Jigar Moradabadi Gate in Moradabad
|Nickname(s): Brass City|
|Founded by||Rustam Khan|
|Named for||Murad Baksh|
|• MP||Kunwar Sarvesh Kumar Singh (BJP)|
|• Mayor||Mrs. Beena Agrawal (BJP)|
|• District Magistrate||Zuher bin Sagheer|
|• Total||3,493 km2 (1,349 sq mi)|
|Elevation||198 m (650 ft)|
|• Density||250/km2 (660/sq mi)|
|• Official||Hindi, Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Moradabad ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a city, commissionary, and a municipal corporation in Moradabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It was established in 1625A.D. by Rustam Khan and is named after prince Murad Baksh, the son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan.
Moradabad is situated on the banks of the Ramganga river, at a distance of 167 km (104 mi) from the national capital, New Delhi and 344 km north-west of the state capital Lucknow. The city is known as Pital Nagri, ("Brass City") for its famous brass handicrafts industry. It is also divisional headquarters of Northern Railway (NR).
- Background Of Moradabad Brass Cluster
- Special Economic Zone
- Existing Clusters of Micro & Small Enterprise
- Notable people
- Places to Visit
- Noise Levels
- Ground Water
- Cropping Pattern
- See also
Moradabad was established as an office for the Chaupala pargana during emperor Akbar's regime. In AD 1624 it was captured by Rustam Khan, the then Governor of Sambhal who named it Rustam Nagar. Later, in AD 1625 its named was changed to Moradabad, after the name of prince Murad Baksh, the son of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. A mosque named Jama Masjid was constructed in the city by Rustam Khan for the Mughal Emperor.
According to the 2011 census Moradabad district has a population of 887,871, roughly equal to the nation of Singapore or the US state of Alabama. This gives it a ranking of 26th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,284 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,330/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.25%. In 2011 a new district named Sambhal district is formed with two sub districts of Moradabad district. The rest of Moradabad district have a population of 3126507.The Muslim population in rest of Moradabad district is 1588297. Moradabad has a sex ratio of 903 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 58.67%.
Schools in Moradabad, whether using English or Hindi as a medium of instruction, are affiliated to either of the four bodies, Central Board of Secondary Education (C.B.S.E.), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (C.I.S.C.E), University of Cambridge International Examinations and Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad (U.P. Board).
- Springfields College.
- Modern Public School
- Hewett Muslim Inter college.
- St Paul's School.
- S.S Children Academy
- P.M.S. Senior Secondary School
- K. C. M. Senior Secondary School
- St. Mary Senior Secondary School
- Bonny Annie Public School
- Wilsonia Senior Secondary School
- Adam & Eve's Senior Secondary School
- R. S. D. Senior Secondary School
- S.S.Inter college
- Tiny tots college
- Gandhi Nagar Public School.
- The G.K Welhams College
- Muslima Girls Inter College
- Falah E Darain Punjabi Inter College
- Mak Public School
- Cresent Public School
- St. Amtuls Public School
- Shri Sai Public School
- Aryan International School
- CL Gupta World School
- Expression International School
- Golden Gate Global School
- Krishna International School
- Summer Valley School
Higher Education institutions in Moradabad
- Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and Research Center
- State K.G.K. Homeopathic Medical College & Hospital
- Kothiwal Dental College and Research Center
- Moradabad Institute of Technology
- Krishna Institute of Management and Technology
- Kothiwal Institute of Technology and Professional Studies
- Maa Gayatri Institute of Technology
- Radha Govind Institute of Technology
Other Degree colleges
- Hindu College
- Wilsonia Degree College
- RSD Academy Degree College
- Kedar Nath Girdharilal Khatri PG College
- Dayananda Kanya Degreee College
- Muslim Degree College
- Muslima Girls Degree College ( Founded by Mohammad Aslam Shamsi 1951-2014 )
Police Training Academy
Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar Police Academy, Uttar Pradesh is situated in the heart of Moradabad city. Indian Police Services Officer and State Police Service officer of UP cadre and Uttrakhand Cadre are trained here before appointment. The Police Training College was earlier Known as Police Training School (PTS), established in Allahabad in 1878 under an Assistant Superintendent of Police. It was shifted to Moradabad in 1901.The Police Academy is headed by the Director General of Police (Training) who sits in Moradabad. Now Shri Udayan Parmar IPS is Director of this Academy as of June 2010. The Police Academy has two other Police colleges under its administration i.e. Police Training College and Police Training School former is used to train Police officer of the Rank of Inspector, Sub-Inspector and later is used to train head constables and Constable.
