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米东区 • مىچۈەن-كۆكتاغ رايونى
Lucaogou Railway Station
Midong in Ürümqi
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Midong District (simplified Chinese: 米东区; traditional Chinese: 米東區; pinyin: Mǐdōng Qū; Uyghur: مىچۈەن-كۆكتاغ رايونى, ULY: Michuan-Köktagh Rayoni, UYY: Miqüen-Kɵktaƣ Rayoni? USY: Мичүән-Көктағ Райони) is a district of Ürümqi, the capital of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Its land area is 3,408 km2 (1,316 sq mi); it has a population of 296,000.
Midong District was formed in 2007 by merging the former Dongshan District of Ürümqi (244 km2 or 94 sq mi, population of 100,000, as per the 2002 Census) with the Miquan (formerly part of Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture).
Midong District includes northern and eastern suburbs of Ürümqi, as well as a large slice of the Gurbantünggüt Desert north of the city which is administratively included into Ürümqi.
The natural water sources in the Ürümqi area mostly consist of streams that flow from the snow-capped Tian Shan mountains south of the city. Since Midong District is located north, and therefore downstream, of the main urban area, the water supply problems there are particularly acute.  To enable the area's economic development, the Irtysh–Ürümqi Canal was brought to Midong during the first decade of the 20th century. Its main terminal is the so-called "Reservoir 500", constructed at the border of Midong District and Fukang County-level City ( ).
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