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Musabaqah Tilawatil Quran (Arabic: مسابقة تلاوة القران, abbreviated as MTQ) is an Indonesian Islamic religious festival held at national level, aimed at glorification of the Qur'an. On this festival, participants compete at reciting Al-Qur'an employing qira'at (specific methodology for recitation).
MTQ has been held in Indonesia since the 1940s following the founding of Jami'iyyatul Qurro wal Huffadz (Organization of Recitation and Memorization) by Nahdlatul Ulama, the largest Islamic mass organization in Indonesia. However at this stage the event was confined within regional level.
Since 1968, when the Minister of Religious Affairs K.H. Muhammad Dahlan (one of the leaders of the Nahdlatul Ulama Executive Board) held the event, MTQ has been instituted nationally. The first national level MTQ was held in Makassar in the month of Ramadan in 1968. At the time it only conducted adult recitations. The second MTQ was held in Banjarmasin in 1969. In 1970 the third MTQ was held in Jakarta with a very lively event. Some of the famed qaris (reciters) were discovered during these events.
MTQ has been held 23 times as of 2014. Banten will host the 24th National MTQ in 2014. Today, the subject for competition is not only limited to recitation but also includes speech and Islamic calligraphy.
MTQ is also organized within certain agencies. MTQ Wartawan for journalists is held regularly every three years and will enter the fifth game in 2008. MTQ Pertamina, held within Pertamina, the Indonesian state-owned oil and gas company, had stalled since 1980. MTQ Telkom under the name MAN (Musabawah Al-Quran Nasional), held within Telkom Indonesia, the largest telecommunications service company, will hold its 2008 game in Banda Aceh, making it the eighth festival.