Barbosa in 1945
|Full name||Moacir Barbosa Nascimento|
|Date of birth||27 March 1921|
|Place of birth||Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil|
|Date of death||7 April 2000(aged 79)|
|Place of death||Praia Grande, Brazil|
|Height||1.74 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|1945–1955||Vasco da Gama|
|1956||→ Bonsucesso (loan)|
|1958–1960||Vasco da Gama|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Moacir Barbosa Nascimento (27 March 1921 – 7 April 2000) was a Brazilian professional football goalkeeper whose career spanned 22 years. He was regarded as one of the world's best goalkeepers in the 1940s and 1950s, and known for not wearing gloves, as would be typical. Nowadays he is mainly associated with Brazil's defeat against underdogs Uruguay in the decisive match of the 1950 FIFA World Cup, an upset dubbed the Maracanazo.
At club level, Barbosa had his greatest successes with Rio de Janeiro side CR Vasco da Gama. He won several trophies at Vasco, including the Campeonato Sul-Americano de Campeões in 1948, the original precursor to the Copa Libertadores.
In the 1950 FIFA World Cup held on home soil, Brazil played Uruguay in the decisive match of the World Cup finals at the Maracanã stadium in Rio de Janeiro. Brazil was heavily favoured to win, and needed only a draw to win the round-robin tournament, but despite scoring first, Brazil lost 2–1 when Alcides Ghiggia scored the winning goal for Uruguay in the 79th minute after skilfully dribbling past Brazilian defender Bigode and then drilling the ball into the net while Barbosa was out of position, expecting a cross into the middle of the pitch. The loss stunned Brazilians and plunged the country into mourning, over what became known as the Maracanazo, or "the Maracana blow."
Barbosa was blamed for the defeat, for which he suffered for the rest of his life as the match became part of Brazilian folklore. In 2000, shortly before his death, he said in an interview: "The maximum punishment in Brazil is 30 years imprisonment, but I have been paying, for something I am not even responsible for, by now, for 50 years." In 1993, the president of the Brazilian Football Confederation, Ricardo Teixeira, did not allow him to be commentator during the broadcast of one of Brazil's international matches. He was also turned away from a Brazil training session on one occasion out of fear of his being a jinx for the team.
In 1963, Barbosa was presented with the old square wooden goalposts from the Maracanã as a present, which he took home and burned.
On 7 April 2000, he died of a heart attack at the age of 79.
¹) irregular friendly tournament between Brazil and Argentina
²) irregular friendly tournament between Brazil and Uruguay