The National Institute of Statistics (Romanian: Institutul Naţional de Statistică (INS)) is a Romanian government agency which is responsible for collecting national statistics, in fields such as geography, the economy, demographics and society. The institute is also responsible for conducting Romania's census every ten years, with the latest census being organised in 2011.
The head of the NIS is currently Tudorel Andrei, while the three vice-presidents are:
Marian Chivu, in charge of national accounts and the dissemination of statistical information
Romania's first official statistics body was the Central Office for Administrative Statistics (Oficiului Central de Statistică Administrativă), established on July 12, 1859, under the reign of Alexandru Ioan Cuza. The organisation, one of the first national statistics organisations in Europe, conducted its first public census between 1859 and 1860.
The Romanian national statistics organisation was known under various names throughout the country's history, as can be seen in the table below:
|English name||Romanian name||Period|
|Central Office for Administrative Statistics||Oficiul Central de Statistică Administrativă||1859-1892|
|State Directorate for General Statistics||Direcţia de Statistică Generală a Statului||1892-1925|
|State Institute for General Statistics||Institutul de Statistica Generală a Statului||1925-1936|
|Central Institute of Statistics||Institutul Central de Statistică||1936-1951|
|Central Directorate of Statistics||Direcţia Centrală de Statistică||1951-1989|
|National Commission for Statistics||Comisia Naţională pentru Statistică||1989-1998|
|National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies||Institutul Naţional de Statistică şi Studii Economice||1998-2001|
|National Institute of Statistics||Institutul Naţional de Statistică||2001-present|