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Mohammad-Reza Golpaygani

Grand Ayatollah
Seyyed Muhammad Reza Golpayegani
Golpayegani.jpg
Title Grand Ayatollah
Born Mohammad-Reza Golpayegani
(1899-03-20)March 20, 1899
Isfahan, Iran
Died December 9, 1993(1993-12-09) (aged 94)
Qom, Iran
Resting place Fatima Masumeh Shrine
Nationality Iranian
Era Modern history
Region Shia Islam
Religion Islam
Main interest(s) Jurisprudence

Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Reza Golpaygani (20 March 1899[1] – December 9, 1993) was an Iranian Shia cleric and marja. He was born in Gogad village, near the city of Golpaygan, Iran. He was taught preliminary studies by his father, Mohammad Bagher. At the age of 9, his father died, and he moved to Golpaygan to continue his studies. At the age of 20, he moved to Arak to study under Abdul-Karim Ha'eri Yazdi. After Ha'eri Yazdi and Ayatollah Mohammad Taghi Khansari founded the hawza of Qom, he moved there and delivered lectures in the Islamic Seminary.[2] He was one of the highest-ranking Islamic clergy to participate in the Islamic Revolution of 1979, and a one-time serious contender to succeed Ruhollah Khomeini as the Supreme Leader of Iran in 1989. However, his candidacy was voted down by the Assembly of Experts, in favor of the eventual successor and current leader, Ali Khamenei.

Birthday and family

Ayatollah Seyyed Muhammad Reza Golpayegani, great Shia Marja .[3] He was born in 1899 in Golpayegan Iran. His father "Sayyed muhammad Baqer" was a great scholar.[4] From his childhood started learning primary education and religious sciences under great masters.[5] Before the age of 21, participated in jurisprudence and methodology classes of the late "Ayatollah Haeri" (the founder of Qom Hawzeh) and became one of his most significant students.[6] After completing his education and achieving high scientific and spiritual positions, started teaching. At that time, he was one of the most prominent masters.

Masters

The following are his main masters:

  1. Seyyed Muhammad Hasan Khansari
  2. Ayatollah Haeri
  3. Ayatollah Muhammad Taqi Golpayegani

His temporary masters

  1. Ayatollah Muhammad Baqer Golpayegani
  2. Ayatollah Muhammad Reza masjed Shahi Isfahani
  3. Mirza Naini
  4. Allameh Sheykh Muhammad Hossein Qaravi Esfahani
  5. Ayatollah Borujerdi
  6. Muhaqeq Iraqi
  7. Seyyed Abul Hasan Isfahani
  8. Sheykh Abul Qasem Kabi

Students: After death of "Ayatollah Abdul Karim Haeri" many students and scholars participated in methodology (Osul) classes of Ayatollah Golpayegani:

  1. The late Ayatollah Murteza Haeri
  2. The late Sheikh Muhammad Fakour
  3. Mrtyr Murteza Mutahari
  4. Martyr Seyyed Muhammad Ali Qazi
  5. Martyr Seyyed Muhammad Hossein Beheshti
  6. Martyr Mufatteh
  7. Martyr Qoddusi
  8. Martyr Shah Abaadi
  9. Ayatollah Meshkini
  10. Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
  11. Ayatollah Jannati
  12. Ayatollah Ostadi
  13. Ayatollah Kharazi
  14. Ayatollah Tuiserkani
  15. Ayatollah Salawati, etc.

Works

He wrote many treatises and books about Jurisprudence and Islam. Some of them are as follow:

  • The book of Hajj in 3 volmes
  • The Guiding for whom Have Velayah
  • The book of Judgment
  • The book of witnesses
  • Noted on Qrvah Al Vosqa
  • Notes on ways of saving
  • Issues of hajj
  • Treatise on non-distorting of the Holy Quran
  • The praying of Jumah day

Death

Ayatollah Golpayegani died in 1993 in Qom near the Shrine of Hazrate Masoumeh.

See also

References

  1. ^ [serajnet.org]
  2. ^ Biographie Salehin.com
  3. ^ biogrophy of grand Ayatollah Golpayegani, Muhammad Mehid emami, Tehran , center of Documents of Islamic Revolution,2003
  4. ^ biogrophy of grand Ayatollah Golpayegani, Muhammad Mehid emami, Tehran , center of Documents of Islamic Revolution,2003,p.9
  5. ^ .( Ansari Qommi, P.15, Ayatollah Golpaygani, foruqe Hedayat,1373 solar, 1994, the organization of Islamic Propaganda/ let me cry, the center of collection and publication of Ayatollah Seyyed Muhammad Reza Golpayegani, Qom, Dar Al Quran Karim, Without history
  6. ^ .( Ansari Qommi, 23-32)