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Mytchett

Mytchett
Mytchett is located in Surrey
Mytchett
Mytchett
Mytchett shown within Surrey
Area4.26 km2 (1.64 sq mi)
Population4,624 (2011 Census)[1]
• Density1,085/km2 (2,810/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSU888557 (centre)
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCamberley
Postcode districtGU16
Dialling code01252
PoliceSurrey
FireSurrey
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Surrey
51°17′39″N 0°43′36″W / 51.2943°N 0.7268°W / 51.2943; -0.7268

Mytchett /mɪɪt/ is a small suburban village in Surrey, 30 miles (48 km) west-southwest of Charing Cross, London (geodesically) and centred 2 miles (3 km) east of the town centre of Farnborough, Hampshire.

Geography

The settlement commences at the foot of the heath known as the upper Bagshot Formation where it forms sandy and occasionally peat bog or marsh depressions, ridges and plains. The heath gives rise to the name of the wider borough and sprouts patches of gorse, heather, pines and silver birches; it has been officially recognised as Pirbright and Ash Commons, part of a Special Area of Conservation which spills over in the north into Chobham Common and in the south to Thursley Common, totalling 5,154 hectares (20 sq mi).[2]

Mytchett forms an eastern flank of the Farnborough/Aldershot Built-up Area, a conurbation straddling a small part of the two counties mentioned (Surrey and Hampshire) and Berkshire.[3]

The village including small parks, sports grounds and schools spans more than 1 mile (1.6 km) north to south. It is bounded to the north by the South Western Main Line, to the east by the Basingstoke Canal and west by the River Blackwater—its maximum width is 34 mile (1.2 km).

The crossroads has been the location of a main community centre since the late 1980s hosting clubs in sports and leisure. It has indoor sports facilities and accommodates two full-size football pitches and other training pitches.[4] Within visibility of the centre is the Tamu Nepalese Community Centre to the south founded by the locally numerous British Nepalese community. The village has shops12 mile north of this point, on a direct road to Frimley Green and Frimley. The nearest Post Office is Frimley Green post office since a complete change to grocery retail in June 2012.

Demography

The population of all usual residents rose from the 2001 to the 2011 census from 4,616 to 4,624.[1]

History

Extract from Map of Surrey, Ordnance Survey, 1871–1882 showing the south and centre of the present area of Mytchett. Mytchett was almost entirely agricultural or (barren) heath.

The area was squarely in the middle of the very long north-south parish of Ash for about a millennium—from at least 1000 AD until 1866 when Mytchett became the south of the new parish of Frimley, itself formerly a chapelry occupying the northern half, or more, of Ash.[5]

The Frimley parent area as to vestry administration and people's parish identity covered "the western side of Chobham Ridges, and extend[ed] down into the valley of the Blackwater, which bounds the county. The soil is, therefore, Bagshot sand and alluvium, with patches of gravel and large beds of peat. In the latter conifers and rhododendrons flourish exceedingly. The Heatherside Nurseries, where are some of the finest Wellingtonias in England, may be taken as the typical industry of the neighbourhood, which is otherwise a residential district, or occupied by those connected with Aldershot, the Staff College, which is in the parish, and Sandhurst which lies just outside it. A very great part of the parish was open land, heather-covered, before...1801. Much of it is still uncultivated."[6]

North of the area the Royal Albert Orphan Asylum was built in 1864. It had in 1911 about two hundred resident boys and girls; a farm was attached to it. A national school was built in 1842 and enlarged in 1897.[6]

At the close of the agrarian age, an Inclosure Act (Ash and Frimley) in 1801 made large inclosures of "waste" (unproductive land with its own somewhat communal legal characteristics), but reserves certain rights of fuel (peat turf) to the inhabitants.[6] The final common fields were inclosed under an Act passed in 1826.[6]

A village arose in about the 1900s at Mytchett Crossroads at what was the edge of Michet Farm. The area is shown undeveloped in maps of the late 19th century. Almost wholly residential with associated common public amenities, especially in sports, Mytchett has mainly been built since the 1930s. Pace of building has been relatively gradual; many houses have been substantially altered and extended.

Detainment of Rudolf Hess

On 20 May 1941 Rudolf Hess was transported from the Tower of London to Camp Z which was at Mytchett Place. This had been specially set up for his arrival with heavy security and bugging devices. Hess spent 13 months at Camp Z, which was the scene for one of his suicide attempts; he had thrown himself off a balcony on 15 June 1941.

The June 1942 move from Mytchett Place was to become notable following the release of MI5 files in 1999. Previously unfounded rumours had claimed that Hess was moved because intelligence reports indicated that a Polish group was planning to break into the Camp Z, kidnap Hess, and beat or kill him by way of revenge for Nazi atrocities in Poland. The MI5 files included a reference to reports of a gun battle between Polish soldiers and guards at Mytchett, although no precise details were given, so the link is not conclusive.[7]

Transport

Roads and buses

Mytchett is close to junctions with an arterial road, the A331 Blackwater Valley Route (a trunk road maintained by Highways England) which connects to the motorway network. Buses are half-hourly to Farnborough, Aldershot in the west, and in the north: Camberley. The bus with most buses per day is numbered 3, which runs from Yateley via Camberley, Mytchett and Ash to Aldershot twice per hour.[8]

Trains

London rail services (toward the end of a branch line) run from Ash Vale station which is a mean 0.7 miles (1.1 km) walking distance—it has half-hourly trains direct to Waterloo. The next closest railway stations are North Camp and Farnborough North on the North Downs Line which have trains to Reading and Guildford. Farnborough (Main) on the South Western Main Line has fast and semi-fast services to Basingstoke and Waterloo is at 3 miles (4.8 km), linked by bus, path or pavement.

References

  1. ^ a b "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics, E01030782 : Surrey Heath 012A, E01030783 : Surrey Heath 012B, E01030785 : Surrey Heath 012D. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  2. ^ [jncc.defra.gov.uk]
  3. ^ "2011 Census - Usual resident population". ONS. 2013-02-12. Retrieved 2016-02-25.
  4. ^ [themytchettcentre.co.uk]
  5. ^ 'The hundred of Woking: Introduction and map', in A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3, ed. H E Malden (London, 1911), p. 339. British History Online [www.british-history.ac.uk]
  6. ^ a b c d 'Parishes: Ash ', in A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3, ed. H E Malden (London, 1911), pp. 340–344. British History Online [www.british-history.ac.uk]
  7. ^ Secret Scotland
  8. ^ Stagecoach bus timetable - Bus 3 - Yateley to

External links