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National Taiwan University

National Taiwan University
國立臺灣大學
National Taiwan University seal.svg
Seal of the National Taiwan University
Former names
Taihoku Imperial University
Motto 敦品勵學,愛國愛人 Dūnpǐn Lìxué, àiguó àirén
Motto in English
Integrity, Diligence, Fidelity, Compassion[1]
Type Public (National)
Established Founded 1928[a]
Reorganized 1945
President Tei-Wei Kuo (zh) (interim)
Academic staff
2,068 (2015)
Students 31,758 (2016)
Undergraduates 16,499 (2016)
Postgraduates 15,284 (2016)
Location Taipei City, Taiwan
25°00′58″N 121°32′10″E / 25.016°N 121.536°E / 25.016; 121.536
Campus Urban,
1.6 km2 (0.62 sq mi) (Greater Taipei combined);
344 km2 (133 sq mi) (Nantou County combined)
Colors Maroon and gold         [2]
Affiliations APRU, AEARU, ASAIHL
AACSB-Accredited
EUTW, National Taiwan University System, Global research & industry alliance (Gloria)of Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China, Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities
Website www.ntu.edu.tw/english
National Taiwan University logo.svg
National Taiwan University
Traditional Chinese 國立臺灣大學
Simplified Chinese 国立台湾大学
Taihoku Imperial University
Traditional Chinese 臺北帝國大學
Simplified Chinese 台北帝国大学

National Taiwan University (NTU; Chinese: 國立臺灣大學; pinyin: Guólì Táiwān Dàxué; colloquially, 台大; Táidà)[b] is a national university in Taipei City, Taiwan. NTU is the most prestigious comprehensive university in Taiwan and one of the top ranked universities in the world, it consists of 11 colleges, 54 departments, 107 graduate institutes, four research centers and a school of professional education and continuing studies.[3][4]

The University was founded in 1928 during Japanese rule as one of the Imperial Universities, the Taihoku Imperial University. It is older than Imperial Osaka University and Nagoya University. After World War II, Taiwan's government assumed the administration of the university, reorganizing and renaming it National Taiwan University on November 15, 1945.[5]

Notable alumni include Tsai Ing-Wen, the current President of the Republic of China, former presidents Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian and Ma Ying-jeou, and Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate Yuan T. Lee. NTU is affiliated with National Taiwan Normal University and National Taiwan University of Science and Technology as part of the NTU System.

In 2016, there were 16,499 undergraduate and 15,284 graduate students.

History

NTU Central Administration Building

National Taiwan University has its origins in the Taihoku Imperial University (Japanese: 臺北帝國大學, Hepburn: Taihoku Teikoku Daigaku) founded in 1928 during Japanese rule as a member of the imperial university system administered by the Empire of Japan.[5]

The school's first president was Taira Shidehara (ja). The Taihoku Imperial University began with a Faculty of Liberal Arts and Law and a Faculty of Science and Agriculture serving 60 students. The University was intended mainly for Japanese nationals; few Taiwanese students were admitted. The Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Engineering were added in 1935 and 1943, respectively.[5]

After World War II, the Republic of China (Taiwan) government reorganized the school as an institution for Chinese-speaking students. The school was renamed National Taiwan University on 15 November 1945 and Lo Tsung-lo was appointed as its president. The Literature and Politics division was divided into the College of Liberal Arts and the College of Law. Additionally, colleges of Science, Medicine, Engineering and Agriculture were established. Initially, there were six colleges with 22 departments. In 1945, student enrollment was 585.[5]

In 1960, the night school was initiated on a trial basis, and in 1967 a new night school was established. In 1987, the College of Management was established, followed by the College of Public Health in 1993 and the College of Electrical Engineering in 1997. The College of Electrical Engineering was later reorganized as the College of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering. In 1999, the College of Law was renamed the College of Social Sciences, and the Night Division and the Center for Continuing Education were combined to form the School for Professional and Continuing Studies. In 2002, the College of Agriculture was renamed the College of Bio-resources and Agriculture, and in 2002 a College of Life Sciences was added.

Campuses

A lake in the main campus

NTU has a main campus in Da'an District, Taipei City and has additional campuses in Taipei, New Taipei City, Hsinchu County, Yunlin County, and Nantou County. The main campus is home to most college department buildings and administrative buildings. The University governs farms, forests, and hospitals for education and research purposes.

The five campuses are:

Other university property

Organization

The original building housing National Taiwan University Hospital in Taipei

The University has 11 colleges, with 54 departments and 107 graduate institutes, plus four university-level research centers. The total number of students, including those enrolled at the School of Professional and Continuing Studies, has grown to over 33,000, including over 17,000 university students and 15,000 graduate students.

The president heads the University. Each college is headed by a dean, and each department by a chairman. Students elect their own representatives each year to attend administrative meetings.

