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Mohammad-Taqi Bahjat Foumani

Mohammad Taqi Bahjat Foumani
Religion Islam, Shia
Other names Ayatollah Bahjat
Born 24 August 1916
Fouman, Iran
Died 17 May 2009(2009-05-17) (aged 92)
Qom, Iran
Senior posting
Based in Qom
Title Grand Ayatollah
Period in office 1916–2009
Religious career
Post Marja'
Website The Center for Compilation and Publication of the Works of Grand Ayatollah Bahjat

Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Taqi Bahjat Foumani (Persian: محمدتقی بهجت فومنی‎) (24 August 1916 – 17 May 2009) was an Iranian Twelver Shia Marja'.


Mohammad Taqi was born on 24 August 1916 in the Fouman, Gilan province in the north of Iran. Mohammad's mother died when he was at an early age and he lived with father. Bahjat's father sold cookies to gain as income.[1] He started his primary education from Fouman. At the age 14, he went to Karbala and Najaf, Iraq for continuing his education in advance level. After returning to Iran on 1945, he resided in the Qom. In the Qom Seminary, Mohammad Taqi taught jurisprudence and theology.[2][3]


In the Najaf, he was a student of Abu l-Hasan al-Isfahani, Shaikh Muhammad Kadhim Shirazi, Mirza Hussein Naini, Agha Zia Addin Araghi, and Shaikh Muhammad Hussain al-Gharawi. Also, Ali Tabatabaei (known as Ayatollah Qazi) was his teacher in the spirituality and gnosticism. In the Qom, he attended in class of Ayatollah Seyyed Hossein Borujerdi.[3][1]


He had many student include: Morteza Motahhari, Abdollah Javadi-Amoli, Mohammad Mohammadi Gilani, Mohammad Yazdii, Ahmad Azari Qomi, Mohammad-Taqi Mesbah-Yazdi, Abbas Mahfuzi, Mahdi Rouhani, Azizollah Khosvaght, Mohammad Ali Aminian, Sadeq Ehsan-Bakhsh, Mohammad Iamn Lahiji, Mohammad Ali Faize Gilani, Zainolabedin Ghorbani, Mohammad Vasef Gilani, AliAkbar Masodi Khomeini, Mohammad Hossein Ahmadi Yazdi, Mohammad Hasan Ahmadi Yazdi, Reza Khosroshahi, Mahmud Amjad Kermanshahi, Abdolmajid Rashidpor, Mohammad Hadi Feqgi, Mahdi Hadavi, Sheykh Aziz Aliyari Ardebili, Abdollah Khaefi Gilani, Mojtaba Rodbari, Ja'far Shojuni.[1]


He started teaching Kharij al-Fiqh and the Usool since early 1960 and served approximately 50 years in teaching theological subjects at his house. He composed poems of praise and eulogy for Ahl al-Bayt, especially Imam Husayn, which he had originally written in Persian. He has left behind a large number of compilations, including: Kitab-e Salaat, Jama'e al-Masa’el,[2] Zakhirah al-Ebaad Leyawm al-Maa`d, Tuzih al-Masaa'il, and Manaasek-e Hajj.[4][5][1]

Most famous mystical advice he kept repeating

'[according to Quran] if we act according to what we are sure about and be cautious about what we don't know, God reveals the path'[6]


On 17 May 2009, Bahjat died in the Qum at the age of 92 . He was buried in the Fatima Masumeh Shrine.[2][7]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Adham Nejad, Mohammad Taqi. "Mohammad Taqi Bahjat (Ayatollah Bahjat), mystic". Bagher al-Olum Institute. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c Shahbaz, Ali. "Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Taqi Bahjat Foumani". Imam Reza Network. Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Asma, Zainab (20 November 2013). "Biography of Ayatollah Mohammad Taqi Bahjat". Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  4. ^ "Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Taqi Bahjat Foumani". Compiled by: Syed Ali Shahbaz. 
  5. ^ "Glimpses of the Life of Grand Ayatullah Bahjat". 18 May 2015. 
  6. ^ []
  7. ^ "Ayatollah Mohammad Taqi Behjat". Asma Zainab. 2013-11-20. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 

External links