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Melur

Melur

Mela Nadu
Municipality
Traditional village house in Melur
Traditional village house in Melur
Nickname(s): 
Granite town
Melur is located in Tamil Nadu
Melur
Melur
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 10°03′N 78°20′E / 10.05°N 78.33°E / 10.05; 78.33
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictMadurai
Government
 • TypeSecond Grade Municipality
 • BodyMelur Municipality
 • PanchayatA.Vallalapatty
Area
 • Total664.9 km2 (256.7 sq mi)
Elevation
149 m (489 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total40,017
 • Density60/km2 (160/sq mi)
Tamil
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationTN-59
Websitewww.meluronline.com

Melur is a town and a municipality in the Madurai North in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The name Melur name comes from "Mela Nadu". Melur is called Thaigramam ('Mother of Villages'). It is the biggest taluk within the Madurai District. As of 2011, the town had a population of 40,017.Melur is an agricultural land in madurai. Climate around melur is tropical.

Melur is a manufacturer and exporter of ploughs.It has many cast iron industrial. Granite production is an important industry; granite from Melur is exported around the world. Situated within a largely agricultural area, most of the people living around Melur are employed in agriculture, chiefly in the cultivation of rice.

Geography

Melur has an average elevation of 149 metres (489 ft).

Demographics

Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
Hindu
60.00%
Muslim
45.00%
Christian
5.00%
Sikh
0.00%
Other
0.00%

According to the 2011 census, Melur had a population of 40,017 with a sex-ratio of 961 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[1] A total of 4,488 were under the age of six, constituting 2,353 males and 2,135 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 12.33% and .39% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 79.47%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[1] The town had a total of 9872 households. There were a total of 14,126 workers, comprising 355 cultivators, 1,493 main agricultural labourers, 295 in household industries, 10,470 other workers, 1,513 marginal workers, 33 marginal cultivators, 230 marginal agricultural labourers, 88 marginal workers in household industries and 1,162 other marginal workers.[2]

As per the religious census of 2011, Melur had 60.00% Hindus, 45.00% Muslims, 5.00% Christians, 0.00% Sikhs and 0.00% following other religions.[3]

Religion

The local religion involves as follows: the Lord Shiva temple and the goddess Draupathi,[4] who was wife of the Pandavas. Two important events are Biman–Keesakan fight and the Pookkuli Festival. In the first event, one person will be acting as Bima and another as Keesakan. Keesakan tries to run away from Bima, and the latter will chase him and kill him. The Pookkuli (walking on ignited coals) festival is celebrated every year by the Draupathi Amman Temple. On the Pookkuli day, devotees who have offered prayers to the goddess will perform fire walking. Pathinettankudi manjuu verattu is celebrated on every mattupongal day. specially in melur population is majority of muslims and a big masjid at trichy main road which is head of other masjids in melur.

The Naagammal Temple Festival is celebrated every year. Poochorithal is the main event of the festival. Santhana Koodu Festival is celebrated in the al ameen masjid every year. The Ealai Katha Amman Temple festival, Kottakudi Eruthu Kattu, and the Ayyanar Temple Puravi Eduppu Festival are also celebrated around Melur. The Kathapillai street Kaliamman festival is celebrated every year in June.

Vetrilai piri thiruvizha (Beetal leaf festival) this festival is celebrated in vellalore nadu near Melur in Madhurai on the first day of Chithirai month to celebrate communal harmony.[5]

The majority of Melur township people follow Hinduism and they are devotees of local village god and goddess Amman.[6]There is Mary L Flagg CSI church located near Sandhaipettai and regular prayers have been organised and conducted in this church which belongs to the Church of South India. This church was built during the British rule in 1904. It's 114 years old, as of 2018.

There is an Annadana madam named as Arutperumjyoti in Melur nearby Ganesh Theatre and this NGO trust offers lunch regularly for the poor and orphans.

Transport

Madurai Airport is the nearest airport from Melur, which operates domestic flight services such as Air India, SpiceJet, SriLankan Airlines and Indigo

Melur has a bus stand, which is used by TNSTC and private operators. This is situated inside the town on Madurai- Trichy NH45B. Melur has bus transportation to Madurai, Chennai, Trichy, Manamadurai, Dindigul, Coimbatore, Karaikudi, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram, Thirunelveli, Virudhunagar, Tanjore, Rajapalayam, Pattukkottai and all around the neighbouring districts. Madurai Junction is the nearest railway station.

Tourist spots

  • Alagar Kovil

Alagar Kovil is a village in Melur Constituency. The history & living of the village is centered around Kallazhagar Temple. It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Lord Vishnu, who is worshipped as Kallazhagar and his consort Lakshmi as Thirumagal.

  • Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple:

It is one of the six important abodes (Arupadaiveedu) of Lord Muruga. It is located close to the Vishnu Temple of Azhagar Kovil. Among the Arupadaiveedu, Pazhamudircholai temple is the last one. Lord Muruga at Pazhamudircholai is praised in several works of old Tamil literature such as the Silappathikaram, the Ettuthokai and the Pattupattu.

  • Thiruvathavur Thirumarainathar shivan Temple:

It is one of the very famous & ancient Shiva Temple, which is located in the Thiruvathur village of Melur constituency. It was constructed by a 9th-century Tamil Poet Maanikkavaasagar. He has done many popular religious literature works. His Thiruvasagam Book is considered as one of the precious book of Shaiva hymns.

New Rail line Proposal

Madurai-Melur-Tirupattur-Karaikudi New BG Line: As sanctioned by Railway Board in the year 2007-08, Survey was taken & the report has been submitted to Railway Board on 29/07/2008. Then updating survey was sanctioned in the year 2013-14 and the survey report was submitted to Railway board on 27/11/2014. Railway Board has shelved the proposal at present. Decision of Railway Board is awaited.

Politics

Melur assembly constituency is part of Madurai (Lok Sabha constituency).[7] The major political parties in Melur are ADMK, DMK Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, Indian National Congress, and Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam. Kakkan (late), State Minister during Kamarajar period was born in Melur. A statue is laid in Chekkadi. Melur R Samy has been Mla for three times Continuously from 2001 to 2016(ADMK). He belongs to Ambalam section Kallar Community .

Periya pullan who have been contested and elected as MLA of Melur town in 2016. He belongs to Mutharaiyar.

Periya pullan works for AIADMK party.

Famous People

Melur K. (Ram) Ramasubramanian Vice President for Research Professor, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering University of Virginia

Effective August 1, 2017 Dr. Melur K. “Ram” Ramasubramanian became the Vice President for Research. He was the program director for the Engineering Research Centers program at the National Science Foundation and was the D.W. Reynolds Distinguished Professor and department chair of Mechanical Engineering at Clemson University, with a joint faculty appointment as professor of bioengineering.

About Melur

Melur is one of the largest constituencies of Madurai district. The chief occupation of this area people is Agriculture.Few people have been working as daily wages working as masons and assistants in home construction. Gandiva Foundation is a public charitable trust functioning at Melur.

References

  1. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Melur(05835)". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  4. ^ "700-year-old idol recovered in Melur". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Betel Leaf Festival". Times of India. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
  6. ^ "Temple". Times of India. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  7. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 11 October 2008.