Motto: "Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" (Latin)
"Star and Key of the Indian Ocean"
|Common languages||Mauritian Creole|
• 1968 (first)
|John Shaw Rennie|
• 1986–1992 (last)
|12 March 1968|
• Republic proclaimed
|12 March 1992|
|1972||2,040 km2 (790 sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||MU|
|Today part of||Mauritius|
Between independence in 1968 and becoming a republic in 1992, Mauritius was an independent sovereign state that shared its head of state with the United Kingdom and other states headed by Elizabeth II.
In 1968, the United Kingdom's Mauritius Independence Act 1968 granted independence to the British Crown Colony of Mauritius. The British monarch, Elizabeth II, remained head of state as Queen of Mauritius, as well as being Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles in Mauritius were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Mauritius. The Governors-General were:
Elizabeth II visited Mauritius 24–26 March 1972.
The Republic of Mauritius was proclaimed on 12 March 1992. Following the abolition of the monarchy, the last Governor General of Mauritius, Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo became the first President of Mauritius.