This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Michael A. Hoffman II

Michael A. Hoffman II
Michael Anthony Hoffman II

(1957-01-02) January 2, 1957 (age 62)
OrganizationRevisionist History
Known forConspiracy theories
Holocaust denial

Michael Anthony Hoffman II (born January 2, 1957)[1] is an independent author and editor of Revisionist History newsletter.[2]

His books, such as: 'Judaism’s Strange Gods: Revised and Expanded' and 'The Great Holocaust Trial: Revised and Expanded', have sparked controversy, which led to the American company Amazon prohibiting the listing on their platform.[3]

He has been described by some critics of his writings as an American conspiracy theorist[1][4] and Holocaust denier.[4]


Hoffman was born to a Catholic family in Geneva, New York. His father, the chief of physical therapy at Clifton Springs Hospital, was German-American. His mother was Italian-American.[1] According to biographical information on the back cover of his book Judaism Discovered, Hoffman studied at the State University of New York at Oswego under Dr. Richard Funk and Dr. Faiz Abu-Jaber, father of Diana Abu-Jaber.

Hoffman was reportedly taught at an early age about William Morgan, whose disappearance in 1826 resulted in the formation of the Anti-Masonic Party. He said that he learned from his maternal grandfather that elections in the United States were rigged by organized crime. From this, Hoffman was said to have deduced that "[n]othing is as it seems to be," which in turn led to a "life long vocation, researching the subterranean workings of the occult cryptocracy's orchestration of American history".[1]

He has worked on the projects of neo-Nazi Tom Metzger and of the Holocaust deniers Willis Carto, David Irving, Ernst Zündel, and Herman Otten.[5] He has served as Assistant Director of the Institute for Historical Review, a Holocaust denial organization.[6] He has also edited the work of alternative publisher Adam Parfrey.[7]

Hoffman claims to have operated an organic farm and to have lived among the Amish for several years. In 1995, Hoffman moved with his family to northern Idaho. There, he hoped to establish a museum that would detail the "Communist holocaust against Christians" (i.e., the persecution of Christians in the Soviet Union), "the holocaust against the Germans", (i.e., the bombing of Dresden and other major German cities in World War II), and the "Holocaust against Japan" (i.e., the bombing of Tokyo and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki).[1]


Holocaust denial

Hoffman has been called a Holocaust denier by some sources such as Michael Barkun of Syracuse University.[4][8][9] Hoffman's one full-length work on the topic is The Great Holocaust Trial: The Landmark Battle for the Right to Doubt the West's Most Sacred Relic. This book, published in 1985, rather than elaborating a Holocaust denial thesis itself, provides a sympathetic account of the 1980s Canadian trials of Ernst Zündel. At the time, Zündel was required to appear before the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal for "spreading false news", by distributing the Holocaust-denying pamphlet Did Six Million Really Die? in Canada. Hoffman's book argues that Holocaust denial material should be completely legal to publish.

For a time Hoffman was the assistant director of the Institute for Historical Review, known for its Holocaust denial works. Hoffman has been criticised by Stephen A. Atkins, an academic from Texas A&M University Libraries who specialised in extremism and terrorism. In his 2009 book, Holocaust Denial as an International Movement, Atkins claimed that Hoffman's newsletter Revisionist History promotes Holocaust denial. Atkins also claimed in this work that Hoffman has denied the existence of the gas chambers, advanced antisemitic conspiracy theories, and contended that "the real Holocaust of World War II was deaths caused by the Allies."[8] In the 1990s, Hoffman propagated his views online, via newsgroups.[9]


Hoffman is the author of Usury in Christendom: The Mortal Sin that Was and Now is Not (2013), in which he argues that Jewish money-lenders have been scapegoated by gentile and Christian usurers in order to deflect attention from Renaissance Roman Catholic and late Protestant usury banking.[citation needed]


Hoffman is the author of Secret Societies and Psychological Warfare which outlines his conspiracy theory of a shadow government or "cryptocracy"[1] that gains power through manipulation of symbols and twilight language. Examples of such "psychodramas," in Hoffman's view, include Route 66 (which connects various centers of occult significance), and the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, in which Hoffman sees ritualistic elements.[1] The theory of masonic symbolism in the assassination of President Kennedy was first articulated by James Shelby Downard, with whom Hoffman co-authored King/Kill-33 which became the inspiration for a song by Marilyn Manson.[10]

Hoffman also states that this ruling cabal is slowly revealing the truth through movies such as They Live and The Matrix and other forms of symbolic and subliminal communication.[1] Hoffman has appeared on the Alex Jones radio show to discuss his theories. In a 2002 lecture in Sandpoint, Idaho, Hoffman analyzed the 9/11 terror attack in terms of human alchemy and psychological warfare.[11]

Criticism of Judaism

Following on from the work of earlier Christian polemicists, such as Johann Andreas Eisenmenger and Alexander McCaul, Hoffman is a critic of the religion of Orthodox Judaism and has learned to read Hebrew as part of his research. In particular, Hoffman's works have taken aim at the Babylonian Talmud, and that Orthodox Judaism is a racist, supremacist creed. Hoffman claims that the Talmud itself is anti-semitic in its oppressive micro-management of Jewish lives.[12]

