|Mohammed bin Thani|
|Emir of Qatar|
|Reign||1847–18 December 1878|
|Predecessor||Thani bin Mohammed|
|Successor||Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani|
|Died||18 December 1878 (aged 90)|
|Spouse||Noura Al Kuwari|
|Arabic||محمد بن ثاني|
|Father||Thani bin Mohammed|
The Emir of Qatar
|Reference style||His Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Highness|
Sheikh Mohammed bin Thani (Arabic: محمد بن ثاني; c. 1788 – 18 December 1878), also known as Mohammed bin Thani bin Mohammed Al Thamir (Arabic: محمد بن ثاني بن محمد آل ثامر), was the first Hakim (ruler) of the whole Qatari Peninsula, following his predecessor, his father, tribal leader Sheikh Thani bin Mohammed Al Thamir. He is known for being the father of Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani, the founder of Qatar and who fended off the Ottoman army in the late 19th century.
Sheikh Mohammed bin Thani was born in Fuwayrit, Qatar, by his father and predecessor to the throne, Sheikh Thani bin Mohammed Al Thamir (born in Zubarah), with Sheikh Mohammed being the second eldest son of his father, along with his four siblings:
After living a lengthy life in Fuwayrit, the Al Thani family finally moved in 1847 from Fuwayrit to Doha, the capital city and state of Qatar, under the leadership of Sheikh Mohammed, who was 59 at the time.
His father later died in 1860, when he succeeded to the throne. By the early 1860s, Sheikh Mohammed emerged as the most important figure in Qatar and an important government official in the Persian Gulf. He abdicated, due to old age, as emir of Qatar in 1876, turning the throne over to his eldest son Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani.
Sheikh Mohammed had 8 children: six sons (listed below) and two daughters, both with unknown names.
|No.||Name||Government Position||Year of birth||Year of death|
|1||Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani||Ruler of Qatar (1876–1913)||c. 1825||1913|
|2||Sheikh Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Thani||Sheikh of Doha||1853||1905|
|3||Sheikh Fahad bin Mohammed Al Thani||None||Unknown||Died early|
|4||Sheikh Eid bin Mohammed Al Thani||None||Unknown||Died early|
|5||Sheikh Jabor bin Mohammed Al Thani||None||1878||1934|
|6||Sheikh Thamir bin Mohammed Al Thani||None||Unknown||Unknown|
|7||Sheikha ... bint Mohammed Al Thani||None||Unknown||Unknown|
|8||Sheikha ... bint Mohammed Al Thani||None||Unknown||Unknown|
Mohammed bin ThaniBorn: c. 1788 Died: 18 December 1878
Thani bin Mohammed Al Thamir
| Emir of Qatar
Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani