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Mysian language

Extinct1st century BC
Language codes
ISO 639-3yms

The Mysian language was spoken by Mysians inhabiting Mysia in north-west Anatolia.

Little is known about the Mysian language. Strabo noted that their language was, "in a way, a mixture of the Lydian and Phrygian languages".[2] As such, the Mysian language could be a language of the Anatolian group. However, a passage in Athenaeus suggests that the Mysian language was akin to the barely attested Paeonian language of Paeonia, north of Macedon.

A short inscription that could be in Mysian and which dates from between the 5th and 3rd centuries BC was found in Üyücek village in the Tavşanlı district of Kütahya province, and seems to include Indo-European words.[3][4] However, it is uncertain whether the inscription renders a text in the Mysian language or if it is simply a Phrygian dialect from the region of Mysia.[citation needed][5]

Friedrich's reading:


Latin transliteration:

likes : braterais : patrizi : isk

The words "braterais patrizi isk" have been proposed to mean something like "for brothers and fathers",[6] while Likes is most probably a personal name.[7]

See also


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mysian". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Strabo. "Geography, Book XII, Chapter 8". LacusCurtius.
  3. ^ Epigraphical database: "Native 'Mysian' inscription" Check |url= value (help). Packard Humanities Institute.
  4. ^ Woudhuizen, Fred. C. (1993). "Old Phrygian: Some Texts and Relations". The Journal of Indo-European Studies. 21: 1–25.
  5. ^ Cox, C. W. M., and A. Cameron. "A native inscription from the Myso-Phrygian Borderland", Klio 25, 25: 34-49, doi: []
  6. ^ Blažek, Václav. “Indo-European kinship terms in *-ə̯2TER.” (2001). p. 24.
  7. ^ See J. Friedrich, Kleinasiatische Sprachdenkmäler, 140–141.

External links

Titus texts:"Mysian" inscriptions
Palaeolexicon entry for the word ΠΑΤΡΙΖΙ
Palaeolexicon entry for the word ΒΡΑΤΕΡΑΙΣ