Moradabad

This article is about the city in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Moradabad district. For other uses, see Moradabad (disambiguation).
Moradabad
मुरादाबाद
مُرادآباد
Metropolitan
Jigar Moradabadi Gate in Moradabad
Jigar Moradabadi Gate in Moradabad
Nickname(s): Brass City
Moradabad is located in Uttar Pradesh
Moradabad
Moradabad
Coordinates: 28°50′N 78°47′E / 28.83°N 78.78°E / 28.83; 78.78
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Moradabad
Established 1625[1]
Founded by Rustam Khan
Named for Murad Baksh
Government
 • MP Kunwar Sarvesh Kumar Singh (BJP)
 • Mayor Mrs. Beena Agrawal (BJP)
 • District Magistrate Deepak Agarwal
Area
 • Total 3,493 km2 (1,349 sq mi)
Elevation 198 m (650 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 889,810
 • Density 250/km2 (660/sq mi)
Demonym Moradabadi
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 244001
Telephone code 0591
Vehicle registration UP-21
Website www.moradabad.nic.in

Moradabad About this sound pronunciation  is a city, commissionary, and a municipal corporation in Moradabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It was established in 1625A.D. by Rustam Khan and is named after prince Murad Baksh, the son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Moradabad is situated at a distance of 167 km (104 mi) from the national capital, New Delhi and 344 km north-west of the state capital Lucknow, on the banks of the Ramganga river. The city is known as Pital Nagri, ("Brass City") for its famous brass handicrafts industry.[3] It is also divisional headquarters of Northern Railway (NR).[4][5]

History

Moradabad was established as an office for the Chaupala pargana during emperor Akbar's regime. In AD 1624 it was captured by Rustam Khan, the then Governor of Sambhal who named it Rustam Nagar. Later, in AD 1625 its named was changed to Moradabad, after the name of prince Murad Baksh, the son of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. A mosque named Jama Masjid was constructed in the city by Rustam Khan for the Mughal Emperor.

Education

Schools in Moradabad, whether using English or Hindi as a medium of instruction, are affiliated to either of the four bodies, Central Board of Secondary Education (C.B.S.E.), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (C.I.S.C.E), University of Cambridge International Examinations and Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad (U.P. Board). Moradabad has three major universities, Teerthanker Mahaveer University, IFTM University and Shri Venkateshwara University. Other than that a number of higher education institutions such as Hindu College and Moradabad Institute of Technology are located in the city.

Economy

Moradabad is a major industrial city and export hub. Its handicrafts industry accounts for more than 40% of total handicraft exports from India. In 2006-2007, Moradabad's export turnover was ₹32 billion ($530 millions).[6] In 2012-2013 it increased to ₹40 billion ($667 millions).

In October 2014, Livemint included Moradabad in its list of 25 Emerging Cities To Watch Out For In 2025. [7]

Transportation

Road

Moradabad is well connected by roads with cities like Delhi, Lucknow, Agra, Aligarh, Ghaziabad, Noida, Haridwar and Dehradun etc.

Following National Highways and State Highways are Connected with Moradabad:

  • State Highway 43- Connects Moradabad with historical city of Badaun, which is 102 km and Farrukhabad, 210 km via Bisauli. It also extends to Kanpur.
  • State Highway 49- Connects Moradabad with Haridwar which merge into NH78 at Dhampur.
  • State Highway 78- Connects Moradabad with Amroha via Pakbara

Major Roads in the Town:

  • Kanth Road
  • Sambhal Road
  • Delhi Road
  • Rampur Road
  • GMD Road
  • Court Road
  • Prince Road
  • Idgah Road
  • Station Road

Rail

Moradabad railway station is one of the Major Railway Stations of Indian Railways, it comes under top hundred railway stations of India. It lies on Lucknow-Moradabad line, Delhi-Moradabad line and Moradabad-Ambala line. More than 150 trains pass through and stop at Moradabad Railway Station. It is direct connected by trains with major cities like Delhi, Lucknow, Kanpur Agra, Aligarh, Ghaziabad, Jaipur, Jodhpur Haridwar, Dehradun, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Ambala, Guwahati, Ramnagar[disambiguation needed], Dibrugarh, Kolkata, Jamshedpur, Varansi, Ahemedabad, Patna etc. Shatabdi Express, Rajdhani Express, Garib Rath Express and many Super fast, mail and passenger trains stop at Moradabad.[8]

Air

Moradabad Airport is in under construction, Nearest working domestic Airport is Pantnagar Airport which is 86 km[9] from Moradabad and Nearest International Airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi which is 178 km[10] from Moradabad.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ Moradabad
  2. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Majid Husain. Understanding: Geographical: Map Entries: for Civil Services Examinations: Second Edition. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-07-070288-2. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  4. ^ "Northern Railway: Moradabad Division". 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Moradabad, India's Brass City Crying Help". Supportbiz.com. Retrieved 2014-12-21. 
  7. ^ "Indias growth engines and gateways". livemint.com. 2014-10-30. Retrieved 2015-01-09. 
  8. ^ "Moradabad railway info". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 2014-12-21. 
  9. ^ Distance between Moradabad and Pantnagar Airport
  10. ^ Distance between Moradabad and Indira Gandhi International Airport