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Location of Nilphamari in Bangladesh
|• Total||1,546.59 km2 (597.14 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC+6)|
Nilphamari (Bengali: নীলফামারী জেলা, Nilphamari Jela also Nilphamari Zila) is a district in Northern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Rangpur Division. It is 400 km from the capital Dhaka in north and west side. It has an area of 1,547 square kilometres (597 sq mi). Nilphamari is recently marked as education district as it has highest education level in Bangladesh. Nilphamari is bounded by Rangpur and Lalmonirhat in east, Rangpur and Dinajpur in south, Dinajpur and Panchagarh in west, Siliguri of India in north.
Previously Nilphamari was under Rajshahi division. The Nilphamari subdivision was established in 1875, Nilphamari was a subdivision of Rangpur District. It was turned into a district in 1984. The district consists of 3 municipalities, 33 wards, 65 mahallas, 62 union parishads, 390 mouzas and 370 villages.
The historical Tebhaga movement spread over Domar and Dimla of this district in the 1940s. Once indigo was cultivated extensively in this district. Syedpur is best known for its railway workshop. In 1870, the Assam-Bengal railway set up its largest workshop in Syedpur and many Biharis or Urdu-speakers came to work there. During the British rule the telephone exchange for the whole Assam-Bengal District was also situated in Syedpur. Even it was the largest city of Bangladesh after Dhaka and Chittagong. Syedpur had the first airport in north Bengal. There was a cantonment in British period also.
|Nilphamari Sadar (Bengali: নীলফামারী সদর)||347,051|
|Saidpur (Bengali: সৈয়দপুর alt. spelling: Syedpur)||246,201|
|Jaldhaka (Bengali: জলঢাকা)||233,885|
|Kishoreganj (Bengali: কিশোরগঞ্জ)||199,422|
|Domar (Bengali: ডোমার)||187,696|
|Dimla (Bengali: ডিমলা)||175,507|
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