University presidents

National Taiwan University

  • Tei-Wei Kuo (zh) (interim) Jan 2018
  • Yang Pan-Chyr (zh): June 2013 – June 2017
  • Lee Si-Chen : August 2005 – June 2013
  • Chen Wei-Jao (zh): August 1993 – June 2005
  • Kou Guang-hsiung (zh): March 1993 – July 1993
  • Sun Chen (zh): August 1984 – February 1993
  • Yu Chao-chung (zh): August 1981 – July 1984
  • Yen Cheng-hsing: June 1970 – July 1981
  • Chien Szu-liang: January 1951 – May 1970
  • Shen Kang-po (zh): December 1950 – January 1951
  • Fu Szu-nien: January 1949 – December 1950
  • Chuang Chang-kung (zh): June 1948 – December 1948
  • Lu Chih-houng: August 1946 – May 1948
  • Lo Tsung-lo: August 1945 – July 1946

Taihoku Imperial University

  • Kazuo Ando (安藤一雄): March 1945 – August 1945
  • Masatsugu Ando (ja): April 1941 – March 1945
  • Sadanori Mita (ja): September 1937 – April 1941
  • Taira Shidehara (ja): March 1928 – September 1937

Kuan Chung-ming Controversy

Kuan Chung-ming was named university president-elect in January 2018 but soon became embroiled in scandals related to plagiarism, academic misconduct, and violations of civil code stipulating that Taiwanese public servants were not permitted to deliver lectures or to be involved in any mainland China-related academic domain due to Taiwanese security concerns. Tei-Wei Kuo is serving as the interim president of the university[6] while the appointment of the president-elect is undergoing legal investigation.[7][8]

Academics

The University comprises 11 colleges: Liberal Arts, Engineering, Science, Social Sciences, Law, Bio-Resources & Agriculture, Management, Public Health, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, Medicine, and Life Science.[9] NTU offers bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and doctorate degrees in many disciplines.

NTU requires most of its undergraduate students to take a mandatory core curriculum, comprising Chinese, freshman English, physical education, and public service. The medical school in addition dictates each of its students to take philosophy and sociology classes as well as seminars in ethics and thanatology. Military training is no longer an obligatory course for male students, but it is a prerequisite if they plan to apply to become officers during their compulsory military service.

Students are able to select courses offered by any of the colleges; however, compulsory subjects designated for each major needs to be completed to be awarded a degree. A student must declare a major during college application, some majors are more competitive than others and require a higher national examination score. In recent years, medicine, electrical engineering, law, and finance have been the most selective majors. Most majors take four years to complete while the dental and the medical degree take six and seven years to finish, respectively.

The International Chinese Language Program (ICLP), founded by Stanford University, is located at National Taiwan University.[10]

NTU is a member of the Association of Pacific Rim Universities and the Association of East Asian Research Universities.[11][12]

NTU also participates in several programs of the Taiwan International Graduate Program of Academia Sinica, Taiwan's most preeminent academic research institution.

University rankings

University rankings
Global
ARWU World[13] 150–200
Times World[15] 198
QS World[14] 72
Regional
Times Asia[17] 26
QS Asia[16] 25

National Taiwan University is widely considered the best university in Taiwan.

The QS World University Rankings (2018) placed it at 72nd worldwide and 25th in Asia.[18] Meanwhile, NTU ranked 198th in the world (2018) and 26th in Asia (2018) in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings.[19] CWUR placed NTU 53rd in the world and 1st in Taiwan in 2016.[20] U.S. News & World Report, in its 2017 ranking of Best Global Universities, ranked NTU 144th (tied) in the world and 14th in Asia.[21] With other peering references of academic ranking, NTU also releases NTU World Universities ranking annually on the Double Ten Day, the National Holiday of Republic of China.[22]

The individual subject rankings from QS rankings in 2018 [23] were: 19th in Engineering & Technology, 25th in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 31st in Natural Sciences, 34th in Physics and Astronomy, 38th in Social Policy & Administration, 43rd in Computer Science and Information Systems and 48th in Accounting and Finance.

Alumni

Yuan T. Lee received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Ma Ying-jeou, former president of the ROC

NTU has produced many notable alumni. Tsai Ing-Wen, the current President of the Republic of China (Taiwan), as well as former presidents Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian and Ma Ying-jeou, all graduated from NTU. Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate Yuan T. Lee received his Bachelor of Science from the University. Many NTU electrical engineering graduates have gone on to build global companies, including Quanta Computer's Barry Lam, Mediatek's Tsai Ming-kai and Garmin's Min Kao.

Notes

  1. ^ as Taihoku Imperial University
  2. ^ The name of the university is translated using Chinese word order. By English grammar rules, it would be Taiwan National University or National University of Taiwan.

See also

Alliance

References

  1. ^ "University Motto". National Taiwan University. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "NTU at a Glance". National Taiwan University. Retrieved 15 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Office of International Affairs, NTU". National Taiwan University. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  4. ^ [giving.ntu.edu.tw]
  5. ^ a b c d "About NTU"
  6. ^ "歷任校長姓名與任期 - 臺大校史 - 認識臺大 - 國立臺灣大學". www.ntu.edu.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-04-26. 
  7. ^ "管中閔案 台大遴委會:校長遴選不受行政程序法約束" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-04-26. 
  8. ^ "未利益迴避? 管爺:上任前辭營利職 - 生活 - 自由時報電子報". Retrieved 2018-04-26. 
  9. ^ "Colleges & Departments - Academics - National Taiwan University". National Taiwan University. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "About ICLP". ICLP of National Taiwan University. Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  11. ^ "Member Universities - National Taiwan University". Association of Pacific Rim Universities. Retrieved 28 July 2018. 
  12. ^ "17 Members". The Association of East Asian Research Universities. Retrieved 28 July 2018. 
  13. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2018
  14. ^ 2019 QS World University Rankings
  15. ^ Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2018
  16. ^ 2018 QS Asian University Rankings
  17. ^ Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings 2018
  18. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2018". Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  19. ^ "Times Higher Education World University Rankings". 
  20. ^ "National Taiwan University Ranking CWUR 2016". Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  21. ^ "National Taiwan University in Taiwan US News Best Global Universities". Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  22. ^ [nturanking.lis.ntu.edu.tw]
  23. ^ "National Taiwan University Rankings by Subjects". 

External links