Beside above Inspector-General of Police, western zone, PAC also sits in Moradabad. Moradabad has Battalion headquarters of 9/23/24 Bn. of U.P. Provincial Armed Constabulary, also have their offices here. Moradabad is the largest Police establishment of U.P. Police after Lucknow.
Moradabad is a major industrial city and export hub. Its handicrafts industry accounts for more than 40% of total handicraft exports from India. In 2006-2007, Moradabad's export turnover was ₹32 billion ($530 millions). In 2012-2013 it increased to ₹40 billion ($667 millions).
In October 2014, Livemint included Moradabad in its list of "25 Emerging Cities To Watch Out For In 2025".
Background Of Moradabad Brass Cluster
The genesis of brassware production in India can be traced back to the Moghuls from Persia in the 17th century who settled in Delhi. Indian brass handicraft is recognized globally. The articles include brass artware, furniture, brass figurines, giftware, decorative and other collectible items. Moradabad is home to one of the oldest brassware clusters in India and is also called 'Peetal Nagri', meaning Brass City. The cluster has an annual turnover of Rs 3,500 crore of which exports stand at approximately Rs 2,700 crore which in turn is approximately 20% of the total handicraft exports from India.According to local industry estimates, there are 1,200 registered exporters who outsource work orders to small scale manufacturing units who, in turn, employ the artisans. In some instances, the 1 Diagnostic Study of Moradabad art metalware cluster, prepared by IL&FS for NInC, 2008 exporters work directly with the artisans. The number of exporters has gone up to 1,200 from 850, a 150% increase from earlier. Of these only 4-5 exporters have an annual turnover of Rs 20 crore or more.The cluster consists of 1,800 small scale manufacturing units, locally called karkh anedars,and 25,000 unregistered household units. In 2008-09, these units together employed 3,60,000 people. According local industry exporters, the number has now come down to around 1,80,000 artisans. AUNIDO report indicates that in 2001 Moradabad exported Rs 4,000-crore worth of brassware. In 2006, the exports dropped to Rs 3,000 crore. Due to various challenges discussed in later sections, currently only Rs 2,200-crore worth of various metal alloy products are being exported, of which brassware constitutes Rs 800 crore.
Special Economic Zone
Moradabad Special Economic Zone (SEZ) the only Uttar Pradesh Government Developed SEZ in northern India, headed by the Development Commissioner, Noida SEZ and locally governed by the Asststant Development Commissioner, was set up in 2003 at Pakbara – Dingarpur Road in Moradabad on a 421.565 acre plot of land. Government of UP through UPSIDC Limited being developers to this SEZ project has so far invested a sum of Rs. 1100 million on its development. Moradabad SEZ provides excellent infrastructure, supportive services and sector specific facilities for the Handicraft Trade. Proximity to Delhi/ NCR and availability of skilled and dedicated manpower makes it ideal for setting up various industries in Handicrafts & its allied filed. Moradabad SEZ was operationalized since April, 2007 when it started with only one unit, however till today in spite of global slowdown in the handicraft trade for past four years; this zone has now 22 operational Units. Moradabad SEZ has 465 developed plots of varying sizes. Future expansion of this has been strategically planned and soon it will be available for few more export sectors. Infrastructure, supportive services and trade related facilities have been substantially upgraded during the last few years. Moradabad SEZ offers access to global telecommunication network, uninterrupted power supply and efficient local transport system. An ultra modern RSU Telephone Exchange has been installed in the Zone, besides the availability of all the mobile frequencies in and around the zone through various mobile communication towers. An independent feeder line has since been provided for uninterrupted power supply, the reliability and quality of power supply has improved with the pre-commissioned 32 / 11 KVA / 5.0 MVA  Power Sub-station within Moradabad SEZ. Proximity to Delhi/ NCR provides easy access to financial and commercial infrastructure of the capital. Customs Wing ensures prompt and on the spot clearances of export/import consignments through web based system called "sezonline".
