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Menard County, Illinois

Menard County, Illinois
Menard County Courthouse, IL (4504031312).jpg
Menard County Courthouse
Map of Illinois highlighting Menard County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1839
Named forPierre Menard
SeatPetersburg
Largest cityPetersburg
Area
 • Total315 sq mi (816 km2)
 • Land314 sq mi (813 km2)
 • Water1.0 sq mi (3 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010)12,705
 • Density40/sq mi (20/km2)
Congressional district18th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.menardcountyil.com

Menard County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 12,705.[1] Its county seat is Petersburg, which is also the location of the county's only stop light.[2]

Menard County is part of the Springfield, Illinois, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Menard County was formed in 1839 out of Sangamon County. The County was named for Pierre Menard, the first lieutenant governor of Illinois.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 315 square miles (820 km2), of which 314 square miles (810 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4]

Climate and weather

Petersburg, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.6
 
 
33
17
 
 
1.8
 
 
39
22
 
 
3.2
 
 
51
32
 
 
3.4
 
 
63
42
 
 
4.1
 
 
74
53
 
 
3.8
 
 
83
62
 
 
3.5
 
 
87
66
 
 
3.4
 
 
85
64
 
 
2.8
 
 
79
55
 
 
2.6
 
 
67
44
 
 
2.9
 
 
51
34
 
 
2.5
 
 
38
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Petersburg have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 112 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.62 inches (41 mm) in January to 4.06 inches (103 mm) in May.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18404,431
18506,34943.3%
18609,58451.0%
187011,73522.4%
188013,02411.0%
189013,1200.7%
190014,3369.3%
191012,796−10.7%
192011,694−8.6%
193010,575−9.6%
194010,6630.8%
19509,639−9.6%
19609,248−4.1%
19709,6854.7%
198011,70020.8%
199011,164−4.6%
200012,48611.8%
201012,7051.8%
Est. 201612,516[6]−1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,705 people, 5,140 households, and 3,683 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 40.4 inhabitants per square mile (15.6/km2). There were 5,654 housing units at an average density of 18.0 per square mile (6.9/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 97.5% white, 0.6% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 32.5% were German, 20.8% were American, 15.6% were Irish, and 14.3% were English.[12]

Of the 5,140 households, 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% were non-families, and 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age was 42.6 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $56,230 and the median income for a family was $65,882. Males had a median income of $42,408 versus $36,735 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,281. About 6.1% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Politics

In the years before World War I, Menard was a German Catholic and thus Democratic county, opposed to the pietism of Yankee Protestant Northern Illinois.[citation needed] Theodore Roosevelt in 1904 was the only Republican to carry the county in this time span.

However, suspicion of Woodrow Wilson’s war politicise during World War I allowed Charles Evans Hughes to carry Menard County in 1916 by a mere four votes despite losing the election. Since then, as German hostility to Wilson hardened, Menard has become a strongly Republican county. The only Democrats who have carried Menard County since 1916 have been Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 and 1936, plus Lyndon Johnson in 1964. Excluding the landslide losses of Hoover, Landon and Goldwater, George Bush senior in 1992 is the solitary Republican candidate since 1920 to fail to win a majority in Menard County. Illinois-bred Barack Obama is the only Democrat since 1980 to reach forty percent of Menard County’s vote, but over the last two elections a strong anti-Democratic swing – common to all of rural downstate Illinois – has taken place.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 64.9% 4,231 27.9% 1,817 7.2% 467
2012 64.2% 3,948 34.1% 2,100 1.7% 103
2008 56.7% 3,672 41.8% 2,706 1.5% 99
2004 67.1% 4,408 32.5% 2,137 0.4% 29
2000 62.3% 3,862 34.9% 2,164 2.8% 176
1996 52.9% 3,106 37.6% 2,204 9.5% 558
1992 45.0% 2,834 35.9% 2,264 19.1% 1,201
1988 62.4% 3,560 36.9% 2,103 0.7% 42
1984 68.1% 3,925 31.7% 1,826 0.3% 15
1980 65.5% 3,622 28.7% 1,589 5.8% 323
1976 57.3% 3,137 42.0% 2,301 0.8% 41
1972 69.5% 3,657 30.2% 1,587 0.4% 19
1968 59.7% 2,980 32.8% 1,640 7.5% 375
1964 48.2% 2,322 51.8% 2,491
1960 60.1% 3,120 39.8% 2,068 0.1% 5
1956 63.4% 3,188 36.5% 1,833 0.1% 4
1952 62.9% 3,307 37.0% 1,946 0.1% 3
1948 58.4% 2,899 41.1% 2,043 0.5% 26
1944 61.2% 3,013 38.3% 1,888 0.5% 25
1940 54.7% 3,531 44.8% 2,894 0.5% 33
1936 48.9% 3,067 50.2% 3,152 0.9% 58
1932 40.0% 2,327 59.3% 3,453 0.7% 43
1928 64.5% 3,243 34.7% 1,742 0.8% 40
1924 56.2% 2,931 37.5% 1,954 6.4% 332
1920 59.2% 2,882 38.3% 1,864 2.5% 123
1916 48.5% 2,693 48.4% 2,689 3.2% 176
1912 19.5% 620 48.2% 1,530 32.3% 1,025
1908 45.6% 1,600 49.8% 1,748 4.7% 164
1904 49.5% 1,705 43.7% 1,506 6.9% 236
1900 43.3% 1,632 55.1% 2,078 1.7% 63
1896 44.3% 1,642 54.4% 2,018 1.3% 48
1892 39.0% 1,278 53.4% 1,748 7.6% 248

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 205.
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Petersburg, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 1 April 2018.

External links