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The phrase "New World crops" is usually used to describe crops that were native to North and South America before 1492 and not found anywhere else in the world at that time. Many of these crops have since come to be grown around the world and have often become an integral part of various old world cultures' cuisines.
|Cereals||Little barley, maize (corn), maygrass, wild rice|
|Pseudocereals||Amaranth, knotweed, goosefoot (quinoa), sunflower, chia|
|Beans||Common bean, lima bean, peanut, scarlet runner bean, tepary bean|
|Fiber||Agave, yucca, long-staple and upland cotton|
|Roots and Tubers||Arracacha, arrowroot, jicama, Camas root, hopniss, leren, manioc (yuca, cassava), mashua or cubio, oca, potato, sweet potato, ulluco, yacon, sunroot|
|Fruits||Açaí, acerola, avocado, blueberry, cashew (cashew apple), cherimoya, Cocoa bean, cranberry, curuba, feijoa, granadilla or lulo, guava (guayaba), huckleberry, jabuticaba, jerivá, jurubeba, macaúba, papaya, pawpaw, passionfruit, peppers, persimmon (American), pineapple, pitanga, pitaya, prickly pear, soursop, commercial strawberries, sugar-apple, tomato, tomatillo, tucum|
|Melons||Chayote, squashes (including pumpkins)|
|Nuts||American chestnut, Araucaria, black walnut, Brazil nut, cashew, hickory, pecan, shagbark hickory|
|Other||Achiote (annatto), balsam of Peru, canna, chicle (key ingredient in chewing gum), coca, cocoa, cochineal (red dye), guaraná, logwood, maple syrup, poinsettia, rubber, tobacco, vanilla, yerba mate|
The new world developed agriculture about 1500 years after it was first practiced in part of the Fertile Crescent in the Middle East. The following table illustrates the crops that were grown and the chronology of domestication.
|8000 BC||Squash||Oaxaca, Mexico|
|8000-5000 BC||Potato||Peruvian Andes|
|6000-4000 BC||Peppers||Oaxaca, Mexico|
|5700 BC||Maize||Guerrero, Mexico|
|5500 BC||Peanut||South America|
|4000 BC||Common bean||Central America|
|3400 BC||Cotton||Tehuacan Valley, Mexico|
|1500 BC||Sweet potato||Altiplano Cundiboyacense, Colombia|