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Nilphamari District

Nilphamari

নীলফামারী
Location of Nilphamari in Bangladesh
Location of Nilphamari in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 25°57′N 88°57′E / 25.95°N 88.95°E / 25.95; 88.95
Country Bangladesh
DivisionRangpur Division
Area
 • Total1,643.70 km2 (634.64 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total1,907,497
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Postal code
5300

Nilphamari (Bengali: নীলফামারী জেলা, Nilphamari Jela also Nilphamari Zila) is a district in Northern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Rangpur Division. It is about 400 kilometre from the capital Dhaka in north and west side. It has an area of 1,547 square kilometres (597 sq mi). Nilphamari is bounded by Rangpur and Lalmonirhat in east, Rangpur and Dinajpur in south, Dinajpur and Panchagarh in west, Siliguri of India in north.[1] There are many rivers in Nilpha,ari such as the Tista, Buritista, Isamoti, Jamuneshwari, Dhum, Kumlai, Charalkata, Sorbomongola, Salki, Chikli, Deonai and many more.[2]

Etymology

About 200 years ago, the British established farms for cultivating nil. The soil of this area was very fertile for nil cultivation. As a result, a lot of nil kuthi and nil khamar (farm) was built here compared to the other districts. It is wildly believed that the term "nil khamari" was derived from "nil khamar" by the local farmers. And then the word "Nilphamari" was derived from "Nil khamari". [3]

Demographics

Total population of Nilphamari district is 1,907,497. Total male population is 959,857 and total female population is 947,640. The density of population of this district is 1215/sq. km. 82.84% of the total population is muslim, 17.17% is hindu, 0.07% is christian, 0.02% is Buddhist and 0.1% others. [4]

History

Previously Nilphamari was under Rajshahi division. The Nilphamari subdivision was established in 1875,[5] Nilphamari was a subdivision of Rangpur District. It was turned into a district in 1984. The district consists of 3 municipalities, 33 wards, 65 mahallas, 62 union parishads, 390 mouzas and 370 villages.

Historical speciality

The historical Tebhaga movement spread over Domar and Dimla of this district in the 1940s. Once indigo was cultivated extensively in this district. Syedpur is best known for its railway workshop. In 1870, the Assam-Bengal railway set up its largest workshop in Syedpur and many Biharis or Urdu-speakers came to work there. During the British rule the telephone exchange for the whole Assam-Bengal District was also situated in Syedpur. Even it was the largest city of Bangladesh after Dhaka and Chittagong. Syedpur had the first airport in North Bengal. There was a Cantonment in British period also.[6]

Administration

Upazila (subdistrict) Population Male Female
Nilphamari Sadar (Bengali: নীলফামারী সদর) 435,165 219,080 216,082
Saidpur Upazila (Bengali: সৈয়দপুর alt. spelling: Syedpur) 265,461 134,737 131,724
Jaldhaka (Bengali: জলঢাকা) 341,672 171,466 169,206
Kishoreganj (Bengali: কিশোরগঞ্জ) 261,069 130,931 130,138
Domar (Bengali: ডোমার) 249,429 125,338 124,091
Dimla (Bengali: ডিমলা) 283,438 142,412 141,026
Total 1,834,231 922,964 911,267

Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (Census 2011).[7]

Economy

Nilphamari has an agriculture base economy. Nilphamari produces rice, wheat, potato, tobacco and many seasonal crops. The major occupation of the people is farming. Among the working population 45.28% are farmers, 27.81% are farm labourers, 3.42% are daily workers, 8.65% are businessmen, 6.07% are government and non-government employers, 8.77% have other occupations.[8]

