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National conservatism

National conservatism is a variant of conservatism that concentrates more on national interests and upholding cultural or ethnic identity than most other conservatives.[1] In Europe, national conservatives are usually Eurosceptics.[2][3] National conservatism shares characteristics with traditionalist conservatism and social conservatism given how the 3 variations focus on preservation and tradition. As national conservatism seeks to preserve national interests, traditional conservatism emphasizes ancestral institutions and social conservatism.[4][5][6] National-conservative parties often have roots in environments with a rural, traditionalist or peripheral basis, contrasting with the more urban support base of liberal-conservative parties.[7]

Most conservative parties in post-communist Central and Southeastern Europe since 1989 have been national conservative.[8]

Ideology

Social policies

National conservative parties are "socially traditional"[2] and support the traditional family and social stability.[9] According to the Austrian political scientist Sieglinde Rosenberger, "national conservatism praises the family as a home and a center of identity, solidarity and emotion."[9] Many national conservatives are thus social conservatives, as well as in favor of limiting immigration and enacting law-and-order policies.[2]

Economic policies

National conservative parties in different countries do not necessarily share a common position on economic policy: their views may range from support of a planned economy to a centrist mixed economy to a laissez-faire approach.[1] In the first, more common, case, national conservatives can be distinguished from liberal conservatives,[10] for whom free market economic policies, deregulation and tight spending are the main priorities. Some commentators have indeed identified a growing gap between national and economic liberal conservatism: "most parties of the Right [today] are run by economically liberal conservatives who, in varying degrees, have marginalized social, cultural, and national conservatives."[10]

List of national conservative political parties

Current national conservative parties or parties with national conservative factions

The following political parties have been characterised as national conservative, at least as one of their ideological influences.

Former national conservative parties or parties with national conservative factions

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Mandal 2007, p. 306.
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  9. ^ a b Rosenberger, Sieglinde, Europe is swinging towards the right - What are the effects on women?, University of Vienna, 2002. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  10. ^ a b National Questions, National Review, Vol. 49, Issue 12, 30 June 1997, pp. 16-17
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Books

Mandal, U.C. (2007). Dictionary Of Public Administration. Sarup & Sons. ISBN 978-8-1762-5784-8.