Khazar Myth

Hoffman believes that most Ashkenazi Jews are not descended from the Biblical patriarchs, but from the Khazars. Examples of his hyperbole in discussing Jews are found in his analysis of the libel charges in the case of Irving v Penguin Books and Lipstadt, which he calls "another revisionist weed pushing itself up through hairline cracks in the Jewish concrete that covers our planet."[13] According to Mattias Gardell: "Antisemitism is prominent... in the worldview of Michael Hoffman II".[1]


Hoffman is also the author of They Were White and They Were Slaves: The Untold Story of Enslavement of Whites in Early America.[14] According to Derrick Jensen, Hoffman is "overtly racist" and "attempts to make the case that the enslavement of whites by commercial interests in Britain and the Americas was worse than the enslavement and genocide of Africans... perpetrated by those same interests."[14] Jensen said "Hoffman's analysis is seriously flawed" but that "his scholarship is impressive, and the story he tells is both interesting and horrifying".[14] In 2015, Liam Hogan writing in the British publication openDemocracy criticized Hoffman's scholarship in his essay "Irish Slaves - The Convenient Myth".[15]


Hoffman is the author of these self-published books:

  • The Great Holocaust Trial: The Landmark Battle for the Right to Doubt the West's Most Sacred Relic[16]
  • Adolf Hitler: Enemy of the German People
  • They Were White and They Were Slaves: The Untold History of the Enslavement of Whites in Early America
  • The Israeli Holocaust Against the Palestinians (with Moshe Lieberman)
  • Secret Societies and Psychological Warfare
  • Judaism's Strange Gods
  • Judaism Discovered: A Study of the Anti-Biblical Religion of Racism, Self-Worship, Superstition and Deceit
  • Usury in Christendom: The Mortal Sin that Was and Now is Not
  • A Candidate for the Order (a novel)
  • The Occult Renaissance Church of Rome

Hoffman has also written the introductions for modern reprints, which he also published, of:

  • The Traditions of the Jews by Johann Andreas Eisenmenger
  • The Talmud Tested by Alexander McCaul, D.D.

Hoffman has written articles for the UK-based magazine Fortean Times,[17] as well as the Lutheran newspaper Christian News of New Haven, MO, which is published by Otten.[18] He has claimed to have worked as a reporter for the Albany, New York, bureau of the Associated Press. His principal research interests are historical revisionism, the alleged occult roots of Freemasonry, the command ideology of the Cryptocracy, Fortean phenomena, and the sacred texts of Orthodox Judaism.[19]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Gardell, Mattias (2003). Gods of the Blood: The Pagan Revival and White Separatism. Duke University Press. pp. 98–100, 363. ISBN 9780822330714. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  2. ^ "Michael Hoffman - Author Biography". Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  3. ^ "On the censorship of Michael Hoffman's books by Amazon". The Unz Review. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  4. ^ a b c Barkun, Michael (2003). "Millennialism, Conspiracy, and Stigmatized Knowledge". A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America. University of California Press. p. 34. ISBN 9780520238053. Retrieved March 15, 2013. Michael A. Hoffman II, a Holocaust denier and exponent of multiple conspiracy theories
  5. ^ Christian News, Dec. 10, 2012, p. 5
  6. ^ Journal of Historical Review, vol. 6, no. 4, Spring, 1986
  7. ^ Apocalypse Culture Feral House, 1987
  8. ^ a b Stephen E. Atkins, Holocaust Denial as an International Movement (Praeger: 2009), p. 178.
  9. ^ a b Michael Whine, "The Far Right on the Internet" in The Governance of Cyberspace: Politics, Technology and Global Restructuring (ed. Brian D. Loader: Routledge, 1997), p. 212.
  10. ^ "Kennedy: King Kill 33 - Manson, Holy Wood & JFK - The NACHTKABARETT".
  11. ^ Inside the 9/11 Conspiracy, [Audio CD, 2002].
  12. ^ Judaism Discovered, [2008], p. 39
  13. ^ van Pelt, Robert Jan (2002). "Preface and Acknowledgements". The Case for Auschwitz: Evidence from the Irving Trial. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. xi. ISBN 9780253340160. Retrieved March 15, 2013. Michael A. Hoffman II compared Irving to St. George before the dragon
  14. ^ a b c Jensen, Derrick (2004). "Power". The Culture of Make Believe. White River Junction, Vermont: Chelsea Green Publishing Company. p. 78. ISBN 9781603581837.
  15. ^ Hogan, Liam. "'Irish slaves' - the convenient myth". Open Democracy.
  16. ^ Originally published in 1985 by the Institute for Historical Review
  17. ^ Fortean Times, issue no. 30.
  18. ^ Dec. 10, 2012, p. 5
  19. ^ Paul Rydeen, "Through a Hoffman Lens Darkly," Crash Collusion,

External links