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Mori Bawah language

Mori Bawah
Native toIndonesia
Native speakers
(28,000 with Mori Atas cited 1988)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3xmz

Mori Bawah, also known as Lower Mori or East Mori, is an Austronesian language of the Celebic branch. It is one of the principal languages of the Morowali Regency in Central Sulawesi.


Mori Bawah is classified as a member of the Bungku-Tolaki group of languages, and shares its closest affinities with Bungku and other languages of the eastern seaboard of Sulawesi, such as Wawonii and Kulisusu.[3] Together, Mori Bawah and the Mori Atas language are sometimes referred to collectively by the cover term ‘Mori’.


Mori Bawah comprises several dialects. Following Esser, five dialects can be regarded as principal.[4]

  • Tinompo
  • Tiu
  • Moiki
  • Watu
  • Karunsi’e

The Tinompo dialect is highest in prestige. Tinompo was the dialect spoken by the indigenous royal class, and in the first half of the twentieth century it was further promoted by colonial authorities as a standard throughout the Mori area, including for Mori Atas and Padoe.


  1. ^ Mori Bawah at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mori Bawah". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Mead, David. 1998. Proto-Bungku-Tolaki: Reconstruction of its phonology and aspects of its morphosyntax. (PhD dissertation, Rice University, 1998), p. 117.
  4. ^ Esser, S. J. Phonology and Morphology of Mori, translated from the Dutch version of 1927-1933 (Dallas: SIL, 2011), pp. 2 ff.