In chemistry, a mesylate is any salt or ester of methanesulfonic acid (CH3SO3H). In salts, the mesylate is present as the CH3SO3− anion. When modifying the International Nonproprietary Name of a pharmaceutical substance containing the group or anion, the correct spelling is mesilate (as in imatinib mesilate, the mesylate salt of imatinib).
Mesylate esters are a group of organic compounds that share a common functional group with the general structure CH3SO2O–R, abbreviated MsO–R, where R is an organic substituent. Mesylate is considered a leaving group in nucleophilic substitution reactions.
Related to mesylate, is the mesyl, an abbreviation for methanesulfonyl or CH3SO2 (Ms) functional group. For example, methanesulfonyl chloride is often referred to as mesyl chloride. Whereas mesylates are often hydrolytically labile, mesyl groups, when attached to nitrogen are robust with respect to hydrolysis. This functional group appears in a variety of medications, particularly cardiac (i.e. “antiarrhythmic”) but as sulfonamide moiety. Examples include Sotalol, ibutilide, sematilide, Dronedarone, Dofetilide, E-4031, and Bitopertin .
Ice core samples from a single spot in Antarctica were found to have tiny inclusions of magnesium methanesulfonate dodecahydrate. This natural phase is recognized as the mineral ernstburkeite. It is extremely rare.
|journal=(help) Retrieved 5 December 2008.