This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Mattanur

Mattanur
Airport City of Malabar
Municipality
Trial landing at Kannur Airport (Aircraft: Dornier 228 of the Indian Air force)
Trial landing at Kannur Airport (Aircraft: Dornier 228 of the Indian Air force)
Nickname(s): Mtr
Mattanur is located in Kerala
Mattanur
Mattanur
Location in Kerala, India
Mattanur is located in India
Mattanur
Mattanur
Mattanur (India)
Coordinates: 11°55′52″N 75°34′19″E / 11.931°N 75.572°E / 11.931; 75.572
Country  India
State Kerala
District Kannur
Municipality 1 April 1990
Named for Kannur International Airport
Government
 • Body Municipality
Area
 • Total 54.65 km2 (21.10 sq mi)
 • Water 1.19 km2 (0.46 sq mi)  2.2%
Elevation 8-175 m (26-574 ft)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 670702[1]
Telephone code 91-(0)490
ISO 3166 code IN-KL
Niyamasabha Constituency Mattannur
Lok Sabha Constituency Kannur
Website [www.mattannurmunicipality.in]
Korean Visitors at a traditional Kerala jouse with Ettukettu Architecture in Mattanur

Mattanur, also spelled Mattannur, is a major town, municipality and an aerotropolis in the Kannur district, state of Kerala, India. Mattanur is around 25 km east of Kannur town and Thalassery.

Mattannur lies between Kannur, Thalassery and Iritty. It is the intersection where Thalassery-Coorg highway (popularly known as TC Road) meets Kannur-Mattanur road and forms Kannur-Mattanur-Coorg highway. The inter-state buses ply between Bangalore and Thalassery, Kannur passes through Mattanur. It is an important hub connecting Kodagu and Kannur. Mattannur has many attractions. 15-Mattannur Assembly Constituency and its extent Mattanur Municipality and Chittariparamba, Keezhallur, Koodali, Malur, Mangattidam, Kolayad, Padiyoor Kalliad and Thillenkeri Panchayats in Thalassery Taluk.

The proposed Kannur Airport aka Mattanur Airport is just about 3 km from Mattanur.

Location

Mattannur town is located at the midland of the Kannur District and lies between 11° 52' 34" and 11° 58' 51" north and 74° 32' 24" and 75° 37' 38" east. It is surrounded by eight Panchayats and a Municipality, namely Irikkur and Padiyur at the north side, Iritty (municipality), Thillankeri and Malur at the east side, Mangttidam and Vengad at the south side and Koodali and Keezhallur at the west side.

The town is located at about 500 km north of Thiruvananthapuram, the state capital and about 26 km east of Kannur, the district headquarters. Kochi, known as commercial capital of Kerala, is about 280 km south and Kozhikode which is a major urban centre of northern Kerala, is 93 km south of Mattannur. Mysore and Bangalore, two major cities of the state of Karnataka are 154 km and 290 km east of Mattannur, and Mangalore is about 166 km away towards the north.

Connectivity

The forthcoming Kannur International Airport is located just 3 km from the town and provides the opportunity of air connectivity. It is expected that the flight schedule from here will have linkage to major airport cities in Kerala, India and abroad. Mattannur Town is well connected to the neighbouring towns in Kerala and Karnataka. SH30, part of Thalassery-Coorg Road passes through the town and connects it to other nearby towns like Thalassery, Koothuparamba, Iritty, Mercara and also have linkages to cities like Mysore, Mangalore, Bangalore, Kozhikode, Kochi, and Thiruvananthapuram. while Mattannur-Kannur road towards west connects to Kannur Municipal town, the district headquarters. Mattannur–Maruthayi–Mannur road towards north provides accessibility through Nayikali bridge and Mannur bridge to SH36 (Thaliparamba-Iritty Road) thus getting easy access to towns like Irikkur, Sreekandapuram, Thaliparamba and Payyannur. Anjarakandy road passes touching at the entrance of the airport and connects settlements like Anjarakandy and Chakkarakkal. The Thalassery-Coorg road also connects the proposed Hill Highway at Iritty which in turn provides connectivity to all major settlements in the western ghat area. There is no rail connectivity to Mattannur now but the proposals for Thalassery-Coorg railway line and Kannur South-Airport Railway line are still active now and give hope for a rail connection in near future. The nearest railway station is Thalassery and is located at a distance of 26 km from Mattannur town. The Kannur railway station, located at 27  km from Mattannur is the major station in the district with access to all trains including superfast trains to north and south of the country.

