|Place of origin||Mainland Southeast Asia|
|Region or state||Southeast Asia|
|Associated national cuisine||Thailand and Laos|
Miang kham (or "mieng kham", miang kam, miang kum; Thai: เมี่ยงคำ, pronounced [mîaŋ kʰām]) is a traditional Southeast Asian snack from Thailand and Laos (Lao: ໝ້ຽງ Lao pronunciation: [mȉaːŋ]). It was introduced to the Siamese court of King Rama V by Princess Dara Rasmi.
The name "miang kham" translates to "one bite wrap", from miang (food wrapped in leaves) and kham (a bite).
Miang kham mostly consists of raw fresh Piper sarmentosum (Thai: ชะพลู, RTGS: chaphlu) or Erythrina fusca (Thai: ทองหลาง, RTGS: thonglang) leaves that are filled with roasted coconut shavings and the following main ingredients chopped or cut into small pieces:
Miang kham is a snack food that originated in the northern part of Thailand, originally using pickled tea leaves (called miang in the northern Thai language). The dish is mentioned in “Epic of the Verse of foods”, a book written by the King Rama II. In Thailand, Miang kham is usually eaten with family and friends. It is also popular in the Central Region of Thailand. This dish is mostly eaten during the raining season for it is then that cha phlu leaves are abundantly available, as it grows new leaves and shoots.
A variation called miang pla includes pieces of deep-fried fish in addition to the standard ingredients.
Miang Kham Bua Lhuang (Thai:เมี่ยงคำบัวหลวง) is a snack dish originated in Thai royal cuisine in the central part of Thailand. Miang Kham Bua Lhuang (Eng: Lotus petals wrapped bite-size appetizer) is usually eaten with family and friends. This dish is mostly eaten as appetizer or snack during the meals. The name “Miang Kham” means “one bite-size wrap”. Form Miang (snack wrapped in piper sarmentosum leaves) and Kham (one bite) in Thailand (Miang Kham, 2018.). Normally, this dish can have many types of wrap such as Piper sarmentosum (Thai:ใบชะพลู) and pickled tea leaves (Thai:ใบเมี่ยง)which are originated in the north of Thailand.
When talking about “lotus” most people might think of lotus as offering to monks and Buddha. Actually, lotus petals can be eaten with many nutritional benefits e.g. high fiber for detoxifying and nourishing health. Also it can be cooked in good side dishes such as Ingredients of Miang Kham Bua Lhuang (Miang Kham Bua Lhuang, 2012), with other ingredient e.g. shallots, chili peppers, gingers, garlic, limes, coconut sugar. (Miang Kham Bua Lhuang Thai traditional snack food for good health,2012).
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