This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.
|Nelson Mandela Bay|
Location in the Eastern Cape
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Athol Trollip (DA)|
|• Total||1,959 km2 (756 sq mi)|
|• Density||590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||60.1%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||SAST (UTC+2)|
Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality (Afrikaans: Nelson Mandelabaai Metropolitaanse Munisipaliteit) is one of eight Metropolitan (or Category A) municipalities in South Africa. It is located on the shores of Algoa Bay in the Eastern Cape province, and comprises the city of Port Elizabeth, the nearby towns of Uitenhage and Despatch, and the surrounding rural area.
In 2001, the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality was formed as an administrative area covering Port Elizabeth, the neighbouring towns of Uitenhage and Despatch and the surrounding agricultural areas.
According to the 2009 edition of the municipality's 2006–2011 Integrated Development Plan, manufacturing is the single largest contributor to the local economy (33%), followed by community services (27%). Tourism represents a key sector of the economy that has increasingly contributed to job creation in recent years, thanks in large part to the municipality's seaside location and its abundance of unspoiled beaches, of which four carry Blue Flag status.
100% of households have access to a source of water within a 200 m radius. 91% of households have access to a basic level of sanitation. 100% of households within the urban boundary have access to a basic level of solid waste removal, and 97% of households in formally demarcated municipal residential areas have access to a basic level of electricity. The municipality has 41 permanent and satellite clinics, 13 mobile clinics, eight hospitals, 22 libraries, 31 community and municipal halls, 79 sports facilities, 19 beaches, 18 pools, 273 schools, one university (the Nelson Mandela University), four technical colleges and two Further Education and Training institutions.
The municipal council consists of one hundred and twenty members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Sixty councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in sixty wards, while the remaining sixty are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received.
The council was dominated by the African National Congress (ANC) since its inception in 2000 until 2016. In the most recent election on 3 August 2016, the ANC lost its majority and the Democratic Alliance (DA) became the biggest party with 57 seats. This was however 4 seats short of a majority. On 17 August 2016, the DA announced a coalition government with the African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP), the Congress of the People (COPE), and the United Democratic Movement (UDM). The following table shows the results of the election.
|African National Congress||153,496||157,920||311,416||40.9||35||15||50|
|Economic Freedom Fighters||19,819||19,132||38,951||5.1||1||5||6|
|United Democratic Movement||7,600||6,969||14,569||1.9||0||2||2|
|African Independent Congress||1,078||6,144||7,222||1.0||0||1||1|
|United Front of the Eastern Cape||4,133||3,048||7,181||0.9||0||1||1|
|Congress of the People||2,929||2,658||5,587||0.7||0||1||1|
|African Christian Democratic Party||1,399||1,313||2,712||0.4||0||1||1|
|Freedom Front Plus||976||941||1,917||0.3||0||0||0|
|Christian Democratic Party||1,254||133||1,386||0.2||0||0||0|
|Pan Africanist Congress||447||862||1,309||0.2||0||0||0|
|African People's Convention||142||591||733||0.1||0||0||0|
|Independent Civic Organisation||256||467||723||0.1||0||0||0|
|Azanian People's Organisation||303||358||661||0.1||0||0||0|
|African Power Movement||150||96||246||0.0||0||0||0|
|Building a Cohesive Society||123||111||234||0.0||0||0||0|
|Place||Code||Area (km2)||Population||Most spoken language|
|Blue Horizon Bay||27503||2.74||409||Afrikaans|
|Remainder of the municipality||27515||1,328.77||21,281||Xhosa|