Geography

The area has the typical midland characteristics of Kerala with undulating terrain mainly used for agriculture. The geographical area of the municipal town stretches between the Irikkur river (a portion of the Valapattanam river) at north and Anjarakandy river at the south. The town is located at the foothills of the western shoulders of the Western Ghats rising at the east side, while the western boundary portion is the part of the gradual sloping terrain leading to the Lakshadweep sea. Thalassery–Coorg road (SH30) passes through the Mattannur Municipal Town. The major urban development and activities are confined to the Mattannur junction area where Kannur road meets with State Highway. Pazhassi barrage and a garden of the Pazhassi Irrigation Project are located very near to the town and the spot is a major tourist destination. The main entrance of the forthcoming Kannur International Airport is in the town area and is just 3 km from Mattannur junction.


Attractions

The proposed Kannur International Airport is to be located at Moorkhanparamba, near Mattanur town. Pazhassi Dam is a tourist attraction nearby with a garden and boating facilities. This dam also provides drinking water to Kannur, Tellichery and Mahe municipalities.

Mattanur is famous for its "Kavu" where ancient folk rituals called Theyyam are performed during the months of January to April.

Annual celebrations

Utsavam of Mattannur "Sree Mahadeva temple" starts from 27 February every year. The eight days festival end with the aaratu. The prathishtadinam of Temple, illam nira, Mandalamasa and Bhagavathasapthaha are holy moments of the temple. In this temple, the Lord Mahadeva worshiped with three Bhavas during morning, noon and also in evening here. The 'thee purath vayal' is famous one with the temple, where the lord eliminated the enemies from Tippu Sulthan, who attacked the temple during the war by showered thee gola (fire bombs).

Muzhakkunu Shri Mridhagasyleswari temple around 10 km from Mattanur town. Goddesses Amma, thrayambakeswari worshipped here with the form of handing with Mridanga, with the holy songs of bhakthi here. Varshiikothsavam of Amma starts Pror stars of Meena Masa. Makara Ayana samkram of Makara 1 Thrikkarthika visesha of Vrischika 1 are the prominent holy days. Karkkitaka 1 until the month is important to Darsana masa of Matha.

"Chalayil Mahavishnu kshetram" is a famous Vishnu temple situated in Mattanur is one of the rare temples for worshiping Narasimha avathara of Lord Vishnu.

Another famous situated near Mattannur is "Mattannur Juma Masjid" this is one of the biggest and most famous Masjid in Kannur District

Mattanur also has a famous pond known as 'kulathoor' (thareeka's kulam) located near PRNSS college.

Another famous place situated near Mattannur is "Perinchery Sree Vishnu Kshethram", for worshiping Lord Lakshmana. Annual celebrations-eight days Utsavam starts on 'Uthratathi' day of every Kumbha Masam.

The Pariyaram Shree Subhrahamanya swami Temple, situated in Pariyaram Mundayode, famous for chuvarchithra, worshiping by the Lord Vel Muruka (Senapati Subhrahmanya). The three days of uthsavam starts with the star Aswati of Vrischika Malayala months and ends with the Thrikkarthaka vilakku of Karthika day of the month. The thrikkarthika vilakku is the most vishuable seen of the uthsava. All Shashti is the holy moments of the temple.

History

Mattannur has a rich history. Historical remains ranging from the Stone Age to the Modern Age can be seen here and in the surrounding region. The Umbrella stones and Nannangadis that are found in various parts of the municipal area show the importance of history dating back centuries in the region. Mesolithic implements and tools obtained from Nirmalagiri just 5 km from the town at some decades back and the discovery and excavations by Babington in 1823 of a few burials at nearby Bangala Motta Paramba, are pieces of evidence of the life existed in the pre-historic period.

One of the eminent personalities from Mattanur was Pulleri Illathu Madhusoodanan Thangal from the pre-independent era. Thangal is known as 'the founder of new Mattanur' in Mattanur history. He laid Paves of Religious Tolerances in Mattanur. He handed over acres of land to form a Mosque in Mattanur under one condition for the religious purpose only and made an agreement with the Muslims for reach 'Vilek Enna' to Mattanur Mahadeva Temple, during any time for any need. Madhu Soodhanan Thangal gave free land for a Police station and the Inspection Banglaw for the British rulers under the condition of one condition and one purpose only. This condition ' ONE condition and ONE purpose ' also now exist in this time, during this Janayatha Period also. Thangal and his ancestors are only the makers of Mattanur around, after Purali Raja vamsa in Kannur. During British rule, he represented the area in the Madras Legislative Council. He is the first man to have made Kshethrapravesana to Avarnas in his family temple Mattanur Maha Deva Kshethra, before the proclamation of Kshetra Pravesana Vilambara, in Kerala. But In history, the Pulrali Raja, the martyr Veera Singha Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja is the only prominent ruler to take all services to the avarnas, Vanavaseees and Muslims in India during the first decades of modern period.

