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Monroe, Connecticut

Monroe, Connecticut

Town of Monroe
Gazebo in front of town hall
Gazebo in front of town hall
Official seal of Monroe, Connecticut
Seal
Location in Fairfield County and the state of Connecticut
Location in Fairfield County and the state of Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°20′10″N 73°13′33″W / 41.33611°N 73.22583°W / 41.33611; -73.22583
Country United States
U.S. state Connecticut
CountyFairfield
Metropolitan areaBridgeport-Stamford
Incorporated1823
Government
 • TypeSelectman-town council
 • First SelectmanKen Kellogg (R)
 • Town CouncilFrank Lieto (R), Chairman
Enid Lipeles (R), Vice Chairman
Sean O'Rourke
Terry Rooney (R)
Kevin Reid (R)
Dennis Condon (R)
Jen Aguilar (D)
Dee Dee Martin (D)
Jason Maur( D)
Area
 • Total26.3 sq mi (68.1 km2)
 • Land26.1 sq mi (67.7 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation
522 ft (159 m)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total20,020
 • Density763.3/sq mi (294.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
06468
Area code(s)203/475
FIPS code09-48620
GNIS feature ID0213463
Websitewww.monroect.org
Sign in front of town hall

Monroe is a town located in eastern Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 19,479 at the 2010 census.[1]

Like many of its neighbors, Monroe is largely considered a bedroom community of New York City, New Haven, and Bridgeport. Monroe's neighbors are Easton, Newtown, Oxford, Shelton, and Trumbull.

The New York Times profiled Monroe in February 2013.[2]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.3 square miles (68 km2), of which 26.1 square miles (68 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2), or 0.76%, is water. The Pequonnock River begins in Monroe in Wolfe Park. Monroe borders Lake Zoar, a reservoir on the Housatonic River formed by Stevenson Dam.

Neighborhoods

Monroe is made up of several neighborhoods:

History

On May 15, 1656, the Court of the Colony of Connecticut in Hartford affirmed that the town of Stratford included all of the territory 12 miles (19 km) inland from Long Island Sound, between the Housatonic River and the Fairfield town line, to include the southern portion of present-day Monroe. In 1662, Stratford selectmen Lt. Joseph Judson, Captain Joseph Hawley and John Minor secured all the written deeds of transfer from the Golden Hill Paugussett Indian Nation for this vast territory that comprises the present-day towns of Trumbull, Shelton and Monroe. In 1671, Stratford purchased from the Paugusset Indians the territory which included the remainder of the northern portions of Monroe, Trumbull and Shelton, in what is known as "The White Hills Purchase", and officially annexed it to the Township of Stratford.

Monroe incorporated as a town in 1823. The community is named after James Monroe, fifth President of the United States.[3]

The Stepney Dam is on Route 25.
Main Street at night in Monroe

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18301,522
18401,351−11.2%
18501,4426.7%
18601,382−4.2%
18701,226−11.3%
18801,157−5.6%
1890994−14.1%
19001,0434.9%
19101,002−3.9%
19201,16115.9%
19301,2215.2%
19401,72841.5%
19502,89267.4%
19606,402121.4%
197012,04788.2%
198014,01016.3%
199016,89620.6%
200019,24713.9%
201019,4791.2%
Est. 201719,635[4]0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 19,247 people, 6,481 households, and 5,346 families residing in the town. The population density was 736.5 people per square mile (284.4/km²). There were 6,601 housing units at an average density of 252.6 per square mile (97.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.8% White, 0.20% African American, 0.08% Native American, 2.62% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.20% of the population.

There were 6,481 households out of which 42.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.0% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.5% were non-families. Of all households 14.9% were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the town, the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $85,000 and the median income for a family was $92,514. Males had a median income of $61,109 versus $41,572 for females. The per capita income for the town was $34,161. About 1.8% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Monroe is a stalwart Republican town at the presidential level with the longest streak of supporting the GOP in Fairfield County. No Democrat has won the town in over 60 years. Lyndon B. Johnson came the closest in his landslide victory in 1964, having lost the town by only 17 votes to Barry M. Goldwater.

