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USS Newport (LST-1179)
|Preceded by:||De Soto County-class tank landing ship|
|In commission:||1969–2002 (USN)|
|Type:||Tank Landing Ship|
|Length:||522 ft (159 m)|
|Beam:||70 ft (21 m)|
|Draft:||17.4 ft (5.3 m)|
|Speed:||Over 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)|
|Troops:||Approximately 400 Marines, when embarked|
|Complement:||14 officers, 210 enlisted|
Newport-class tank-landing ships are an improved class of tank-landing ship (LST) designed for the United States Navy. The ships were intended to provide substantial advantages over their World War II-era predecessors. Twenty were completed, of which twelve were eventually sold to foreign navies, while the remaining eight have since been decommissioned.
The Newport class has higher speeds and trimmer lines than the LSTs of World War II. The vessels have a huge inverted-U 35-ton capacity derrick used to extend and retract a bow ramp. The 110-foot (34 m) ramp has a 75-ton capacity.
The Newport class is the first amphibious ship to be fitted with an internal side propulsion unit located below the waterline near the bow. The bow thruster allows the bow to be pushed from side to side while the stern remains nearly stationary.
This class of LST also has a stern gate. It allows them to load and launch tracked Assault Amphibious Vehicles (AAV), and permits sterngate matings with Landing Craft Utility (LCU) units.
|Ship Name||Hull No.||Builder||USN Commission–
|Newport||LST-1179||Philadelphia Naval Shipyard||1969–1992||Sold to Mexican Navy as Papaloapan (ARM A-411)|||
|Manitowoc||LST-1180||Philadelphia Naval Shipyard||1970–1993||Sold to Republic of China Navy as Chong ho (LST-232)|||
|Sumter||LST-1181||Philadelphia Naval Shipyard||1970–1993||Sold to Republic of China Navy as ChongPing (LST-233)|||
|Fresno||LST-1182||National Steel & SB||1969–1993||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2014-09-15|||
|Peoria||LST-1183||National Steel & SB||1970–1994||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2004-12-07|||
|Frederick||LST-1184||National Steel & SB||1970–2002||Sold to Mexican Navy as Usumacinta (ARM A-412), 2002-11-22|||
|Schenectady||LST-1185||National Steel & SB||1970–1993||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2004-11-23|||
|Cayuga||LST-1186||National Steel & SB||1970–1994||Sold to Brazilian Navy as NDCC Mattoso Maia (G-28)|||
|Tuscaloosa||LST-1187||National Steel & SB||1970–1993||Sunk as target, 2014-07.|||
|Saginaw||LST-1188||National Steel & SB||1971–1994||Sold to Royal Australian Navy as HMAS Kanimbla, 1994-2011|||
|San Bernardino||LST-1189||National Steel & SB||1971–1995||Sold to Chilean Navy to as Valdivia (LST 93), decommissioned in 2010.|||
|Boulder||LST-1190||National Steel & SB||1971–1994||Awaiting disposal at Philadelphia.|||
|Racine||LST-1191||National Steel & SB||1971–1993||Awaiting disposal at Pearl Harbor.|||
|Spartanburg County||LST-1192||National Steel & SB||1971–1994||Sold to Royal Malaysian Navy as KD Sri Indera Pura (A-1505), decommissioned in 2010 following a 2009 fire|||
|Fairfax County||LST-1193||National Steel & SB||1971–1994||Sold to Royal Australian Navy as HMAS Manoora, 1994-2011|||
|La Moure County||LST-1194||National Steel & SB||1971–2000||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2001-07-10|||
|Barbour County||LST-1195||National Steel & SB||1972–1992||Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2004-04-06|||
|Harlan County||LST-1196||National Steel & SB||1972–1995||Sold to Spanish Navy as Pizarro (L-42), decommissioned in 2012|||
|Barnstable County||LST-1197||National Steel & SB||1972–1994||Sold to Spanish Navy as Hernán Cortés (L-41), decommissioned in 2009|||
|Bristol County||LST-1198||National Steel & SB||1972–1994||Sold to Moroccan Navy as Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah (407)|||
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