Sri. KT Madhavan Nambiar, a renowned freedom fighter and Communist Party of India leader, was the president of Mattanur Panchayat for sixteen years till his death in 1972. During his tenure as president, a lot of development took place in the area which includes new roads, electrification etc. The Government Hospital in Mattanur, which now caters to the health needs of thousands of people, was established during his tenure. He took initiative in setting up a fruit canning unit in Kallur under Co-Operative Sector. After his death, the unit could not function for years and later was taken over by the Khadi Board and then by RAIDCO. V.K Paithal was another notable president of Mattanur during its Panchayat Periods.

Mattanur was a Municipal face during 1995 onward, The first chairman was Shri N. Mukundan Master. So he is known as the forefather of Mattanur nagara. He paved different plans and farms to Mattanur Municipality.

Some of the most important places in the locality are Illam Moola (Sasthapuram), Pariyaram, Thillenkeri, Muzhakkunnu, Uruvachal and Maruthayi, and Chavassery. Puralimala is a historical place near Mattannur. Kottiyoor Mahadeva Khsetram is only one and half hours drive from Mattannur.

Muzhakkunu near Mattanur is the 'Aaroodastala' Of Purali- Pazhassi Vamsa of most northern Kerala. Shri Mridhanga syleswari Temple is situated here. The ancestral temple avasishta of the Porkkali goddess, the tharavadu Devatha of Pazhassi are vented, the southern part of the temple Mridhangasylesweri. Muzhakkunnu village is the clear cut Prathifalana kannadi of India, for its days of rulers, Zemindari era and against Achara persons also. Near Grama, is the Purana place of Namboodiries in Kerala, where Rishi Parassurama invited and hosted. This is also a mirror of Bhrahimin or Janmivirudha communist propaganda was taken in the site. The 'polichatukkal' of Rajakkeeya dynasty to unbelievers also took place in here, like other corner places in India, were announces. The 'Karshaka viplava era' were taken places here followed by this 'Polichadukkal'. Chavassery is the other place, where the branch of purali vamsa 'Patinjarae Kovil' was taken in huts there. Elipetta Malika, near Mannompazhassi Shree Mahavishnu temple, is the first Kovilaka of forefathers of Martiyor Pazhassi Veerasingha Kerala Pazhassi Raja. Then after decades, it was established by a palace in Pazhassi for the unknown period of these rulers.

Pazhassi is one of the important places in Mattanur where Great King Pazhassi Raja stayed and still some Veera Pazhassi generations are staying over there, His tharavad is known as Pazhassi kolooth, which is located 5 km from Mattanur. But the koolom does not now exist. It was eliminated by the British during the war period between Pazhassi Veerasingha Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja and with the British. Now, Patinjarae Kovilakom, built by the ancestors of Pazhassi still exists. It is also illustrated that the Vamsa of Veera Pazhassi do not exist after the death of Thamburatti Gopalika, in 1990.

The place Thillenkery is a historical place near Mattanur.

Veera Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja- Painting by Raja Ravi Varma

Education

One of the important institutes in Mattanur is Pazhassi Raja NSS College. The college was established in 1964, founded by social reformer and educationalist Padma Bhushan Mannathu Padmanabhan. The college now comes under Kannur University (earlier under the University of Calicut) and offers courses at graduate and postgraduate levels. The alumni of the college include Sri. Patyam Srinivasan, a prized Malayalam film industry person. Film actor Sri. Jagadeesh was a lecturer in this college, before coming to the film world.

In and around, Mattanur has many government and private schools and private colleges. Mattanur Government Polytechnic college is one of the technical institutions.[citation needed] Mattanur Universal College is one of the Parallel Colleges in Kannur District.

Sree Sankara Vidya Peetam

Mattannur has more than three CBSE-approved English medium schools.[citation needed] One of them is Sree Sankara Vidyapeetam, which was established by the Sree Mahadeva Temple trust. Kallur New UP school is situated near Mattannur town. Mattanur Government UP School is situated in Mattanur Town. Swathi kalakshethram is one of the art academies situated in Mattannur and is coordinated by Babu Mattannur. Another academy is Nadabhramam under K E Sankaran Namboodiri.

More than three hospitals are in Mattanur. Mattanur is an upcoming town in Kannur district. Pariyaram is one of the important places in the Mattanur Municipality, Pariyaram UP School being one among the important educational institutions in Mattanur. The Poonkottum Kavu (the forest land) also situated nearby Pariyaram. Pariyaram Shree Subhrahamnya swami temple, famous for Chuvarchithra, located near Mattanur Around 3 km far east from Mattanur. It is situated between the huts of village In Pariyaram Mundayode. Ancient Hindu scenario from Puranas and the pictures of gods and goddesses are illustrated here. But the lack of keeping facilities it tolerated to Puzhukuthu. This is temple place is also the Scenarios of the village heart of Mattanur. The temple was built by Pazhassi Purali Vamsa and then handed over to the Zemindars of Pariyaram Manattillom during the Feudal Period. Three or more illoms are there in this village but Manatillom was only now existed. The Ettukettu illom near Pariyaram UP School was handed over to a Muslim family during the time of 1990. Palottupalli, Kalaroad and 19th Mile bus stops from Thalassery Kutagu Road reach the temple.

