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Methyldichlorophosphine

Methyldichlorophosphine
Methyldichlorophosphine.svg
Names
IUPAC name
Dichloro(methyl)phosphane
Other names
Methyl phosphonous dichloride
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
EC Number
  • 211-631-8
UN number 2845
Properties
CH3Cl2P
Molar mass 116.91 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Methyldichlorophosphine (alternatively known as dichloro(methyl)phosphane and methyl phosphonous dichloride) is an organophosphorus compound with the chemical formula CH3Cl2P. It is a colorless, corrosive, flammable, and highly reactive liquid with a pungent odor. It is also extremely toxic if inhaled, can cause burns upon contact with the skin and eyes, and releases fumes of hydrochloric acid in moist environments.[1]

Methyldichlorophosphine has a number of potential uses, but it is often used in the manufacture of nerve agents. When reacted with sulfuryl chloride it produces methylphosphonic acid dichloride, a direct chemical precursor to the nerve agents sarin, soman, and VX.

References

  1. ^ Pubchem. "Dichloro(methyl)phosphane". pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 19 April 2018.