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Mohammad Ali Araki

Mohammad Ali Araki
محمدعلی اراکی
Mohammad Ali Araki.jpg
Religion Shia Islam (Usuli Twelver)
Other names Persian: محمدعلی اراکی
Born (1894-12-22)22 December 1894
Arak, Iran
Died 24 November 1994(1994-11-24) (aged 99)
Qom, Iran
Resting place Fatima Masumeh Shrine
Senior posting
Title Grand Ayatollah

Mohammad Ali Araki (Persian: محمدعلی اراکی‎, 22 December 1894[1] in Arak – 24 November 1994 in Qom)[2][3] was an Iranian Twelver Shia Marja'. Araki was teacher of many Iranian revolutionary person and was the last survivor from Ruhollah Khomeini's era. When he died, IRNA declared that "he was considered the greatest living Marja'".[4]


Mohammad Ali Araki was born on 1894 in Arak, Iran. He started his education from Arak Hawza. Grand Ayatollah Haeri allowed him to wear the turban and robe because qualified individuals were limited. Also, Araki studied many years in Yazd Hawza. After that he migrated to Qum and continued his studying under supervision of Abdul-Karim Ha'eri Yazdi.[5] After the death of Ruhollah Khomeini, Ayatollah Mohammad-Reza Golpaygani was selected by Society of Seminary Teachers of Qom as Marja' for Khomeini's followers and after Golpaygani's death Araki was introduced.[6][7] So, Araki was the last survivor from Ruhollah Khomeini's era.[4]


Ayatollah Araki died on 24 November 1994 at the age of 99.[4][8][9] He was buried in Qom's Fatima Masumeh Shrine.[5]

See also


  1. ^ []
  2. ^ []
  3. ^ []
  4. ^ a b c "MOHAMMAD ALI ARAKI DIES AT 100". The Washington Post. 30 November 1994. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Ayatullah Al-Uzama Mohammed Ali Araki". Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  6. ^ Said Amir Arjomand; Nathan J. Brown (25 March 2013). Rule of Law, Islam, and Constitutional Politics in Egypt and Iran, The. SUNY Press. p. 6o. ISBN 978-1-4384-4598-4. 
  7. ^ David Menashri (5 November 2013). Central Asia Meets the Middle East. Routledge. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-135-24150-6. 
  8. ^ Said Amir Arjomand (20 November 2009). After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors. Oxford University Press. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-19-973955-4. 
  9. ^ "Araki Events in History". Brainy History. Retrieved 11 April 2016. 

External links