Monroe town vote
by party in presidential elections[7]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2016 41.44% 4,520 54.29% 5,922 4.27% 466
2012 43.02% 4,446 55.70% 5,757 1.28% 132
2008 46.41% 5,133 52.58% 5,815 1.00% 111
2004 40.73% 4,349 58.02% 6,195 1.25% 133
2000 44.57% 4,352 50.79% 4,960 4.64% 453
1996 40.94% 3,544 45.84% 3,968 13.23% 1,145
1992 28.47% 2,745 47.78% 4,607 23.76% 2,291
1988 32.60% 2,599 66.67% 5,315 0.73% 58
1984 25.02% 1,771 74.65% 5,283 0.32% 23
1980 28.82% 1,815 59.34% 3,737 11.85% 746
1976 36.05% 2,025 63.20% 3,550 0.75% 42
1972 25.87% 1,329 71.92% 3,695 2.22% 114
1968 33.15% 1,527 57.47% 2,647 9.38% 432
1964 49.78% 1,960 50.22% 1,977 0.00% 0
1960 35.51% 1,116 64.49% 2,027 0.00% 0
1956 20.66% 389 79.34% 1,494 0.00% 0
Voter registration and party enrollment as of November 5, 2018[8]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Republican 3,724 83 3,807 28.25%
Democratic 2,893 91 2,984 22.14%
Unaffiliated 6,389 83 6,472 48.02%
Minor parties 213 1 214 1.59%
Total 13,219 258 13,477 100%

Town information

Media

  • The town of Monroe owns and operates the FM radio station WMNR.
  • The Monroe Courier was the weekly town newspaper until it was shut down in October 2018.
  • The local online newspaper is the Monroe Patch.

Monroe Public Schools

The school district for Monroe is called Monroe Public Schools and includes approximately 4,000 students, in three elementary schools (Fawn Hollow, Monroe Elementary, and Stepney Elementary), two middle schools (Jockey Hollow and STEM Academy), and one high school (Masuk High School).

In 2011, STEM Academy was opened at Masuk High School as an additional middle school option for Monroe's 6th, 7th, and 8th graders.[9]

Chalk Hill Middle School housed Monroe's 5th and 6th graders from 1969-2011 (when it was closed due to shifting population and budget issues).[10] From 2012-2016, Chalk Hill was the home of Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown following the Dec. 14, 2012 shooting.[11]

Private school

For the 2017-18 school year, St. Jude School merged with two other local Catholic schools (St. Joseph and St. Lawrence, both of neighboring Shelton, CT). The three schools combined to make Holy Trinity Catholic Academy, housed in the former St. Lawrence School in Shelton.[12]

St. Jude School, was a Catholic school with around 220 Pre-K to 8th Grade students, located next to St. Jude Parish on Route 111.

In 2003, the St. Jude School boys' junior varsity basketball team won the New England CYO tournament, defeating Springfield, Massachusetts in the championship, becoming the school's first team to win the tournament. The first selectman of the town dedicated a day to them. In 2005, they returned to the tournament in Rhode Island as 8th graders. After defeating Worcester and Boston, they lost to Hartford by 5.

In 2006, the St. Jude boys' junior varsity again won the New England CYO tournament, defeating Hartford, Connecticut.

Places of worship

Humphrey Bogart's old haunt in Monroe now belongs to the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth.

The town of Monroe features eleven houses of worship representing numerous faiths.

Emergency services

Fire departments

The town of Monroe is protected 24/7, 365 days a year by three independent and all-volunteer fire departments operating out of six fire stations, located throughout town.

Fire Station Engine Truck Rescue Special Unit Address
Monroe Fire Station # 1 Engine Tanker 75 Squad 73 Squad 230 (Support Unit), Utiltiy Unit 214 18 Shelton Rd.
Monroe Fire Station # 2 Engine 202 Truck 77 Squad 231 (Support Unit) 54 Jockey Hollow Rd.
Stepney Fire Station # 1 Engine 102 Squad 103 Utility Unit 114 88 Main St.
Stepney Fire Station # 2 Engine Tanker 101 Truck 100 801 Main St.
Stevenson Fire Station # 1 Engine 301, Engine 302 Rescue 320 Tanker 315, Tanker 316, Brush Unit 310, Marine Unit 1 1260 Monroe Tpke.
Stevenson Fire Station # 2 Brush Unit 312, Utility Unit 314 300 Cottage St.

