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Moma language

Native toIndonesia
Native speakers
5,500 (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3myl

Moma (also Kulawi) is an Austronesian language spoken in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Historically, it is derived from the Kaili dialect cluster, but is divergent due to strong influence from Uma.[1][3]


The sound inventory of Moma is described by Adriani and Esser (1939) as follows:[3]

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ?
voiced b d ɟ g
Prenasalized plosive voiceless ᵐp ⁿt ᶮc ᵑk
voiced ᵐb ⁿd
Fricative voiceless h
voiced β
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Trill r
Approximant l j
Front Central Back
Close i u
Close-Mid e o
Open a


  1. ^ a b Moma at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Moma". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Adriani, N. and S. J. Esser. (1939). Koelawische taalstudien. (Bibliotheca Celebica, I, II, III.) Bandoeng: A. C. Nix. viii+91+90+113pp. (3 vols).