The New Guinea Council was a unicameral representative body formed in the Dutch colony of Netherlands New Guinea in 1961. The council was inaugurated on 5 April 1961 with 28 council members, 16 of whom had been elected in elections held during January 1961.
The council was requested to make its wishes on self-determination known within a year, but on 18 October 1961 received news of a United States effort to involve the United Nations in a new colonization of the territory[disputed ]. During an emergency session the council drafted a national manifesto and symbols including the Morning Star flag for a new national identity to be known as "West Papua".
J.H.F. Sollewijn Gelpke was Council Chairman and J. W. Trouw was Clerk of the Council.
A council building was built in Hollandia from 1960 to 1961 and used until the abolition of the council in 1962.