Existing Clusters of Micro & Small Enterprise
Moradabad is renowned for brass work and has carved a niche for itself in the handicraft industry through out the world. The modern, attractive, and artistic brass ware, jewelry and trophies made by skilled artisans are the main crafts. The attractive brass ware is exported to countries like USA, Britain, Canada, Germany and Middle East Asia. There are about 600 export units and 5000 industries in the district. Moradabad exports goods worth Rs. 2200 crore every year. Recently other products like Iron Sheet Metal wares, Aluminum Artworks and Glassware's have also been included as per need of the foreign Buyers. Mentha is also exported in several crores from Moradabad. These products are very popular in foreign market and are being exported in thousand of crores every year. Due to increase of exports and popularity in foreign especially in Europe, America, Italy and other countries, a large No. of exporters are establishing their units and started their export. Out of the seven industrial corridors declared by the State Govt. in Industrial Policy 1999-2002, Moradabad is one of them.
Moradabad has many super specialty hospitals and Nursing homes, apart from these hospitals it hub of name sake doctors for various treatments.
- Asian Vivekanand Super Specialty Hospital
- Cosmos Hospital
- Kothiwal General Hospital
- Shri Sai Hospital Multy Specialty Hospital
- Teerthanker Mahaveer Super Specialty Hospital
- Govt. District Hospital
- Muskan Nursing Home
- Dental College
- Subham Nursing Home
- Vardan Nursing Home
- Dr Rizwan Clinic
- Dr S.T. Hasan
- Dr. Arvind Mohan
Following National Highways and State Highways are Connected with Moradabad:
- National Highway 24- Connects New Delhi to Lucknow via Ghaziabad, Bareilly and Sitapur. It is four lane between Moradabad to New Delhi, and Under Construction of Four lane between Moradabad to Lucknow
- National Highway 509- Also known as National Highway 93, connects Moradabad with Agra via Chandausi, Aligarh and Hathras.
- State Highway 43- Connects Moradabad with historical city of Badaun, which is 102 km and Farrukhabad, 210 km via Bisauli. It also extends to Kanpur.
- State Highway 49- Connects Moradabad with Haridwar which merge into SH78 at Dhampur.
- State Highway 76- Connects Moradabad with Bijnor via Noorpur
- State Highway 78- Connects Moradabad with Amroha via Pakbara
- MDR65 W- Connects Moradabad with Kashipur via Thakurdwara
- Moradabad-Sambhal four lane highway.
Major Roads in the Town:
- Kanth Road
- Sambhal Road
- Delhi Road
- Rampur Road
- GMD Road
- Court Road
- Prince Road
- Idgah Road
- Station Road
- Thakurdwara Road
Moradabad railway station is one of the Major Railway Stations of Indian Railways, it comes under top hundred railway stations of India. It lies on Lucknow-Moradabad line, Delhi-Moradabad line and Moradabad-Ambala line. More than 200 trains pass through and stop at Moradabad Railway Station. It is direct connected by trains with major cities like Delhi, Lucknow, Kanpur Agra, Aligarh, Ghaziabad, Jaipur, Jodhpur Haridwar, Dehradun, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Ambala, Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Kolkata, Jamshedpur, Varansi, Ahemedabad, Patna etc. Shatabdi Express, Rajdhani Express, Garib Rath Express and many Super fast, mail and passenger trains stop at Moradabad. Moradabad is called inter-change station due to 5 line junction.
Amenities Moradabad raailway station is categeory 'A' railway station. It has a Tourist Information Centre, Post Office, telegrapgh office, General Railway Police Office, computerised reservation counters, retiring room, vegetarian and non vegetarian refreshment room, tea stall and book stall. It also has the Tatkal seat Booking counter.
Electrification Electrification of the 636 km (395 mi) long Mughasarai-Moradabad line was completed in 2013.Many trains on Ambala and Lucknow line run with electric locomotives (including Freight trains) Electrification of Delhi-Moradabad line is under progress and expected to be completed by December 2015. Being one of important section of the Northern Railways, Indian railway has given this project a high priority.
Electrification of 135 km line between Ghaziabad - Moradabad is complete as of 31-03-2015. CRS's detailed inspection of GZB-MB section Electrification completed successfully on 19-01-2015.
Major Distances from Moradabad
- Delhi 168 km.
- Lucknow 357 km.
- Aligarh 136 km.
- Rampur 28 km.
- Haridwar 152 km.
- Bareilly 92 km.
- Nanital 132 km.
- Meerut 117 km.
- Ghaziabad 141 km.
