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|Mohammad Taqi Bahjat Foumani|
|Other names||Ayatollah Bahjat|
|Born||24 August 1916
|Died||17 May 2009 (aged 92)
|Period in office||1916–2009|
|Website||The Center for Compilation and Publication of the Works of Grand Ayatollah Bahjat|
Mohammad Taqi was born on 24 August 1916 in the Fouman, Gilan province in the north of Iran. Mohammad's mother died when he was at an early age and he lived with father. Bahjat's father sold cookies to gain as income. He started his primary education from Fouman. At the age 14, he went to Karbala and Najaf, Iraq for continuing his education in advance level. After returning to Iran on 1945, he resided in the Qom. In the Qom Seminary, Mohammad Taqi taught jurisprudence and theology.
In the Najaf, he was a student of Abu l-Hasan al-Isfahani, Shaikh Muhammad Kadhim Shirazi, Mirza Hussein Naini, Agha Zia Addin Araghi, and Shaikh Muhammad Hussain al-Gharawi. Also, Ali Tabatabaei (known as Ayatollah Qazi) was his teacher in the spirituality and gnosticism. In the Qom, he attended in class of Ayatollah Seyyed Hossein Borujerdi.
He had many student include: Morteza Motahhari, Abdollah Javadi-Amoli, Mohammad Mohammadi Gilani, Mohammad Yazdii, Ahmad Azari Qomi, Mohammad-Taqi Mesbah-Yazdi, Abbas Mahfuzi, Mahdi Rouhani, Azizollah Khosvaght, Mohammad Ali Aminian, Sadeq Ehsan-Bakhsh, Mohammad Iamn Lahiji, Mohammad Ali Faize Gilani, Zainolabedin Ghorbani, Mohammad Vasef Gilani, AliAkbar Masodi Khomeini, Mohammad Hossein Ahmadi Yazdi, Mohammad Hasan Ahmadi Yazdi, Reza Khosroshahi, Mahmud Amjad Kermanshahi, Abdolmajid Rashidpor, Mohammad Hadi Feqgi, Mahdi Hadavi, Sheykh Aziz Aliyari Ardebili, Abdollah Khaefi Gilani, Mojtaba Rodbari, Ja'far Shojuni.
He started teaching Kharij al-Fiqh and the Usool since early 1960 and served approximately 50 years in teaching theological subjects at his house. He composed poems of praise and eulogy for Ahl al-Bayt, especially Imam Husayn, which he had originally written in Persian. He has left behind a large number of compilations, including: Kitab-e Salaat, Jama'e al-Masa’el, Zakhirah al-Ebaad Leyawm al-Maa`d, Tuzih al-Masaa'il, and Manaasek-e Hajj.
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