3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||439.177 g/mol|
|Appearance||yellow cubic crystals|
|Density||8.73 g/cm³, solid|
|Very toxic (T+)|
the environment (N)
|R-phrases (outdated)||R26/27/28, R33, R50/53|
|S-phrases (outdated)||S13, S28, S45, S60, S61|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Mercury(I) fluoride or mercurous fluoride is the chemical compound composed of mercury and fluorine with the formula Hg2F2. It consists of small yellow cubic crystals, which turn black when exposed to light.
Mercury(I) fluoride is prepared by the reaction of mercury(I) carbonate with hydrofluoric acid:
In common with other Hg(I) (mercurous) compounds which contain linear X-Hg-Hg-X units, Hg2F2 contains linear FHg2F units with an Hg-Hg bond length of 251 pm (Hg-Hg in the metal is 300 pm) and an Hg-F bond length of 214 pm. The overall coordination of each Hg atom is a distorted octahedron; in addition to the bonded F and other Hg of the molecule, there are four other F atoms at 272 pm. The compound is often formulated as Hg22+ 2F−.