Climate

Mattanur
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2
 
 
29
21
 
 
18
 
 
31
22
 
 
39
 
 
32
22
 
 
109
 
 
31
22
 
 
189
 
 
29
22
 
 
638
 
 
25
19
 
 
780
 
 
23
21
 
 
485
 
 
24
18
 
 
236
 
 
26
20
 
 
242
 
 
27
20
 
 
121
 
 
27
21
 
 
17
 
 
28
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

The region has a tropical humid climate with hot summer and abundant rainfall. The rainfall is available throughout the year except during the months from January to April. The average rainfall is 3438 mm. The rainfall during July is very heavy and the region receives 68% of the annual rainfall during this season. The region has a humid climate with an oppressive hot season from March to the end of May. This is followed by south-west monsoon which continues till the end of September. October and November witness the post-monsoon (North-East monsoon) or retreating monsoon season. During the months of April and May, the mean daily maximum temperature is about 35 °C. The temperature is low in December and January and the minimum temperature is about 20 °C. On certain days the night temperature may go down to 16 °C, although this is extremely rare.

Culture

Inside the Ettukettu Palace in Mattanur

Mattanur is famous for its players of the ethnic drum called the chenda. Mattanur Panchavadya Sangham, which is a troupe that plays another classical percussion ensemble called Panchavadyam, also hails from this place. The most prominent among them are Mattannur Sankarankutty Marar and Kalanilayam Udayan Namboodiri. Mattannur Sankarankutty Marar is a famous thayambaka artist as well as Panchavadya Vidwan. He was Melapramani for the famous Thrissur Pooram. Famous cinema actress and dancer Anju Aravind is from Pazhassi, Mattannur.

Mattanur UP school is one of the oldest educational institutions in Mattanur. Sevasram at Sasthapuram, the former Asram of Sreemad Swatmananda Saraswathi is emerging as the main centre of social service of Mattannur. It provides food for patients on hartal days, pension for the needy, job centres for mothers, etc.; offers Geetha class, Sat-Sangam and so on.

Mahadeva Temple in Mattanur

Sports

Mattannur is famous for its volleyball. Udaya Sports Club has contributed immensely to the development of volleyball in the area and has produced players who represented Kerala state. Sri. C Narayanan Master, famous for his high spin serve and tactical smashes, is respected in the locality as a great player. Sri. PK Jagannathan, Principal of SN College and International Volleyball Referee is a product of Udaya Club. PRNSS College Mattanur also used to be a powerhouse in volleyball. Under the captaincy of Sri TP Abdul Razak- elder brother of Sri. Salim Ahmed the director and co-producer of the National Award-winning film Adaminte Makan Abu, PRNSS College Team became the strongest team in Calicut University. Sri TP Abdul Razak led Calicut University to third place in All India University Volleyball Championship. But, with the Police Maidan - the home ground of Mattannur Volleyball made into police quarters, volleyball in Mattanur met with premature death. Smt. Soumya Sadanandan, the former Indian Vanitha Volleyball Captain is also from Mattanur.

Governance

Mattanur municipality has been ruled by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) lead front from the time it was formed. Bhaskaran Master is the current[when?] chairman of the Municipal Council. CPIM have a strong presence in the entire municipality and the surrounding villages.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[2] Mattannur had a population of 47,078. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Mattannur has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 79%. In Mattannur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Mattannur Municipal Town is the second largest municipal town in Kannur district and has a geographical area of 54.15 sq.km, next to Payyannur Municipal Town, which stands the largest in the district, with an area of 54.63 sq.km. The present[when?] population of the town as per 2011 census is 47,078 and the density is found to be 869 persons per sq.km, which is the lowest among the municipal towns in the Kannur district. The decadal growth rate for the 2001-2011 period is 6.23% and ranks the second position in the district behind Thaliparamba town. Mattannur town possesses the least value of sex ratio (1,078 females per 1,000 males) and highest value of workforce participation ratio (36.75%) among the municipal towns in the Kannur district.

Transportation

The national highway passes through Kannur town. Goa and Mumbai can be accessed on the northern side and Cochin and Thiruvananthapuram can be accessed on the southern side. The road to the east of Iritty connects to Mysore and Bangalore. The nearest railway station is Thalassery on Mangalore-Palakkad line.

There are airports at Mattanur, Mangalore and Calicut. All of them are international airports but direct flights are available only to middle eastern countries.

See also

References

  1. ^ 670702 http://www.citypincode.in/KERALA/KANNUR/MATTANUR_PINCODE 670702 Check |url= value (help). Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.