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Monic languages are a branch of the Austroasiatic language family descended from the Old Monic language of the kingdom of Dvaravati in what is now central Thailand. The Nyahkur people continue directly from that kingdom, whereas the Mon are descendants of those who migrated to Pegu after the 11th century Khmer conquest of Dvaravati.
Sidwell (2009:114) proposes the following tree ("stammbaum") for Monic, synthesizing past classifications from Therapan L-Thongkum (1984) and Diffloth (1984).
Old Mon / Proto-Monic
Mon Ro: Northernmost dialect, spoken in the
Pegu- Paung-Zingyaik area
West Mon Ro variety: Spoken from north of
Martaban to Thaton East Mon Ro variety: Spoken in a small area on the south bank of the Gyaing River Mon Rao: Spoken around Moumein, extending several hundred kilometers south to
North Mon Rao
Kamawet area Mon
South Mon Rao
Ye Mon Rao: This is the southernmost Mon variety. Thai Mon (mix of Mon Ro and Mon Rao)
Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Monic". . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. Glottolog 3.0
Monic language studies. (1984). Bangkok, Thailand: Chulalongkorn University Print. House.
Diffloth, Gérard. 1984 The Dvaravati Old Mon languages and Nyah Kur. Monic Language Studies. Chulalongkorn University Printing House, Bangkok. Eppele, John William, Carey Statezni, and Nathan Statezni. 2008.
Monic bibliography. Chiang Mai: Payap University. Eppele, John William, Carey Statezni, and Nathan Statezni. 2008.
Monic bibliography with selected annotations. Chiang Mai: Payap University. Ferlus, Michel. 1983. Essai de phonétique historique de môn. Mon-Khmer Studies 12: 1–90.
Huffman, Franklin E. 1990. Burmese Mon, Thai Mon, and Nyah Kur: a synchronic comparison. Mon-Khmer Studies 16–17: 31–84.