Emergency medical services

The town of Monroe is served by the Monroe Volunteer Emergency Medical Service.[13] Founded in 1977, MVEMS provides pre-hospital emergency care and hosts emergency training courses such as CPR/AED, EMR, and EMT.

Police department

Officially organized in 1952, the Monroe Police Department operates out of Monroe Town Hall.[14]

Notable locations

Whitney Farms Golf Course in Monroe
A landscape in Monroe
  • Lake Zoar, a reservoir on the Housatonic River
  • Stevenson Dam, which holds back Lake Zoar, and is the bridge for CT Route 34 across the Housatonic
  • Stepney Cemetery, founded in 1794 and located near the Stepney Green
  • Webb Mountain Park, a municipal park with hiking trails and campsites
  • William E. Wolfe Park, a town park located on Cutlers Farm Road and on the northern end of Cross Hill Road. The park includes a public pool, four baseball fields, a football field, a basketball court, a playground, and a hiking trail that leads to Great Hollow Lake. The park includes a barbecue set up on the grass, and a nearby pavilion. Great Hollow Lake is located in the south-western area of the park.
  • Rails to Trails is an approximately five-mile scenic walking and biking trail that runs from Great Hollow Lake in Wolfe Park, and continues to the Newtown Town line. It is being considered to connect Monroe's walking trail to Trumbull's, which would connect both Monroe, Trumbull, and Bridgeport's Rails to Trails paths.
  • The Warren's Occult Museum is a world-renowned museum with hundreds of thousands of yearly visits that houses the largest array of occult artifacts from the Ed and Lorraine Warren investigations.[15]

Locations on the National Register of Historic Places

A sunset at Whitney Farms Golf Course in Monroe

Infrastructure

Connecticut Route 25, Main Street, runs across Monroe from Upper Stepney to the Trumbull town line. The highway starts in Brookfield/Danbury and runs to Bridgeport. From Brookfield through Monroe, it is a 2-lane road, and just over the Monroe-Trumbull border within Trumbull, it becomes a 6-lane freeway which connects to Interstate 95.

Connecticut Route 34 runs through the northern (Stevenson) section of Monroe. The route begins in Newtown and ends in New Haven, where it connects with I-91 and I-95.

Connecticut Route 59 begins at its intersection with Route 25 in Monroe and travels south through Easton and Fairfield, where it ends in Bridgeport.

Connecticut Route 110 begins in Monroe at its intersection with Route 111, then travels through Shelton before ending in Stratford.

Connecticut Route 111, Monroe Turnpike, begins at its intersection with Route 34 in Monroe and runs south to Trumbull, where it terminates just north of Bridgeport at the Merritt Parkway.

Notable people

Images

See also

References

  1. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Community Facts". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
  2. ^ Prevost, Lisa (2013-02-01). "Living In Monroe, Conn. – A Friend, in Need and Deed". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
  3. ^ The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 333.
  4. ^ "CONNECTICUT POPULATION ESTIMATES AS OF JULY 1, 2017". Archived from the original (PDF) on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ [authoring.ct.gov]
  8. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of November, 05 2018" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
  9. ^ "STEM Academy Forum Draws a Large Audience Summary File (QT-PL), Monroe town, Connecticut". Monroe Patch 2. Archived from the original on April 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2011.
  10. ^ [www.ctpost.com]
  11. ^ [www.ctpost.com]
  12. ^ [www.ctpost.com]
  13. ^ Monroe Volunteer Emergency Medical Service.
  14. ^ Monroe Police Department
  15. ^ "The Warren's Occult Museum". The New England Society For Psychic Research.

Further reading

  • Reverend Samuel Orcutt, A History of Stratford and the City of Bridgeport Connecticut, Fairfield Historical Society, 1886

External links