|Newark–World Trade Center|
PA5 # 5648 boarding passengers at Newark Penn Station.
|System||Port Authority Trans-Hudson|
|Locale||Newark / Hudson County, New Jersey and Manhattan, New York|
World Trade Center (east)
|Daily ridership||2,000 (2018)|
|Opened||September 6, 1910|
|Owner||Port Authority of New York and New Jersey|
|Operator(s)||Port Authority Trans-Hudson Corporation|
|Character||Elevated, surface and underground|
|Line length||8.9 miles (14.3 km)|
|Number of tracks||1,4-5|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
Newark–World Trade Center is a rapid transit service operated by the Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH). It is colored red on the PATH service map and trains on this service display red marker lights. This service operates from Pennsylvania Station in Newark, New Jersey, by way of the Downtown Hudson Tubes to the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York. Operating 24 hours a day, the 8.9-mile (14.3 km) trip takes 22.5 minutes to complete.
Much of the service's Newark-Jersey City leg is in very close proximity to the Northeast Corridor used by Amtrak intercity trains and NJ Transit commuter trains; the route crosses over the Newark Dock Bridge used by intercity and commuter trains traveling between Newark and New York. For these reasons, PATH is legally reckoned as a commuter railroad under the jurisdiction of the Federal Railroad Administration even though it has long operated as a rapid transit system. PATH also uses one bridge operated by Amtrak, the Dock Bridge near Newark Penn Station. This is the only PATH route with significant above-ground sections; the Newark-Jersey City leg operates on elevated track, in open cuts, or at grade level.
The Newark-World Trade Center service originated as the Grove Street–Hudson Terminal service operated by the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad (H&M). It started operating between Grove Street in Jersey City, New Jersey and Hudson Terminal in Manhattan, beginning September 6, 1910.:3 The line was extended to Manhattan Transfer in Harrison on October 1, 1911, and then to Park Place in Newark on November 26 of that year. A stop at Summit Avenue (now Journal Square), located between Grove Street and Manhattan Transfer, opened on April 14, 1912, as an infill station on the Newark-Hudson Terminal line.:7 Another infill station at Harrison opened on March 6, 1913.
In June 1937, the branch to Park Place Station was closed, and the Newark–Hudson Terminal line was rerouted to Newark Penn Station. The Manhattan Transfer station was also closed, and the Harrison station was relocated.
The H&M was succeeded by Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) in 1962. The Hudson Terminal station was replaced by the World Trade Center station in 1971 during construction of the World Trade Center.
On April 29, 1996, three trains began running express on the Newark–World Trade Center service, cutting running time by 3.5 minutes. On October 27, 1996, express Newark–World Trade Center service was made permanent.
When the World Trade Center station was destroyed in the September 11 attacks, which also required the closing of Exchange Place, service on the Newark–World Trade Center line had to be changed. On weekdays, trains ran between either Newark Penn Station and 33rd Street or Hoboken Terminal. On weekends, trains ran between Newark Penn Station and 33rd Street with Hoboken Terminal as an interim stop. Express service was suspended indefinitely. During overnight hours daily, trains ran between Newark and 33rd Street via Hoboken and was the only branch operating on PATH during those times. When Exchange Place reopened on June 29, 2003, service ran between Newark and that station daily around the clock. Service to World Trade Center was restored on November 23 when the temporary station opened. However, the express service was never restored.
After Hurricane Sandy flooded the PATH system in October 2012, service on the line was suspended. For most of November, trains ran between Newark Penn Station and 33rd Street. The Journal Square–33rd Street line was temporarily extended to cover service on the Newark–World Trade Center line. Limited weekday-only service on the line was resumed on November 26, 2012, but full service would not be restored until early 2013. Starting on January 5, 2019, service on the Newark–World Trade Center line between Exchange Place and World Trade Center was to be suspended during almost all weekends through at least 2020 for Sandy-related repairs to the Downtown Hudson Tubes except on holiday weekends. Passengers wanting to travel to New York City from Newark during this time must transfer to the Journal Square–33rd Street (via Hoboken) service at either Journal Square or Grove Street.
In June 2019, the Port Authority released the PATH Improvement Plan. As part of the plan, every train on the NWK–WTC route will consist of 9-car trains, and the Port Authority would study proposals to extend NWK–WTC trainsets to 10 cars. To accomplish this, the platform at Grove Street will be extended at the Marin Blvd. end of the station. The train lengthenings, combined with the installation of communications-based train control and the delivery of additional rolling stock, could increase NWK–WTC capacity by up to 40%.
On February 4, 2014, the Port Authority proposed a 10-year capital plan that included an extension of PATH three miles (4.8 km) southwest from Newark Penn Station to Newark Liberty International Airport, after a nearly two-year study. The Board of Commissioners approved the Capital Plan, including the airport extension, on February 19, 2014. Plans call for the extension to follow the existing Northeast Corridor Line used by Amtrak and NJ Transit to the Newark Liberty International Airport station, where passengers can connect to the AirTrain Newark airport monorail system.
|Newark Penn Station||Newark, NJ||Amtrak, NJ Transit Rail, Newark Light Rail|
NJ Transit Bus, ONE Bus
|Harrison||Harrison, NJ||NJT Bus|
|Journal Square Transportation Center||Jersey City, NJ||, |
NJ Transit Bus, R&T Bus, A&C Bus
|Grove Street||, |
NJ Transit Bus, R&T Bus, A&C Bus
|Exchange Place||Hudson-Bergen Light Rail, |
NJ Transit Bus, A&C Bus
|World Trade Center||New York, NY||1, 2, 3, 4, 5, A, C, E, J, N, R, W, and Z trains, |
NYCT Bus, MTA Bus