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|Near-close central unrounded vowel|
|IPA Number||317 430|
|Unicode (hex)||U+026A U+0308|
The near-close central unrounded vowel, or near-high central unrounded vowel, is a vowel sound used in some spoken languages. The International Phonetic Alphabet can represent this sound in a number of ways (see the box on the right), but the most common symbols are ⟨ɨ̞⟩ (lowered [ɨ]) and ⟨ɪ̈⟩ (centralized [ɪ]). Other possible transcriptions are ⟨ɪ̠⟩ (retracted [ɪ]) and ⟨ɘ̝⟩ (raised [ɘ]), with the latter symbol being the least common. The X-SAMPA equivalents are, respectively,
In many British dictionaries, this vowel has been transcribed ⟨ɪ⟩, which captures its height; in the American tradition it is more often ⟨ɨ⟩, which captures its centrality, or ⟨ᵻ⟩, which captures both. ⟨ᵻ⟩ is also used in a number of other publications, such as Accents of English by John C. Wells. In the third edition of the Oxford English Dictionary, ⟨ᵻ⟩ represents free variation between /ɪ/ and /ə/.
Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded
Note: Because ⟨ɪ⟩ is commonly used for the close-mid near-front unrounded vowel (see near-close front unrounded vowel), some of the vowels transcribed with ⟨ɪ̈⟩ can be actually close-mid as well. See close-mid central unrounded vowel.
|Amharic||ሥር||[sɨ̞r]||'root'||Often transcribed in IPA with ⟨ɨ⟩.|
|Berber||Central Atlas Tamazight||[orthographic form?]||[χdɪ̈m]||'to work'||Epenthetically inserted into consonant clusters before labial and coronal consonants.|
|English||Inland Southern American||good||[ɡɪ̈d]||'good'||Corresponds to [ʊ] in other dialects. See English phonology|
|Southeastern English||May be rounded [ʊ̈] instead; it corresponds to [ʊ] in other dialects. See English phonology|
|London||lip||[lɪ̈ʔp]||'lip'||Possible realization of /ɪ/.|
|South African||[lɪ̈p]||For some speakers it can be equal to [ə]. General and Broad varieties of SAE have an allophonic variation, with [ɪ] ([i] in Broad) occurring near velar and palatal consonants, and [ɪ̈~ə] elsewhere. See South African English phonology|
|Southern American||Allophone of /ɪ/ before labial consonants, sometimes also in other environments.|
|Irish||Munster||goirt||[ɡɨ̞ɾˠtʲ]||'salty'||Allophone of /ɪ/ between broad consonants. See Irish phonology|
|Ulster||[example needed]||Allophone of /ɪ/.|
|Mah Meri||[d͡ʑäbɨ̞ʔ͡k̚]||'to be drunk'|
|Mapudungun||müṉa||[mɘ̝ˈn̪ɐ̝]||'male cousin on father's side'||Unstressed allophone of /ɘ/.|
|Russian||кожа||[ˈkʷo̞ʐ̺ɨ̞]||'skin'||Occurs only after unpalatalized consonants and in unstressed syllables. See Russian phonology|
|Sema||sü||[ʃɨ̞̀]||'to hurt'||Also described as close [ɨ].|
|Tera||vur||[vɨ̞r]||'to give'||Allophone of /ɨ/ in closed syllables.|
|Turkish||Standard||acı||[äˈd͡ʒɨ̞]||'pain'||Allophone of /ɯ/ in final open syllable of a phrase. See Turkish phonology|
|Welsh||Northern dialects||pump||[pɨ̞mp]||'five'||Merges with /ɪ/ in southern dialects. See Welsh phonology|