Places of interest

  • Nilsagar Nilphamari : Nilsagar a famous historical dighi (big pond) which stands at Dhobadanga mauza of Gorgram union about 14 km southwest of Nilphamari district headquarters. During the reign of Raja Birat there were many cow farms at Gorgram. Raja Birat dug a large dighi named as Birat Dighi or Birna Dighi or Binna Dighi for the cows. After the independence of Bangladesh the dighi was renamed as Nilsagar. A Hindu mandir stands on the east bank and an abode of a Muslim darvesh on the west bank of the dighi. The area of the dighi is 21.449 ha and depth ranges from 7m to 12m. The entire dighi is surrounded by brick walls. The main decorated ghat of the dighi was made by Raja Birat. Every year the banks of the dighi are used as a village fair site especially during the occasion of Baruni Snan festival in full moon of the month of Baisakh. Usually in the fair the Harikirtan singers play music with many kinds of kirtan songs. Every year many tourists and various kinds of migratory birds come here. It is well known as a recreation zone and a picnic spot.[9]
  • The palace of Raja Harish Chandra (ninth century)
  • Garh (Fort) of Raja Dharmapal and his palace (eighteenth century)
  • Three domed Jami Mosque at Bherberi (eighteenth century)
  • Tomb of Hazrat Pir Mohiuddin (Kundupukur)
  • Dimla Rajbari[10]
  • Saidpur Airport
  • Railway Factory in Saidpur
  • Uttara Export Processing Zone
  • Teesta Barrage
  • Saidpur Church (1893)
  • Nat Settlement (prison, 1871)
  • Leprosy Hospital[6]
  • Chini Mosque

Education

The literacy rate of Nilphamari is 49.69% according to 2011 consensus. There are 940 primary schools, 295 high schools, 95 colleges, 2 government and 17 nongovernment technical institutes, 1 P.T.I, 115 dakhil madrasa, 24 alim madrasa, 14 fajil madrasa and one kamil madrasa in Nilphamari.

  • Nilphamari Government College
  • Nilphamari Government Mohila College
  • Nilphamari Government High School
  • Nilphamari Government Girls' School
  • Nilphamari technical school and college
  • Nilphamari teachers training college
  • collectorate public school & college, nilphamari
  • Domar Government College
  • Domar ML High School
  • Domar Women College
  • Domar Government Girls' School
  • Domar Balika Nikaton School
  • Domar Shohid Smrity Government Primary School
  • Saidpur College
  • Sonaray High School
  • Sonaray Dristi Nondon Govt. Primary School
  • Chhitmirganj Shalongram Fazil Madrasah

Transportation

Nilphamari has direct connection to Dhaka by bus and train. Trains available in Nilphamari are Nilsagor express, Borendro express, Titumir express, Rupsa express and Simanto express. Major bus agencies are Green line, Nabil travels, Shyamoli travels, Hanif travels, S.A. travels, Bablu travels, Agomoni travels and BRTC. There is also an airport in Nilphamari. [11]

Famous Person[12]

  • Mashiur Rahman (politician from Rangpur)(also known as Jadu Mia), Former Prime Minister of Bangladesh
  • Asaduzzaman Noor, Actor & Politician
  • Anisul Hoque, Journalist, writer & editor
  • Baby Naznin, Singer
  • Shah Kalandar, sufi and preacher of islam
  • Nabab Nurul Uddin, leader of the farmer rebel against the British government
  • Khairat Hosen, M.L.A, minister of food, fisheries and livestock of Pakistan from 1955 to 1957
  • Dabir Uddin Ahmed, language movement activist in 1952
  • Harlal Rai, folk singer
  • Mahesh Chandra Rai, singer, composer and song writer
  • Begum Lutfunnesa Abbas, writer.

References

  1. ^ "নীলফামারী" Retrieved 26 February 2013
  2. ^ "Rivers of Nilphamari". Bangladesh national portal.
  3. ^ "Background of Nilphamari". Bangladesh national portal.
  4. ^ "Nilphamari at a glance". Bangladesh national portal.
  5. ^ Abdus Sattar (2012). "Nilphamari District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  6. ^ a b "bangladeshtalks.com" Retrieved 26 February 2013
  7. ^ "District Statistics". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  8. ^ "Nilphamari at a glance". Bangladesh national portal.
  9. ^ Nilsagar from Banglapedia Retrieved 6 December 2014
  10. ^ Dimla in Banglapidea] Retrieved 6 December 2014
  11. ^ "Transport system of Nilphamari". Bangladesh National portal.
  12. ^ "Notable persons of Nilphamari". Bangladesh national portal.

Bayazid Amin (Represented BD u-15 & u-17 national cricket team)