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National Council of Administration

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The National Council of Administration (Spanish: Consejo Nacional de Administración) was part of the executive power in Uruguay between 1919 and 1933, ruling alongside the President of the Republic.[1]

The colegiado system was proposed by President José Batlle y Ordóñez during his second term in office, with the aim of creating an executive body similar to the Swiss Federal Council.[1] Batlle had been opposed to the presidential system, believing that a collegiate body would lower the risk of a dictatorship emerging.[1] Although the proposal was unsuccessful in 1916, Batlle negotiated a compromise with the National Party to include the system in a new constitution approved in a 1917 referendum.[1]

The compromise provided for a President and a nine-member National Council of Administration, which consisted of six members of the winning party and also three from the second party.[1] The President was responsible for foreign affairs, national security and agriculture, whilst the NCA oversaw the budget, education, healthcare, industry, industrial relations, labour, livestock and public works.[1] As the National Council of Administration had a Chairman distinct from the President, making Uruguay the second Latin american country, after Peru, to have a Prime Minister with the adoption of the 1917 constitution.

Although the new system worked well in its early years, in the early 1930s a series of conflicts involving the Council and the President led to a presidential coup by Gabriel Terra in 1933. A new constitution was drawn up, which abolished the National Council of Administration.[1]

Presidents of the National Council

Notable visitors

  • In December 1928, US President-elect Herbert Hoover addressed the National Council of Administration during his trip through Latin America.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g The Constitution Library of Congress Country Studies
  2. ^ Hoover, Herbert (1974). "Supplement IV - Addresses During a Trip to Central and South America". Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Herbert Hoover. 1. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office. pp. 615–642. Archived from the original on August 3, 2016. Retrieved May 31, 2016.