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Location of Nilphamari in Bangladesh
|• Total||1,643.70 km2 (634.64 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+6 (BST)|
Nilphamari (Bengali: নীলফামারী জেলা, Nilphamari Jela also Nilphamari Zila) is a district in Northern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Rangpur Division. It is about 400 kilometre from the capital Dhaka in north and west side. It has an area of 1,547 square kilometres (597 sq mi). Nilphamari is bounded by Rangpur and Lalmonirhat in east, Rangpur and Dinajpur in south, Dinajpur and Panchagarh in west, Siliguri of India in north. There are many rivers in Nilpha,ari such as the Tista, Buritista, Isamoti, Jamuneshwari, Dhum, Kumlai, Charalkata, Sorbomongola, Salki, Chikli, Deonai and many more.
About 200 years ago, the British established farms for cultivating nil. The soil of this area was very fertile for nil cultivation. As a result, a lot of nil kuthi and nil khamar (farm) was built here compared to the other districts. It is wildly believed that the term "nil khamari" was derived from "nil khamar" by the local farmers. And then the word "Nilphamari" was derived from "Nil khamari". 
Total population of Nilphamari district is 1,907,497. Total male population is 959,857 and total female population is 947,640. The density of population of this district is 1215/sq. km. 82.84% of the total population is muslim, 17.17% is hindu, 0.07% is christian, 0.02% is Buddhist and 0.1% others. 
Previously Nilphamari was under Rajshahi division. The Nilphamari subdivision was established in 1875, Nilphamari was a subdivision of Rangpur District. It was turned into a district in 1984. The district consists of 3 municipalities, 33 wards, 65 mahallas, 62 union parishads, 390 mouzas and 370 villages.
The historical Tebhaga movement spread over Domar and Dimla of this district in the 1940s. Once indigo was cultivated extensively in this district. Syedpur is best known for its railway workshop. In 1870, the Assam-Bengal railway set up its largest workshop in Syedpur and many Biharis or Urdu-speakers came to work there. During the British rule the telephone exchange for the whole Assam-Bengal District was also situated in Syedpur. Even it was the largest city of Bangladesh after Dhaka and Chittagong. Syedpur had the first airport in North Bengal. There was a Cantonment in British period also.
|Nilphamari Sadar (Bengali: নীলফামারী সদর)||435,165||219,080||216,082|
|Saidpur Upazila (Bengali: সৈয়দপুর alt. spelling: Syedpur)||265,461||134,737||131,724|
|Jaldhaka (Bengali: জলঢাকা)||341,672||171,466||169,206|
|Kishoreganj (Bengali: কিশোরগঞ্জ)||261,069||130,931||130,138|
|Domar (Bengali: ডোমার)||249,429||125,338||124,091|
|Dimla (Bengali: ডিমলা)||283,438||142,412||141,026|
Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (Census 2011).
Nilphamari has an agriculture base economy. Nilphamari produces rice, wheat, potato, tobacco and many seasonal crops. The major occupation of the people is farming. Among the working population 45.28% are farmers, 27.81% are farm labourers, 3.42% are daily workers, 8.65% are businessmen, 6.07% are government and non-government employers, 8.77% have other occupations.
The literacy rate of Nilphamari is 49.69% according to 2011 consensus. There are 940 primary schools, 295 high schools, 95 colleges, 2 government and 17 nongovernment technical institutes, 1 P.T.I, 115 dakhil madrasa, 24 alim madrasa, 14 fajil madrasa and one kamil madrasa in Nilphamari.
Nilphamari has direct connection to Dhaka by bus and train. Trains available in Nilphamari are Nilsagor express, Borendro express, Titumir express, Rupsa express and Simanto express. Major bus agencies are Green line, Nabil travels, Shyamoli travels, Hanif travels, S.A. travels, Bablu travels, Agomoni travels and BRTC. There is also an airport in Nilphamari. 
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Bayazid Amin (Represented BD u-15 & u-17 national cricket team)