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Narayanganj District

Narayanganj District
নারায়ণগঞ্জ জেলা
District
Location of Narayanganj District in Bangladesh
Location of Narayanganj District in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°36′N 90°30′E / 23.60°N 90.50°E / 23.60; 90.50
Country Bangladesh
DivisionDhaka Division
Area
 • Total759 km2 (293 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total2,948,217
 • Density3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Postal code1400

Narayanganj District (Bengali: নারায়ণগঞ্জ জেলা pronounced: Naraeongônj Jela) is a district in central Bangladesh, part of the Dhaka Division.[1] The anicient city of Sonargan is in Naryanganj . Its located in the bank of Meghna and Shytolkha River . The main centre of the disatrict is Naryanganj City . Its adjuncts with is capital city of Dhaka. Narayanganj is one of the oldest industrial District of Bangladesh. It is also a center of business and industry, especially the jute trade and processing plants, and the textile sector of the country. It is nicknamed the Dundee of Bangladesh due to the presence of many jute mills. Dundee was the first industrialised "Juteopolis" in the world. It is number one district for economy of Bangladesh.[citation needed]

History

Named after Bicon Lal Pandey, a Hindu religious leader who was also known as Benur Thakur or Lakhsmi Narayan Thakur.[clarification needed] Pandey acquired ownership of the region from the British East India Company in 1766 after the Battle of Plassey. He declared the marketplaces on the banks of the Shitalakshya river as endowed property to pay for expenses for the worship of the God Narayan. Subsequently, the region was named Narayanganj.[1][not in citation given]

Important developments
  • The post office was established in 1866.
  • The Narayanganj municipality was officially founded on 8 September 1876.
  • Dhaka–Narayanganj telegraph service was set up in 1877.
  • Telephony was introduced by the Bank of Bengal in 1882.

Narayanganj became a district (Bengali: জেলা pronounced: Jela) on 15 February 1984. Formerly, it was a subdistrict (Bengali: উপজেলা pronounced: upojela) of the Dhaka district. It grew in importance in the seventeenth and eighteenth century, due to the influx of the Portuguese and the English. The first to develop was the west bank of Shitalakshya. Narayanganj only became important in the nineteenth century, when the Rally Brothers started a company exporting jute to the west in 1830, aided by a company from Assam. By 1908, 18 European companies, and two Indian companies were trading in jute from Calcutta.[1]

From 1947, with the formation of Pakistan, the economy transformed from being mainly a jute production to include jute milling.[2] This followed the establishment of a number of mills in and around Narayanganj that gave the local economy a great boost.

Administrative areas

Narayanganj Zila consists of 5 upazilas (Narayanganj Sadar, Bandor, Rupganj, Sonargaon and Araihazar), subdivided into 47 unions and 827 mauzas. The areas and populations (at the 2011 Census) of the upazillas are:

    • Araihazar Upazila 181.07 km2 376,550
    • Sonargaon Upazila 171.67 km2 400,358
    • Bandar Upazila 54.39 km2 312,841
    • Narayanganj Sadar Upazila 100.74 km2 1,323,600
    • Rupganj Upazila 176.48 km2 534,868
  • Total Narayanganj Zila 684.37 km2 2,948,217

There are also 7 police stations here, which are: Narayanganj Sadar, Bandor, Fatulla, Siddhirganj, Rupganj, Sonargaon and Araihazar. All the upazilas have more or less similar characteristics.

Administration

  • Chairman of Zila Porishod: Anwar Hossain
  • Deputy Commissioner (DC): Rabbi Miah
  • Chairman Of Bandar Upazila: Ataur Rahman Mukul

Subdistricts/Upazilas

Internal map of Narayanganj District with Bengali text.
No. Upazila Union Mouza Village Area
1 Narayanganj Sadar Upazila 10 55 100.75 km2
2 Sonargaon Upazila 11 352 171.66 km2
3 Bandar Upazila 05 90 55.84 km2
4 Araihazar Upazila 12 184 183.5 km2
5 Rupganj Upazila 09 146 247.95 km2

Economy

The district pioneered in merchandising yarn and dyeing items. The cottage industry, like weaving, is abundant in this district. International trading, import and export business, shipyard brickfield, etc. create employment opportunities to the people which facilitate additional income to the household population. The small and medium industries of cotton are increasing day-by-day which fills the employment aids of the local people. The rural economy of Narayanganj is agriculture. According to Bangladesh Bank, the district is ranked third in nation in terms of gross national income (GNI) and possession of wealth.Now a day Network marketing is the best position in here.So its increased day by day.

Religion

The district of Narayanganj has 3080 mosques, 269 temples, 10 churches and 4 Buddhist temples.

Places of interest

The ancient city of Sonargaon was the capital of Isa Khan, a medieval ruler of Bengal. Sonargaon is also famous for producing muslin, a delicate and fine cloth made from cotton. The Dhaka-Narayanganj-Demra (DND) embankment surrounds Narayanganj district and protects it from flooding. Shaira Garden near Nazimuddin Bhuiyan Degree College at madanpur.

  • The Bangladesh Engineering and Ship Building Corporation at Sonakanda on the east bank of the Shitalakshya River, established in 1925.

Flora and fauna

Flora

Almost the whole of Narayanganj district lies on the meander flood plain. Most of this area is now flooded only by rain-water. Only minor areas near the Lakhya. Old Brahmaputra, Meghan, Shitalakha and Dhaleswari river are affected by river water and receive fresh silt deposits. A wide variety of soils occurs in this district.

Fauna

Mammals

Mammals that are commonly seen in the district are Indian pipistrelle (Pipistrellus coromandra).

Birds

The most common birds of the district include doel, salik, crow and duck.

Fish

In the river, canal, beels, and ponds there are various kinds of fish, but because of water pollution, it is very hard to see fish in the river.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Bhuiyan, Mokammal H (2012). "Narayanganj District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  2. ^ Islam, Mufakharul (2012). "Jute Industry". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.