainan. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  7. ^ "Cheesey Nilupak de Balinghoy". Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  8. ^ "NILUPAK na UBE at GABI". Tagalog Kitchen. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  9. ^ "How to make Nilupak – Cassava-Coconut Rice Cakes". Asian in America. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  10. ^ "Nilupak Recipe". Pinoy Recipe At Iba Pa. Retrieved 23 April 2019.