- Saharanpur 205 km.
Moradabad Airport is in under construction, Nearest working domestic Airport is Pantnagar Airport which is 86 km from Moradabad and Nearest International Airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi which is 178 km from Moradabad.
- Manoj Kumar Chauhan
- Ali Sikandar, aka Jigar Moradabadi
- Hullad Moradabadi
- Piyush Chawla
- Ponty Chadha
- Robert Vadra
- Sufi Amba Prasad
- Arun Lal
- Javed Jaffrey
Ram-Ganga River is situated at the banks of Moradabad which originates from Doodhatoli ranges & is a part of Namik Glacier. The Ram-Ganga River flows to south west from Kumaun Himalaya. It is a tributary of the river Ganges, originates from the high altitude zone of 800m-900m. Ram-Ganga flows by the Corbett National Park near Ramnagar of Nainital district from where it descends upon the plains. The Ramganga Dam crosses the river at Kalagarh for irrigation and hydroelectric generation.
Moradabad has many times suffered from the floods by this Ram-Ganga river.
Places to Visit
Some popular places to visit in Mordadabad are:
- Jama Masjid
- Westend Mall (Wave)
- Ritu Wears
- TMU Cricket Stadium
- Kanth Road
- Kali Mata Mandir Lalbagh
- Sai Temple - Sai Baba of Shirdi
- Prem Wonderland & Prem Water Kingdom
- Bartan Bazaar
- Mandi Chowk (All Brassware Items)
Following table shows the noise levels(db) in Residential, Commercial, Industrial and Silent Zone of different parts in Moradabad.
Residential Zone Table 1: Noise Level (dB) in Residential Zone
|CPCB New Delhi, Standard for noise||55||45|
Commercial Zone Table 2: Noise Level (dB) in Commercial Zone
|CPCB New Delhi, Standard for noise||65||55|
Industrial Zone Table 2: Noise Level (dB) in Industrial Zone
|CPCB New Delhi, Standard for noise||65||55|
Silent Zone Table 2: Noise Level (dB) in Silent Zone
|CPCB New Delhi, Standard for noise||50||40|
Ground Water depends upon the pH,T.D.S., Total Hardness, Turbidity, Alkalinity. Here are Moradabad's Groundwater ranges.
pH pH value of ground water samples in the study area varied between 6.1 to 8.5. They were found to be well within the permissible limits of 6.5-8.5 as per the WHO standards. T.D.S. The total dissolved solids (TDS) values of sampling area varied from 920–1970 mg/L which are within the permissible limits of WHO (500–2000 mg/L). High levels of TDS are usually found to be unsatisfactory for bathing and washing.
Total Hardness The hardness of water is produced by the bicarbonates, sulphates and chlorides of the Ca2+ and Mg2+ salts. The recommended value of total hardness is 300–600 mg/L. The graphs showed that the range of TH was between 320 to 546 mg/L.
Turbidity The turbidity in the present area of study was found to be between 5-9 NTU. It was well within the prescribed standards of 5-10 NTU
Total Alkalinity Alkalinity value in water indicates the presence of natural salts in water. The alkalinity is mainly due to the bicarbonates. In the present study the alkalinity ranged from 210–600 mg/L. The alkalinity values are under the reasonable limit of 200 –600 mg/L as per WHO standards (1993).
Chlorides The range of Cl- concentration is 280 mg/L to 950 mg/L. The water samples have concentration of Cl- higher than 250 mg/L but it is not more than 1000 mg/L as per the standards.
The principal crops in the Moradabad district are: (i) wheat, (ii) paddy, (iii) sugarcane, (iv) bajra, and (v) urd. In the district, of the total land, 38.90 percent are earmarked for the production of wheat; 25.24 per cent for paddy; 10.87 per cent for sugarcane; 7.13 percent for bajra; and to 2.24 per cent for urd. The corresponding figures in the state of Uttar Pradesh are found to be 40.62 per cent; 23.10 per cent; 9.52 per cent; 3.68 per cent and to 2.03 per cent. It suggests that there is need to increase the area under utilisation for various crops, such as, (i) barley, (ii) jowar, (iii) maize, (iv) moong, (v) arhar, (vi) gram, and (vii) potato. In Uttar Pradesh, there is a need to increase the area under utilisation for: (i) barley, (ii) jowar, (iii) moong, (iv) arhar, and (v) potato.
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