|Nasal palatal approximant|
The nasal palatal approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some oral languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨j̃⟩, that is, a j with a tilde. The equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is
j~, and in the Americanist phonetic notation it is ⟨ỹ⟩.
The nasal palatal approximant is sometimes called a nasal yod; [j̃] and [w̃] may be called nasal glides.
Features of the nasal palatal approximant:
[j̃], written ny, is a common realization of /j/ before nasal vowels in many languages of West Africa that do not have a phonemic distinction between voiced nasal and oral stops, such as Ewe and Bini.
|Hindustani||संयम / sanyama||[səj̃jəm]||'patience'|
|Kaingang||[j̃ũ]||'brave'||Possible word-initial realization of /j/ before a nasal vowel.|
|Lombard||bisògn de||[biˈzɔj̃ d̪e]||'need for (sth)'|
|Portuguese||Brazilian||sonho||[ˈsõj̃ʊ]||'dream'||Allophone of /ɲ/ between vowels, nasalizes the preceding vowel. Language's original /ɲ/ sound. See Portuguese phonology|
|Most dialects||cães||[kɐ̃j̃s]||'dogs'||Allophone of /j/ after nasal vowels.|
|Some dialects||me ame!||[ˈmj̃ɐ̃mi]||'love me!'||Non-syllabic allophone of /i/ between nasal sounds.|
|Shipibo||[example needed]||Allophone of /j/ after nasal vowels.|