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Skyline of Mogok
Mogok is located in Myanmar
Location of Mandalay, Burma
Coordinates: 22°55′N 96°30′E / 22.917°N 96.500°E / 22.917; 96.500
Country Myanmar
Region Mandalay Region
DistrictPyin Oo Lwin
Population (2005)
 • Total150,000
 • ReligionsTheravada Buddhism
Time zoneUTC+6.30 (MST)
Large Ruby (corundum) crystal from Mogok. Size: 5.5 x 3.2 x 3 cm.

Mogok (Burmese: မိုးကုတ်, pronounced [móɡoʊʔ]; Shan: မိူင်းၵုတ်ႈ, pronounced [mɤ́ŋ kut]) is a city in the Pyin Oo Lwin District of the Mandalay Region of Myanmar, located 200 km north of Mandalay and 148 km north-east of Shwebo. Mogok was in Shan State and after British, the town was put in Mandalay Region along with Pyin Oo Lwin.


At 1170 meters in elevation, the city has a fairly temperate climate year-round, and is home to Bamar, Shan, Lisu, Palaung, and Karen ethnic groups, as well as Chinese, Indians and Gurkhas. The city is composed of two towns, Mogok and Kyat Pyin. Mogok is four miles long and two miles wide. It is situated in a valley surrounded by a large number of mountains. Kyat Pyin lies about 7 miles SW of Mogok. Tourists that travel to this area need a special authorization and a guide person.[2]

Repute for gemstones

Mogok and other villages nearby have been famous since ancient times for its gemstones, especially ruby and sapphire, but semi-precious stones such as spinel, lapis lazuli, garnet, moonstone, peridot and chrysoberyl are also found. The gems are found in alluvial marble gravels by means of panning, tunneling and digging pits by hand. There is little mechanization of the mining. The gravels derive from the metamorphosed limestones (marbles) of the Mogok metamorphic belt.[3][4]

Gems are sold in markets in Mogok; however, foreigners require special permits to visit the town, and purchase/export of gems from Myanmar at non-government licensed dealers is illegal.

90% of a certain version of the world's rubies come from Myanmar / Burma there are many other ruby sources in the world such as Sri Lanka and various places in Africa. Only in terms of quality Mogok rubies are best. The red stones from there are prized for their purity and hue. Thailand buys the majority of Myanmar's gems. The "Valley of Rubies", the mountainous Mogok area, 200 km (120 mi) north of Mandalay, is noted as the original source of ruby including the world's finest "pigeon's blood" rubies as well as the world's most beautiful sapphires in "royal" blue.

Mogok Celebrates 800 Year History

2017 marks the 800th anniversary of the founding of the city of Mogok.[citation needed]

Health care

  • Mogok General Hospital

Kyatpyin General hospital


  1. ^ "Pyin Oo Lwin / Mogoke Map"[permanent dead link] Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU)
  2. ^ []
  3. ^ Searle, D. L.; Ba Than Haq (1964) "The Mogok belt of Burma and its relationship to the Himalayan orogeny" Proceedings of the 22nd International Geological Conference, Delhi 11: pp. 132–161
  4. ^ Iyer, Lakshinarayanpuran Anantkrishna Narayana (1953) The geology and gem-stones of the Mogok Stone Tract, Burma Geological Survey of India Memoir 82, Government of India Press, Calcutta, OCLC 6526679 ; reprinted in 2007 by White Lotus, Bangkok, ISBN 978-974-480-123-4