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Mexican animation

The Mexican animation industry is a part of Mexico's domestic film industry. It utilizes primarily the flash, CG, and traditional animation formats, typically produced on a small budget. It began in the 1960s and continues decades later.

History

1960s - 1980s

In the early 1960s, animation in Mexico was restricted to short formats. In 1972, La familia Telemiau ("The Telemiau family") was the first animated television series to be created in Mexico. It received poor ratings due to competition with more popular American animated shows, such as those of Hanna-Barbera. The country's first feature film, Los tres Reyes Magos ("The Three Wise Men"), was released in 1974, directed by Fernando Ruiz. It was a Mexican adaptation of the Biblical Magi story.[1]

In 1981, the country released its first successful animated film, Katy La Oruga ("Katy the Caterpillar"). It was followed by a made-for-television sequel, Katy, Kiki y Koko. In 1987, Mexico released Las Aventuras de Oliver Twist ("The adventures of Oliver Twist"), a Mexican film adaptation of Charles Dickens Oliver Twist book. It was the second animated film directed by Fernando Ruiz.

2000s - 2010s

After 1987, the creation of animation paused and did not restart until 2003, when Mexico City-based animation studio, Ánima Estudios, released Magos y Gigantes (Wizards and giants). The company later released Imaginum, in 2005. Since then, Ánima Estudios has produced more films and animated content for television.

In 2006, Huevocartoon, a popular multimedia brand focused on eggs, released its first feature film, Una pelicula de huevos. It proved to be a box-office success, grossing $142.3 million pesos.[2][3] It held the record as the highest-grossing Mexican animated film of all time for nine years. It was followed by two sequels. Founded in 2001, Huevocartoon has produced a lot of animated internet content, funded by its advertising campaign.[4]

In the same year, El Chavo Animado (an animated version of the popular comedy El Chavo del Ocho series), premiered in Televisa networks with high ratings.[5] It ran until 2014.

In 2007, Animex Producciones released La leyenda de la Nahuala, directed by Ricardo Arnaiz. It grossed $42.2 million pesos and was one of Mexico's highest-grossing animated films at the time. It was followed by even more successful sequels and a television series.[6]

In 2011, Don gato y su pandilla, an animated film based on Hanna-Barbera's Top Cat series was released successfully, earning $112.25 million pesos in its theatrical run.[7][3] It was followed by a computer animated prequel. Both films were produced by Ánima Estudios.

Un gallo con muchos huevos ("A rooster with many eggs"), a computer animated film, was released in 2015. It grossed $167.8 million pesos, breaking box-office records in Mexico, overtaking the original Huevos film as Mexico's highest-grossing animated film.[3]

In 2012, Villainous, a comedy web series created by Alan Ituriel, premiered on internet platforms. The series gained unexpected popularity and was picked up for television by the Latin American branch of Cartoon Network. It was shown on the network's Anything application on digital devices in 2016.[8]

In 2017, Ánima Estudios, Latin America's largest animation studio, was recognized by Forbes Mexico.[9] as the region's most important and successful animation studio.

2020s - present

In 2020, Ánima Estudios has released the superhero film, La liga de los 5, which is a first for the Mexican cinema industry.[10][11] Marvick Núñez, first time director and an experienced animator since 1996, explained the entire process of the country's animation industry which he calls it "very small".[12] "Let's say I had to see the birth of modern industry, the way we perceive animation now[.] [Y]ou didn't even think about dreams that a studio would make an animated movie in Mexico," said Núñez. He also stated that despite the frequent successes of the films, the industry has not gained global attention, adding that it "is emerging and is gradually gaining ground."[12] He later adds that one of the reasons the industry lacks sufficient quality is due to a few amount of universities dedicated to animation and gaming, as well as focusing on one animation element over multiples. "Here in Mexico it seems to me that there are hardly two or three universities focused entirely on it," he said.[12] “More people need to know how to make animation with all the departments they need: character design, art design, backgrounds… not only to animate the character, that's just one of the departments."[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ Eduardo, Jesus. "La Historia de la Animación Mexicana". Amino Apps. Amino. Retrieved 3 January 2019. Date: 29 December 2016. In Spanish.
  2. ^ Apanco, Edgar (1 September 2015). "Taquilla MX: Los Huevos le ganaron al oso". Cine Premiere. G21 Comunicación Entertainment. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "Películas Animadas 2000 – 2018". Canacine. Canacine. Retrieved 15 December 2018. In Spanish. Excel download required.
  4. ^ "Una historia de huevos". Universia.net. Fundación Universia. 11 January 2005. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  5. ^ El Chavo Bows Big | Animation Magazine
  6. ^ Gutiérrez, Vicente (18 October 2016). "Ánima Estudios construye franquicia cinematográfica". El Economista. El Economista. Retrieved 20 February 2018. In Spanish.
  7. ^ Hecht, John (September 20, 2011). "Mexican Animated Film 'Top Cat' Breaks Record at Box Office". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  8. ^ García Hidalgo, Alan (19 March 2018). "El inesperado éxito mexicano de Villainous EntretenimientoSeriesTecnologíaViral El inesperado éxito mexicano de Villainous". ChilangoTimes. ChilangoTimes. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  9. ^ Salvatierra, Hugo (12 January 2017). "Conoce el estudio de animación más importante de América Latina". Forbes Mexico. Forbes Mexico. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  10. ^ VÉRTIZ DE LA FUENTE, COLUMBA (10 January 2020). ""La liga de los 5", película de animación con héroes mexicanos". Proceso (magazine). Revista Proceso. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  11. ^ Huerta Ortiz, Caesar (6 July 2019). "Hacen a "La Catrina" una superheroina". El Universal. El Universal. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d López, Adolfo (9 January 2020). "Despunta producción de películas animadas mexicanas en la última década". El Sol de México. Organización Editorial Mexicana. Retrieved 11 January 2020.