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New Data Seal

New Data Seal
General
First published 1975
Derived from Lucifer
Cipher detail
Key sizes 2048 bits
Block sizes 128 bits
Structure Feistel network
Rounds 16
Best public cryptanalysis
Grossman & Tuckerman's slide attack uses at most 212 chosen plaintexts

In cryptography, New Data Seal (NDS) is a block cipher that was designed at IBM in 1975, based on the Lucifer algorithm that became DES.

The cipher uses a block size of 128 bits, and a very large key size of 2048 bits. Like DES it has a 16-round Feistel network structure. The round function uses two fixed 4×4-bit S-boxes, chosen to be non-affine. The key is also treated as an 8×8-bit lookup table, using the first bit of each of the 8 bytes of the half-block as input. The nth bit of the output of this table determines whether or not the two nibbles of the nth byte are swapped after S-box substitution. All rounds use the same table. Each round function ends with a fixed permutation of all 64 bits, preventing the cipher from being broken down and analyzed as a system of simpler independent subciphers.

In 1977, Edna Grossman and Bryant Tuckerman cryptanalyzed NDS using the first known slide attack. This method uses no more than 4096 chosen plaintexts; in their best trial they recovered the key with only 556 chosen plaintexts.

References

  • Henry Beker & Fred Piper (1982). Cipher Systems: The Protection of Communications. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 263–267. ISBN 0-471-89192-4. 
  • D.C. Hankerson; Gary Hoffman; D.A. Leonard; Charles C. Lindner; K.T. Phelps; Christopher A. Rodger; J.R. Wall (2000). Coding Theory and Cryptography: The Essentials (2nd ed.). CRC Press. pp. 240–242. ISBN 0-8247-0465-7.